William Phelps Eno
William Phelps Eno (June 3, 1858 – December 3, 1945) was an American businessman responsible for many of the earliest innovations in road safety and traffic control. He is sometimes known as the "Father of traffic safety", despite never having learned to drive a car himself.
Though automobiles were rare until Eno was an older man, horse-drawn carriages were already causing significant traffic problems in urban areas like Eno's home town of New York City. In 1867, at the age of 9, he and his mother were caught in a traffic jam. In 1900, he wrote a piece on traffic safety entitled Reform in Our Street Traffic Urgently Needed. In 1903, he wrote a city traffic code for New York, the first such code in the world. He designed traffic plans for New York, London, and Paris.
In 1921 Eno founded the Eno Foundation for Highway Traffic Control, today known as the Eno Center for Transportation. The Foundation is a non-profit organization with the mission of improving transportation policy and leadership. Eno was one of the first honorary members of the Institute of Transportation Engineers.
- John A. Montgomery, Eno — The Man and the Foundation: A Chronicle of Transportation, 1988
- "OBITUARY RECORD OF GRADUATES OF YALE UNIVERSITY DECEASED DURING THE YEAR 1945-1946". Yale University. January 1, 1947. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- The Father of Traffic Safety at snopes.com
- Time Magazine archives - free registration required - Eno's obituary notice in the December 17, 1945 issue (bottom of page.)
- Eno Center for Transportation website
- The Eno House Fiasco Plan to move Eno mansion fails, saving Sherwood Island State Park from development