William Lyall (priest)
William Rowe Lyall (11 February 1788 - 17 February 1857) was an English churchman, Dean of Canterbury from 1845 to 1857.
He was born in Stepney, Middlesex, the fifth son of John Lyall and Jane Comyns. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (M.A. 1816). In 1817 he married Catherine Brandreth (1792–1863), daughter of Dr. Brandreth of Liverpool.
Lyall was editor of the British Critic 1816-17 and associated with the Hackney Phalanx, the high-church group. He became editor of the Theological Library (1832–46). He early recognized a Catholic tendency in John Henry Newman's writing. His major literary work was Propædia Prophetica, a View of the Use and Design of the Old Testament (1840). Lyall's abilities and potential came to the attention of William Howley, the Archbishop of Canterbury, who shaped his career.
Lyall became Archdeacon of Colchester (1824–1842), Archdeacon of Maidstone (1842–1845), simultaneously Canon of the Ninth Prebend, Canterbury Cathedral (1841–1845), and finally Dean of Canterbury (1845–1857). He died at Canterbury, Kent. There is a monumental tomb i8n the north aisle of the nave at Cathedral, said to be designed after a model by the sculptor John Birnie Philip (1824–1875), but his remains are in fact buried at the parish church of St Michael in the nearby village of Harbledown, alongside his wife's. Lyall's career is described by Clive Dewey.
Further Information: DNB; Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae, 1541-1857.
He wrote a number of dissertations on religious topics, and was a regular contributor to the Quarterly Review, albeit anonymously. His major published work was Propædia Prophetica (Preparation of Prophesy), in 1840. It was re-published in 1854 and again posthumously in 1885, this time with a preface by his nephew George C. Pearson. He also contributed to the Encyclopædia Metropolitana, an ambitious enterprise to disseminate knowledge. He was invited to write sections of the History Division, in particular: History of Greece, Macedonia and Syria. Co-authors of this work were Jacob Henry Brooke Mountain, George Cecil Renouard, E. Pococke and Michael Russell.
His eldest brother was George Lyall, Snr, sometime MP for London, and Chairman of the East India Company. One of his famous nephews was Alfred Comyn Lyall, the Indian civil servant (1835–1911). Another was James Broadwood Lyall (1838–1916), also an Indian civil servant, who became Governor of the Punjab.
- ACAD: A Cambridge Alumni Database, (ID=LL804WR), consulted 14/7/2011
- Katharine Eustace, 'The Post-Reformation Monuments', in: A History of Canterbury Cathedral, ed. P. Collinson, N. Ramsay, M. Sparks, (OUP: 1995, revised edition 2002) p.539–40; illustration, plate 154.
- The Passing of Barchester, Hambledon Press, London (1991).
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