William Michael Crose
|William Michael Crose|
|7th Governor of American Samoa|
November 10, 1910 – March 14, 1913
|President||William Howard Taft|
|Preceded by||John Frederick Parker|
|Succeeded by||Nathan Woodworth Post|
|Born||February 9, 1867
|Died||April 4, 1929
|Alma mater||United States Naval Academy|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Commands||USS North Dakota (BB-29)
USS Princeton (PG-13)
William Michael Crose (February 8, 1867 – April 4, 1929) was a United States Navy Captain and the seventh Naval Governor of American Samoa, from November 10, 1910 to March 14, 1913. He was the first person designated "Governor of American Samoa", rather than the previous "Governor of Tutuila".
Life and career
The United States Department of the Navy awarded Crose the Navy Cross for "exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. NORTH DAKOTA in the Atlantic Fleet, during World War I." On July 1, 1890, Crose was commissioned into the United States Navy as an Ensign. On May 10, 1898, he became a Lieutenant (junior grade), and a Lieutenant on March 3, 1898. He was stationed on the USS Galena in 1888, the USS Marion in 1890, the Naval Hydrographic office in 1894, the USS Pinta in 1895, the USS Wheeling the same year, the Bureau of Equipment in 1898, and the USS Kentucky in 1900.
On November 10, 1910, Crose relieved Captain John Frederick Parker of command of United States Naval Station Tutuila, becoming the seventh Naval Governor of American Samoa. While Governor, Crose appointed a board of education, composed of a naval chaplain, a naval assistant surgeon, and the wife of a local school teacher. He also pushed for the renaming of the island Naval Post, claiming the name Tutuila was inadequate, as the territory contained additional islands other than Tutuila, and recommending a news name of either "American Samoa" or "Eastern Samoa", a wish he expressed to the Secretary of the Navy in a 1911 letter. On July 17, 1911, the island was officially designated "American Samoa", and President of the United States William Howard Taft recommissioned Crose as "Governor of American Samoa", rather than "Governor of Tutuila" on October 24, 1912.
Crose died in San Diego on April 4, 1929, and was buried at sea.
- Government of American Samoa (2008), 2.
- Government of American Samoa (2009).
- Hamersly (1902), 307.
- Military Times (2009).
- "Commander William Michael Crose: November 10, 1910 – March 14, 1913". Government of American Samoa. 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009.
- Hamersly, Lewis Randolph (1902). The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps: With a History of Naval Operations During the Rebellion of 1861–5, and a List of the Ships and Officers Participating in the Great Battles. J.M. Carroll. Retrieved October 4, 2009.
- "Historical Notes". Tapuitea: Official American Samoa Government Weekly Newsletter (Government of American Samoa) III (8). February 22, 2008. Retrieved October 4, 2009.
- "William Crose". Military times (Army Times Publishing Company). 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009.