William Milligan Sloane

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For those of a similar name, see William Sloan (disambiguation).
William Milligan Sloane
William Milligan Sloane.jpg
Born November 12, 1850
Richmond, Ohio
Died September 12, 1928
Nationality American
Occupation Educator and historian

William Milligan Sloane (November 12, 1850 – September 12, 1928) was an American educator and historian, born at Richmond, Ohio.


He graduated from Columbia College of Columbia University in 1868, and afterward was employed as instructor in classics at the Newell School in Pittsburgh until 1872. From 1872 to 1876 he studied at the universities of Berlin and Leipzig. He studied history under Mommsen and Droysen, and much of the time he worked as private secretary to George Bancroft, United States Minister at Berlin.

He was professor of history at Princeton University from 1883 to 1896. While there, he edited the Princeton Review (1886-1889). He resigned in 1896 to become professor of history at Columbia University. Sloane served on the International Olympic Committee from 1894 to 1924. The founder and chairman of the United States Olympic Committee,(known at the time as the American Olympic Committee) he escorted the first American Olympic team to 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens.

Professor Sloane was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and in 1911 president of the American Historical Association. His other honors were Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor and of the Order of the Polar Star.

He was portrayed in the 1984 NBC Mini-Series, The First Olympics: Athens 1896 by David Ogden Stiers.


  • Life and Work of James Renwick Wilson Sloane, his father (1888)
  • The French War and the Revolution (1893)
  • The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte (four volumes, 1896; revised and enlarged edition, 1911)
  • Life of James McCosh (1896)
  • The French Revolution and Religious Reform (1901)
  • Party Government in the United States of America (1914)
  • The Balkans (1914)




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