William R. Charette

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William Richard Charette
A light blue neck ribbon with a gold star shaped medallion hanging from it. The ribbon is similar in shape to a bowtie with 13 white stars in the center of the ribbon.
William Charette.jpg
Medal of Honor recipient William Charette
Born (1932-03-29)March 29, 1932
Ludington, Michigan
Died March 19, 2012(2012-03-19) (aged 79)[1]
Lakeland, Florida
Place of burial Florida National Cemetery
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1951–1977
Rank Master Chief Hospital Corpsman
Unit fox co.2nd Battalion, 7th Marines
Battles/wars Korean War
Awards Medal of Honor
Purple Heart Medal

William Richard Charette (March 29, 1932 – March 18, 2012) was a former United States Navy Hospital Corpsman and recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration for valor, the Medal of Honor. The medal was awarded to him for his actions on March 27, 1953 during the Korean War.

Master Chief Charette served at the Naval Hospital in Charleston; SC; Fleet Marine Force, 1st Marine Division, Korea; USS Quillback (SS-424); USS Triton (SSN-586), Fleet Ballistic Missile Training Center, Charleston, SC; USS Daniel Webster (SSBN-626); Naval Hospital, Orlando, FL; USS Simon Bolivar (SSBN-641); and at the Recruit Dispensary, Orlando, FL. He retired from the Navy on April 1, 1977.[2]

Early life and career[edit]

Born on March 29, 1932, in Ludington, Michigan, Charette graduated from high school there in 1951. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy on January 11, 1951, and underwent recruit training at Naval Station Great Lakes, Illinois. He then attended the Hospital Corps School at Naval Training Center, Bainbridge, Maryland, becoming a Hospital Corpsman upon graduation. Duty at the Naval Hospital in Charleston, South Carolina, and an April 16, 1952, promotion to hospital corpsman third class followed.[3]

Charette volunteered to serve in Korea as a corpsman attached to the Marine Corps and reported to the Field Medical Service School, Camp Pendleton, California, for training on November 25, 1952. After graduating from the school he was assigned to Company F, 2nd Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, which embarked for Korea on February 5, 1953.[3]

Korean War service[edit]

Medal of Honor

On March 27, 1953, during a Chinese attack on Marine outpost "Vegas", Charette faced a growing number of casualties exposed to hostile small-arms and mortar fire. When a grenade landed near him, he threw himself over his patient, absorbing the blast with his own body. In another instance, he removed his battle vest and placed it on a patient. In addition, he tore parts of his uniform to dress battle wounds and later stood up in a trench, exposing himself to incoming rounds, to aid a wounded comrade. He sustained many painful wounds during the battle.[3]

After the end of the war, Charette was still serving in Korea when he learned that he would receive the Medal of Honor. All five enlisted sailors who were awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Korean War were Navy hospital corpsmen who were attached to the Marine Corps. Charette was the only living recipient of the medal. He received the Medal of Honor in Washington, D.C., from President Dwight D. Eisenhower on January 12, 1954.[3]

Later years[edit]

Charlette selects a coffin for burial in the WW1 Tomb of the Unknown from the three coffins representing World War II (Pacific and European theaters) and Korea during ceremonies on board the USS Canberra, May 26, 1958

Charlette continued his service with the Navy, training new hospital corpsmen at the Naval Hospital Corps School in Great Lakes, Illinois. In 1958, aboard USS Canberra, he had the honor of selecting the World War II remains (one from the Pacific, and one from the European that would be placed in the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.

He eventually moved into the Submarine Force, becoming one of the first hospital corpsmen to serve on a nuclear submarine. He served as an Independent Duty Corpsman (IDC) in the Navy’s Nuclear Submarine Program. He served under Captain Edward L. Beach, Jr. on the USS Triton (SSN-586) and was also an IDC on the USS Sam Houston (SSBN-609) Gold crew 1962-1965.

He retired as a Master Chief Hospital Corpsman, HMCM(SS) with 26 years of service, in 1977.[3]

Awards and decorations[edit]

Charette's military awards include:[3]

Submarine Enlisted Badge.jpg  Enlisted Submarine Warfare Insignia
Medal of Honor
Purple Heart Medal
Combat Action Ribbon
National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal with bronze service star(ribbon should show bronze star in center, indicating two major engagements)
United Nations Korea Medal

Medal of Honor[edit]

Charette stands with two other Medal of Honor recipients shortly after receiving their medals from President Dwight D. Eisenhower. From left: Edward R. Schowalter, Jr., Ernest E. West, Eisenhower, and Charette

Charrette was one of eight field medics and corpsmen to be awarded the Medal of Honor in Korea. However, he was one of only two (the other being David B. Bleak) for whom the decoration was not posthumous. Those recognized after their deaths were Richard G. Wilson and Bryant E. Womack from the Army, and Edward C. Benfold, Richard Dewert, Francis C. Hammond, and John E. Kilmer from the US Navy.

Charette's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against enemy aggressor forces during the early morning hours. Participating in a fierce encounter with a cleverly concealed and well-entrenched enemy force occupying positions on a vital and bitterly contested outpost far in advance of the main line of resistance, HC3c. CHARETTE repeatedly and unhesitatingly moved about through a murderous barrage of hostile small-arms and mortar fire to render assistance to his wounded comrades. When an enemy grenade landed within a few feet of a marine he was attending, he immediately threw himself upon the stricken man and absorbed the entire concussion of the deadly missile with his body. Although sustaining painful facial wounds, and undergoing shock from the intensity of the blast which ripped the helmet and medical aid kit from his person, HC3c. CHARETTE resourcefully improvised emergency bandages by tearing off part of his clothing, and gallantly continued to administer medical aid to the wounded in his own unit and to those in adjacent platoon areas as well. Observing a seriously wounded comrade whose armored vest had been torn from his body by the blast from an exploding shell, he selflessly removed his own battle vest and placed it upon the helpless man although fully aware of the added jeopardy to himself. Moving to the side of another casualty who was suffering excruciating pain from a serious leg wound, HC3c. CHARETTE stood upright in the trench line and exposed himself to a deadly hail of enemy fire in order to lend more effective aid to the victim and to alleviate his anguish while being removed to a position of safety. By his indomitable courage and inspiring efforts in behalf of his wounded comrades, HC3c. CHARETTE was directly responsible for saving many lives. His great personal valor reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.[4]

Legacy[edit]

On 30 April 1999, the Charette Health Care Center, a part of the Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Virginia, was dedicated in his honor.[2]

AMVETS Post 82 of Ludington, Michigan, named itself after hometown hero William R. Charette in 1982. In downtown Ludington, there is a mural dedicated to William R. Charette. It depicts his tour of duty during which he earned the Medal of Honor.

William R. Charette was able to come to Ludington and see the mural before his death.

Recently, a sign was put up near the Memorial Medical Center that honors William R. Charette.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Medal of Honor recipient dies at 79 - Navy News | News from Afghanistan & Iraq". Navy Times. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  2. ^ a b "HMCM (SS) WILLIAM R. ("DOC") CHARETTE, USN (Ret)". Naval Submarine League. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Master Chief Hospital Corpsman William Richard Charette, USN (retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. United States Marine Corps History Division. Retrieved June 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients - Korean War". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. December 3, 2010. Retrieved June 9, 2011.