William Patrick Hitler
|William P. Stuart-Houston|
12 March 1911|
Liverpool, Lancashire, England
|Died||14 July 1987
Patchogue, New York, U.S.
|Buried at||Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, Coram, New York|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1944 – 1947|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
World War II Victory Medal
|Relations||Adolf Hitler (uncle)
Alois Hitler, Jr. and Bridget Dowling (his parents)
Phyllis Jean-Jacques (his wife)
William Patrick "Willy" Stuart-Houston (né Hitler) (12 March 1911 – 14 July 1987) was the nephew of Adolf Hitler. Born to Adolf's half-brother, Alois Hitler, Jr., and his first wife, Bridget Dowling in Liverpool, Lancashire, William later moved to Germany and subsequently escaped, eventually going to the United States, where he enlisted to fight in World War II.
William Patrick Hitler was born in Liverpool, Lancashire, the son of Alois Hitler Jr. and his Irish-born wife Bridget Dowling. They met in Dublin when Alois was living there in 1909; they married in Marylebone and moved back north to Liverpool, where William was born in 1911.
The family lived in a flat at 102 Upper Stanhope Street, which was destroyed in the last German air raid of the Liverpool Blitz on 10 January 1942. Dowling wrote a manuscript called My Brother-in-Law Adolf, in which she says Hitler moved to Liverpool with her and Alois, remaining from November 1912 to April 1913, in order to dodge conscription in Austria.
In 1914, Alois left Bridget and their son for a gambling tour of Europe. Alois later returned to Germany. Unable to reconnect due to the outbreak of World War I, Alois abandoned the family, leaving William to be brought up by his mother. He remarried bigamously, but re-established contact in the mid-1920s when he wrote to Bridget asking her to send William to Germany's Weimar Republic for a visit. She finally agreed in 1929, when William was 18. Alois had since had another son by his German wife, Heinz Hitler, who, in contrast to William, became a committed Nazi and in 1942 died in Soviet captivity.
In Nazi Germany
In 1933, William Patrick Hitler returned to Germany in an attempt to benefit from his uncle's rise to power. His uncle found him a job at the Reich Credit Bank in Berlin. Later, William worked at an Opel automobile factory, and later still as a car salesman. Dissatisfied with these jobs, William persisted in asking his uncle for a better job, writing to him with blackmail threats that he would sell embarrassing stories about the family to the newspapers unless his "personal circumstances" improved.
In 1938, Hitler asked William to relinquish his British citizenship in exchange for a high-ranking job. Expecting a trap, William fled Nazi Germany; he again tried to blackmail his uncle with threats. This time, William threatened to tell the press that Hitler's alleged paternal grandfather was actually a Jewish merchant. Returning to London he wrote an article for Look magazine titled "Why I Hate my Uncle." However William did return, briefly, to Germany in 1938, possibly as a British agent. William's role in Germany in the late 1930s is unsubstantiated.
William, perhaps thinking his cover was blown, fled Germany in January 1939 with the help of a British agent. Soon after, William and his mother went to the United States on a lecture tour at the invitation of the publisher William Randolph Hearst. William and his mother were stranded there when World War II broke out. After making a special request to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, William was cleared to join the U.S. Navy in 1944, and moved to Sunnyside, Queens in New York.
According to a story circulating after his enlistment, when he went to the draft office and introduced himself, the recruiting officer supposedly replied, "Glad to see you, Hitler. My name's Hess."
William Patrick Hitler served in the U.S. Navy during World War II as a Pharmacist's Mate (a designation later changed to Hospital Corpsman) until he was discharged in 1947. He had been wounded in action during the war and was award a Purple Heart medal.
After leaving the Navy, William Hitler changed his surname to Stuart-Houston; some have commented on its similarity with the name of the British anti-semitic writer Houston Stewart Chamberlain. Stuart-Houston married, moved to Patchogue, Long Island and used his medical training to establish a business that analyzed blood samples for hospitals. His laboratory, which he called Brookhaven Laboratories, was located in his home, a two-story clapboard house at 71 Silver Street, Patchogue.
Stuart-Houston married Phyllis Jean-Jacques, who was born in Germany in the mid-1920s (she died in 2004). After their relationship began, William, Phyllis, and Bridget tried for some anonymity in the United States. They married in 1947 and had their firstchild, Alexander Adolf, in 1949. They had three more sons: Louis (b. 1951), Howard Ronald (1957-1989), and Brian William (b. 1965).
William Stuart-Houston died on July 14, 1987 in Patchogue, New York, His remains were buried next to his mother's, at the Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Coram, New York. Phyllis died on November 2, 2004.
Howard Ronald Stuart-Houston, a Special Agent with the Criminal Investigation Division of the Internal Revenue Service, died in an automobile accident on September 14, 1989 leaving behind no children. He is buried in the Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Coram, New York.
In the media
The family's story and Bridget's memoirs were first published by Michael Unger in the Liverpool Daily Post, 1973.
Beryl Bainbridge's 1978 novel Young Adolf depicts the alleged 1912–13 visit to his Liverpool relatives by a 23-year-old Adolf Hitler. Bainbridge adapted the story into a play as The Journal of Bridget Hitler with director Philip Saville, which was broadcast as a Playhouse (BBC 2) in 1981.
Unger also edited Bridget Dowling's memoirs, which were first published as The Memoirs of Bridget Hitler in 1979; a completely updated version, titled The Hitlers of Liverpool, was published in 2011.
In October 2005, The History Channel aired a one-hour documentary entitled "Hitler's Family", in which William Patrick Hitler is prominently profiled along with other relatives of Adolf Hitler.
- Hitler: His Irish Relatives, by Tony McCarthy in Irish Roots Magazine. Retrieved: 2010-10-22.
- "The black sheep of the family? The rise and fall of Hitler's scouse nephew" in The Independent, 17 August 2006 (accessed August 14, 2007)
- * Lehrer, Steven (2002). Hitler Sites: A City-by-city Guidebook (Austria, Germany, France, United States). McFarland. p. 224. ISBN 0-7864-1045-0.
- William Patrick Hitler Stuart-Houston's webpage, findagrave.com, accessed January 24, 2008
- "The Officer Down Memorial Page Remembers... Special Agent Howard R. Stuart-Houston, odmp.org, accessed May 4, 2007
- "Getting to know the Hitlers", The Daily Telegraph, January 20, 2002
- "Your Story: Adolf Hitler - did he visit Liverpool during 1912-13?", BBC Legacies - Liverpool, February 2004
- "Saville, Philip (1930-)", BFI Screenonline
- Vermeeren, Marc. "De jeugd van Adolf Hitler 1889-1907 en zijn familie en voorouders". Soesterberg, 2007, 420 blz. Uitgeverij Aspekt. ISBN = 978-90-5911-606-1
- Gardner, David. The Last of the Hitlers, BMM, 2001, ISBN 0-9541544-0-1
- Toland, John. Adolf Hitler, ISBN 0-385-42053-6
- Oliver Halmburger, Timothy W. Ryback, Florian M. Beierl: Hitler's Family — In the Shadow of the Dictator, Loopfilm / ZDF Enterprises, 2006.
- Getting to know the Hitlers from the Daily Telegraph
- Author talks about 'the Last of the Hitlers' CNN interview.
- The Diocese of Rockville Centre - Holy Sepulchre Cemetery
- Kilgannon, Corey. "Three Quiet Brothers on Long Island, All of Them Related to Hitler", The New York Times, April 24, 2006