William Meade Fishback
Fishback was born in Jeffersonton, Virginia, in Culpeper County, Virginia. He graduated with a law degree from the University of Virginia in 1855. He moved to Illinois where he was admitted to the bar in 1857.
In 1858, Fishback moved to Greenwood, Arkansas. In 1861, he was elected to the Arkansas Secession Convention as a pro-Union delegate. Fishback established a pro-Union newspaper called The Unconditional Union in 1863. In December 1863, he represented 17 year-old David Owen Dodd, who was convicted of spying. During the American Civil War, he raised 900 troops for the 4th Arkansas Cavalry Regiment (USA) and served as Colonel.
Fishback was a delegate to the 1874 Arkansas Constitutional Convention. He served as a member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1871 to 1881. Fishback introduced what came to be known as the "Fishback Amendment", now known as Amendment 1 (codified as Article 20) of the Arkansas Constitution. This amendment prohibited the state authorities from paying the Holford railroad aid and levee bonds. Failure to pay the Holford debt created credit problems for the state that lasted well into the 20th century.
On September 5, 1892, Fishback was elected Governor of Arkansas. Fishback's administration focused on changing the national image of the state. During his term, the St. Francis River levee district was formed.
Fisbhack served as governor until 1895 when he left public office and worked attempting to attract business to the state.
While Governor, Fishback declared:
- "Houses of ill-fame are necessary to city life, if you close these sewers of men's animal passions you overflow the home and spread disaster."
- "William Meade Fishback(1893-1895)". Old State House Museum. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "Arkansas Governor William Meade Fishback". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "William Meade Fishback (1831–1903)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Brann, William Cowper (2006). The Iconoclast. Volume 1 a Collection of Articles.. Echo Library.
- William Meade Fishback at Find a Grave
- Governor William Meade Fishback, National Governors Association
James Philip Eagle
|Governor of Arkansas
James Paul Clarke