William Pember Reeves
|William Pember Reeves|
|Portrait of William Pember Reeves possibly taken when he was elected to be a Member of Parliament in 1887|
|Minister of Labour|
|1st High Commissioner|
|Born||10 February 1857
|Died||16 May 1932
|Spouse(s)||Magdalen Stuart Robison|
|Relations||William Reeves (father)|
|Occupation||lawyer and journalist|
Early life and career
Reeves' parents were William Reeves (who was a journalist and politician) and Ellen Reeves née Pember; they had migrated to Canterbury in 1857, arriving three weeks before he was born.
He was educated at a private “prep” school in Christchurch, the local high school, and (1867–74) the Christ's College Grammar School. Before entering politics, Reeves was a lawyer and journalist. He was editor of the Canterbury Times in 1885 and the Lyttelton Times (1889–1891).
|Parliament of New Zealand|
He represented the Christchurch electorate of St Albans in Parliament from 1887 to 1890, and then Christchurch from 1890 to 1896, when he resigned to take up the Agent-generalship. During the premierships of John Ballance (1891–1893) and Richard Seddon (1893–1906), he served as Minister of Labour (1892–1896), Minister of Education (1891–1896), Minister of Justice (1891–1892, 1893, 1895–1896), and Commissioner of Stamp Duties (1892–1896). As Minister of Labour, he introduced the Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act 1894 and the Undesirable Immigrants Exclusion Bill, which, had it passed, would have barred poor and Asian immigrants from the country. His anti-foreigner stance earned him the nickname ‘Undesirable Bill’ Reeves.
In January 1896, he left New Zealand for London, where he was Agent-General (1896–1905) and High Commissioner (1905–08). While in England, Reeves became a friend of a number of left-wing intellectuals, such as George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells, and Sidney and Beatrice Webb, all Fabian and LSE members. He was also a member of the Coefficients dining club of social reformers.
He then became Director of the London School of Economics (1908–19), and was President of the Anglo-Hellenic League (1913–25). He headed the committee organising the First Universal Races Congress in London in 1911. He was Chairman of the Board of the National Bank of New Zealand (1917–31).
Some of Reeves's more influential writings include his history of New Zealand, The Long White Cloud (1898), and State Experiments in Australia and New Zealand (1902). He also published a number of poems, such as The Passing of the Forest and A Colonist in his Garden.
They had two daughters, the feminist writer Amber Reeves (born 1887) and Beryl (born 1889); and one son, Fabian Pember Reeves (1895-1917). He was killed in the First World War, aged 21 and a Flight Lieutenant in the RNAS.
- by Keith Sinclair, M.A., PH.D., Professor of History, University of Auckland. (2007). "REEVES, the Hon. William Pember". Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Keith Sinclair (2007). "Reeves, William Pember". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography:. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Wilson 1985, p. 229.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 71–72.
- "Immigration regulation". teara.govt.nz. 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840–1984 (4 ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Pember Reeves.|
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- Biography in the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
- Biography from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography on Te Ara
- The Long White Cloud at Project Gutenberg, or at the New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
- The Passing of the Forest at the New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Thomas William Hislop
|Minister of Education
William Campbell Walker
|New Zealand Parliament|
Francis James Garrick
|Member of Parliament for St Albans
Title next held byJack Watts
Constituency recreated after abolition in 1881
Title last held bySamuel Paull Andrews, Edward Richardson, Edward Cephas John Stevens
|Member of Parliament for Christchurch
Served alongside: Westby Perceval (1890–1891), Richard Molesworth Taylor (1890–1893), Ebenezer Sandford (1891–1893), George John Smith and William Whitehouse Collins (1893–1896)
George John Smith, William Whitehouse Collins, Charles Lewis
|Director of the London School of Economics