William Patrick Adam

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The Right Honourable
William Patrick Adam
CIE DL
William Patrick Adam 27 June 1874.jpg
"The Past"
Adam as caricatured by Ape (Carlo Pellegrini) in Vanity Fair, June 1874
First Commissioner of Works
In office
11 August 1873 – 17 February 1874
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Acton Smee Ayrton
Succeeded by Lord Henry Lennox
In office
3 May 1880 – 1880
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Hon. Gerard Noel
Succeeded by George Shaw-Lefevre
Paymaster-General
In office
30 September 1873 – 17 February 1874
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Hugh Childers
Succeeded by Stephen Cave
Governor of Madras Presidency
In office
20 December 1880 – 24 May 1881
Preceded by The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Succeeded by William Huddleston (acting)
Personal details
Born 14 September 1823 (1823-09-14)
Died 24 May 1881 (1881-05-25)
Ooty, British India
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Emily Wyllie (1838–1906)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

William Patrick Adam, CIE, DL (14 September 1823 – 24 May 1881) was a British colonial administrator and Liberal politician. He was twice First Commissioner of Works under William Ewart Gladstone and also served briefly as Governor of Madras between 1880 and 1881.

Background and education[edit]

Adam was the son of Admiral Sir Charles Adam, son of William Adam, only surviving son of the architect John Adam, brother of architects Robert Adam and James Adam. His mother was Elizabeth Brydone, daughter of Patrick Brydone, while John Adam and Sir Frederick Adam were his uncles.[1][2] He was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar, Inner Temple, in 1849.[3]

Political career[edit]

Adam was secretary to the Governor of Bombay, Lord Elphinstone (his second cousin), from 1853 to 1858.[1] In 1859 he was elected Member of Parliament for Clackmannan and Kinross, a seat he held until 1880.[4] He served as a Lord of the Treasury under Lord Palmerston and Lord Russell from 1865 to 1866 and under William Ewart Gladstone from 1868 to 1873.[1] In August 1873 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed First Commissioner of Works by Gladstone.[5] In September of the same year he was given the additional post of Paymaster-General, and retained both offices until the fall of the Gladstone government in February 1874.

Between 1874 and 1880 Adam was a Liberal whip. When the Liberals returned to power under Gladstone in May 1880, he was once again made First Commissioner of Works.[6] In December 1880 he was appointed Governor of Madras, which he remained until his death in May of the following year.

Adam was also the author of Thoughts on Policy of Retaliation[7] and served as a Deputy Lieutenant of Kinross-shire and Fife.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Adam married Emily, daughter of General Sir William Wyllie, in 1856. They had several children. Adam died in May 1881, aged 57,[1] in Ooty, British India, where he was also buried.[8][9] His wife Emily was awarded the Order of the Crown of India in October 1881.[10] In 1882 their eldest son Charles Adam was created a baronet, of Blair Adam in the County of Kinross, in honour of his father (see Adam baronets) and the same year Emily Adam was granted the precedence of a baronet's wife. She died in November 1906.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Beauclerk Dewar, Peter. Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain, 19th edition. Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage and Gentry LLC, 2001.
  2. ^  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Adam, William Patrick". Dictionary of National Biography 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  3. ^ "Adam, William Patrick (ADN841WP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Chichester to Clitheroe
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24007. p. 3769. 12 August 1873.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24841. p. 2836. 4 May 1880.
  7. ^ The New York Times 9 August 1873: "Mr Ayrton's successor".
  8. ^ travel.mapsofindia.com Tourist attractions in Ooty
  9. ^ destinationsindia.com Ooty Tourism
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25029. p. 5191. 21 October 1881.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Melgund
Member of Parliament for Clackmannan and Kinross
1859–1880
Succeeded by
John Balfour
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen
Sir William Dunbar, Bt
Hon. Luke White
Lord of the Treasury
with Hon. Luke White 1865–1866
John Bonham-Carter 1866
John Esmonde 1866

1865–1866
Succeeded by
Hon. Gerard Noel
Sir Graham Graham-Montgomery, Bt
Henry Whitmore
Preceded by
Sir Graham Graham-Montgomery, Bt
Henry Whitmore
Lord Claud Hamilton
Lord of the Treasury
with James Stansfeld 1868–1869
The Marquess of Lansdowne 1868–1872
John Cranch Walker Vivian 1868–1870
William Henry Gladstone 1869–1873

1868–1873
Succeeded by
William Henry Gladstone
Lord Frederick Cavendish
Hon. Algernon Greville
Preceded by
Acton Smee Ayrton
First Commissioner of Works
1873–1874
Succeeded by
Lord Henry Lennox
Preceded by
Hugh Childers
Paymaster-General
1873–1874
Succeeded by
Stephen Cave
Preceded by
Hon. Gerard Noel
First Commissioner of Works
1880
Succeeded by
George Shaw-Lefevre
Government offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Governor of Madras
1880–1881
Succeeded by
William Huddleston (acting)