William Lewis, 1st Baron Merthyr

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Sculpture by Thomas Brock at Aberdare Park

William Thomas Lewis, 1st Baron Merthyr (5 August 1837 – 27 August 1914), known as Sir William Lewis, 1st Baronet, from 1896 to 1911, was a Welsh coal mining magnate.

Lewis was the son of Thomas William Lewis, an engineer, of Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorganshire. He at first worked for the Bute coal mining pits in southern Wales, but between 1870 and 1880 he acquired his own pits in Rhondda, which became known as Lewis Merthyr Consolidated Collieries Limited. He was also the founder of the Monmouthshire and South Wales Coal Association as a response the growing strength of the trade unions.

Public Life[edit]

He commenced his career in public life in 1866, when he was elected to the Aberdare Local Board of Health.[1]

In 1889 he was stood for election to the Glamorgan County Council for the Hirwaun ward. The contest was marked by accusations (originally made at the time of the Glamorgan county election of 1880) that Lewis, as a prominent coal owner and land agent, had refused requests by nonconformists for land to build chapels. He publicly refuted these allegations, at a meeting held at Ebenezer, Trecynon.[2] Lewis's supporters also counterred these claims by publishing old correspondence, including a letter by the late Thomas Price which refuted the accusations.[3] There is evidence that Lewis's personal popularity transcended any political considerations.[4] Lewis defeated the Liberal candidate, a local Methodist minister, Richard Morgan, and was immediately made an alderman. At the end of his six-year term he did not seek re-election.

Later career[edit]

Lewis was created a Baronet, of Nantgwyne, in 1896[5] and in 1911 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Merthyr, of Senghenydd in the County of Glamorgan.[6]

Lord Merthyr died in August 1914, aged 77, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Herbert.

A sculpture by Thomas Brock was erected in Aberdare Park and unveiled in 1913.

Senghenydd Colliery Disaster[edit]

One of the pits owned by Lewis was the Senghenydd Colliery. Following a failure to implement a safety plan in early 1913, an explosion in the mine on 14 October of that year killed 439 miners and one rescuer. This remains the worst mining accident in the United Kingdom. Lord Merthyr, together with the colliery manager, was subsequently fined a total of £24.[7]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Merthyr
Succeeded by
Herbert Clark Lewis


  1. ^ "Board of Health Election". Aberdare Times. 1 September 1866. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Aberdare County Council Election". Aberdare Times. 5 January 1889. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Mr W.T. Lewis a'r Capeli Ymneillduol". Tarian y Gweithiwr. 10 January 1889. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Etholiad Aelod y Cyngor Sirol dros Ranbarth Hirwaun". Tarian y Gweithiwr. 10 January 1889. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26713. p. 969. 18 February 1896.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28512. p. 5168. 11 July 1911.
  7. ^ http://www.welshcoalmines.co.uk/GlamEast/Senghenydd.htm