William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst

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Lord Sandhurst
Lordsandhurst caricature.jpg
1874 illustration of William Mansfield
Born 21 June 1819
Died 23 June 1876
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Commands held Bombay Army
Indian Army
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India

General William Rose Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst, GCB, GCSI, DCL (21 June 1819 – 23 June 1876), was a British military commander who served as Commander-in-Chief of India from 1865 to 1870.

Military career[edit]

Portrait from the Illustrated London News May 13, 1865

Mansfield was the fifth of the seven sons of John Mansfield of Diggeswell House in Hertfordshire, and his wife, daughter of General Samuel Smith of Baltimore in the United States.[1] His grandfather was the prominent lawyer Sir James Mansfield, Solicitor General from 1780 to 1782 and in 1783 and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas from 1804 to 1814.[1]

Mansfield was educated at Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned into the 53rd Foot in 1835.[1] He was mostly active in India and served in the Sutlej campaign of 1845 to 1846, commanded the 53rd Regiment in the Punjab from 1848 to 1849[1] and was employed in the Peshawar operations in 1851 and 1852.[1]

In 1855, during the Crimean War, Mansfield was appointed military adviser to the Ambassador at Constantinople Lord Stratford de Redcliff, and accompanied him to the Crimea.[1] He then returned to India and served as Chief-of-Staff during the Indian Mutiny campaign from 1857 to 1859, as Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army from 1860 to 1865 and as Commander-in-Chief, India from 1865 to 1870.[1] Mansfield was then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland from 1870 to 1875.[1]

In 1871 he was admitted to the Irish Privy Council and raised to the peerage as Baron Sandhurst, of Sandhurst in the County of Berkshire.[1] Lord Sandhurst died in June 1876, aged 57.[1] He was succeeded in the Barony by his eldest son William, who was created Viscount Sandhurst in 1917.[1] However, this title became extinct on his death while he was succeeded in the Barony by his younger brother.

References[edit]


Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Rose
C-in-C, Bombay Army
1860–1865
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Napier
Preceded by
The Lord Strathnairn
Commander-in-Chief, India
1865–1870
Succeeded by
The Lord Napier
Preceded by
Lord Strathnairn
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1870-1875
Succeeded by
Sir John Michel
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Sandhurst
1870–1876
Succeeded by
William Mansfield