William Owen Pughe
William Owen Pughe (7 August 1759 – 4 June 1835) was a Welsh antiquarian and grammarian best known for his Welsh and English Dictionary, published in 1803, but also known for his grammar books and 'Pughisms' (neologisms).
Pughe was born at Llanfihangel-y-pennant, Merionethshire, but went to live in London in 1776, where he worked as a teacher. In 1783 he joined the Society of Gwyneddigion, and soon began compiling his Welsh-English dictionary. During this time he earned his living firstly as a legal clerk and then as a schoolmaster and a private tutor for the children of wealthy people in London. In 1806, he inherited the estates of the Rev. Rice Pughe, of Nantglyn, Denbighshire, a distant relative. After this he enjoyed a private income which meant that he was able to devote his whole time to literary and scholarly pursuits. He returned to Wales to live in 1825.
His son was the scholar Aneurin Owen.
- The Cambrian Biography (1803)
- Coll Gwynfa (translation of Paradise Lost) (1819)
- Hu Gadarn (1822)
For Rees's Cyclopaedia he wrote about history, but the topics are not known.
- "The Invention of Tradition", Prys Morgan
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