William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester
The Duke of Manchester
|Governor of Jamaica|
|Preceded by||Sir Eyre Coote|
|Succeeded by||John Keane|
1827 – 15 November 1830
|Prime Minister||George Canning
The Viscount Goderich
The Duke of Wellington
|Preceded by||Lord Frederick Montagu|
|Succeeded by||The Duke of Richmond|
|Born||21 October 1771|
|Died||18 March 1843
|Spouse(s)||Lady Susan Gordon
Background and education
Manchester was the eldest surviving son of George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet. He was educated at Harrow and then served in the British Army, achieving the rank of colonel in 1794.
Manchester was Governor of Jamaica from 1808 to 1827, and prepared the colony for the emancipation of slaves. In 1815 he dealt with the aftermath of the destruction of Port Royal by fire and of the plantations by a hurricane. Manchester Parish in Jamaica was named after him, while the capital of Mandeville was named after his son, Viscount Mandeville.
After his return to Britain he served as Postmaster General between 1827 and 1830 (succeeding his younger brother Lord Frederick Montagu). He was also Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire between 1793 and 1841.
- Lady Jane Montagu (1794–1815).
- George Montagu, 6th Duke of Manchester (1799–1855).
- Lord William Francis Montagu (1800–1842), married Emily, third daughter of James Du Pre.
- Lady Georgiana Frederica Montagu (1803–1892), married Evan Baillie and had issue.
- Lady Elizabeth Montagu, married Thomas Steele and had issue, including Thomas Montagu Steele
- Lady Susan Montagu (c. 1801–1870), married George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale and had issue.
- Lady Caroline Catherine Montagu (c. 1804–1892), married John Calcraft and had issue.
- Lady Emily Montagu (1806–1827).
The Duchess of Manchester caused a social scandal when she eloped with one of her footmen. According to The Complete Peerage, "it is mentioned in the Memoirs of a Highland Lady, under date 1812, that 'the Duchess had left home years before with one of her footmen.' Lady Jerningham wrote, 6 September 1813: 'the Duchess of Manchester is finally parted from her husband, her conduct becoming most notoriously bad'". Having become a social outcast, she died at Eaton, Edinburgh, in August 1828, aged 54. Manchester survived her by fifteen years and died in Rome, Italy, in March 1843, aged 71. He was succeeded in the dukedom by his son, George.
- thepeerage.com William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester
- 1911encyclopedia.org Earls and Dukes of Manchester
- www.flickr.com Manchester, Jamaica
- leighrayment.com Peerage: Mance to Massereene
- John Debrett (1836). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. [Another]. p. 22. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
- thepeerage.com, Emily Dupré.
- thepeerage.com, Lord William Francis Montagu.
Sir Eyre Coote
|Governor of Jamaica
Lord Frederick Montagu
The Duke of Richmond
The Duke of Montrose
|Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire
The Earl of Sandwich
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|Duke of Manchester