William Mansfield, 1st Viscount Sandhurst

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Sandhurst
GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, PC
William Mansfield (Lord Sandhurst).jpg
Governor of Bombay
In office
1895–1900
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Lord Harris
Succeeded by The Lord Northcote
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
In office
14 February 1912 – 2 November 1921
Monarch George V
Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
David Lloyd George
Preceded by The Earl Spencer
Succeeded by The Duke of Atholl
Personal details
Born (1855-08-21)21 August 1855
Died 2 November 1921(1921-11-02) (aged 66)
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Victoria Spencer
(1855–1906)
(2) Eleanor Arnold (d. 1934)

William Mansfield, 1st Viscount Sandhurst GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, PC (21 August 1855 – 2 November 1921) was a British Liberal politician and colonial governor. He was Governor of Bombay between 1895 and 1900 and Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1912 and 1921.

Background and early life[edit]

Mansfield was the son of William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst, and Margaret, daughter of Robert Fellowes. He served in the Coldstream Guards, achieving the rank of lieutenant.[1]

Political career[edit]

Mansfield succeeded his father as Baron Sandhurst in 1876, aged 20, and was entitled to a seat in the House of Lords from his 21st birthday a few months later. When the Liberals came to power under William Ewart Gladstone in 1880, he was appointed a Lord-in-Waiting, a post he held until 1885 when the Liberals left office. He was Under-Secretary of State for War in Gladstone's brief 1886 administration and again from 1892 to 1895 under Gladstone and Lord Rosebery. In 1895 he was made Governor of Bombay,[2] a post he held until 1900.[1]

Lord Sandhurst did not initially serve in the Liberal administrations headed by Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith but was sworn of the Privy Council in 1907.[3] He did return to ministerial office in 1912 when Asquith appointed him Lord Chamberlain of the Household (succeeding his brother-in-law Lord Spencer).[4] He continued in this post until his death in 1921, the last five years under the premiership of David Lloyd George.[5] In 1917 he was made Viscount Sandhurst, of Sandhurst in the County of Berkshire.[6]

Family[edit]

Lord Sandhurst married, firstly, Lady Victoria, daughter of Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer, on 20 July 1881. They had two children, who both died in infancy: The Honourable John Robert Mansfield (4 September 1882–5 September 1882) and the Honourable Elizabeth Mansfield (9 June 1884–17 October 1884).

After his first wife's death in March 1906 he married secondly Eleanor, younger daughter of Matthew Arnold and widow of Armine Wodehouse, on 5 July 1909. There were no children from this marriage.

Lord Sandhurst died in 1921, aged 66. The viscountcy became extinct on his death while the barony was inherited by his brother, John Mansfield. Lady Sandhurst died in December 1934.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Listowel
Lord-in-Waiting
1880–1885
Succeeded by
The Viscount Hawarden
Preceded by
The Earl of Albermarle
Under-Secretary of State for War
1886
Succeeded by
The Lord Harris
Preceded by
The Earl Brownlow
Under-Secretary of State for War
1892–1895
Succeeded by
The Lord Monkswell
Preceded by
The Earl Spencer
Lord Chamberlain
1912–1921
Succeeded by
The Duke of Atholl
Government offices
Preceded by
The Lord Harris
Governor of Bombay
1895–1900
Succeeded by
The Lord Northcote
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Sandhurst
1917–1921
Extinct
Preceded by
William Mansfield
Baron Sandhurst
1876–1921
Succeeded by
John Mansfield