William R. Walker & Son

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Cranston Street Armory, Providence (1907)
Cumberland Town Hall, Cumberland (1894)

William R. Walker & Son (1881–1938) was an American architectural firm in Providence, Rhode Island. It included partners William Russell Walker (1830–1905), William Howard Walker (1865–1922), and later, William Russell Walker II (1889–1936).

William R. Walker began his architectural practice in 1864. Between 1876 and 1881 he partnered with Thomas J. Gould in Walker & Gould. In 1881, the two parted ways to start independent firms.[1] Walker took his son, William H. Walker into partnership to form the firm of William R. Walker & Son. William R. Walker died in 1905. William H. Walker died in 1922, at which point his son, William R. Walker, Jr., took charge until his own death in 1936. The firm was dissolved the next year, in 1937.[2]

Throughout the firm's history, it was known for its educational buildings. All of the Walkers had important political connections, enabling them to obtain the commissions for these and other civic structures. The part of the Walker legacy that is most commonly passed over is their residential and commercial commissions. Prominent commercial commissions include Providence's Lederer Building (1897), Attleboro's Bronson Building (1903), and the Washington Building (1921) in Providence.

Architectural Works[edit]

  • Col. John F. Clarke House, 91 Broad St., Valley Falls, Cumberland, RI (1882)[3]
  • St. Mary's R. C. Church, 645 Main St., Warren, RI (1882) - Demolished in 1972.[4]
  • First Universalist Church, 43 N. Washington St., North Attleborough, MA (1883) - Demolished in 1981.[5]
  • Vineyard Street Grammar School, 15 Vineyard St., Providence, RI (1883)[6]
  • First Free Will Baptist Church (Former), 128 Broadway, Pawtucket, RI (1884)[7]
  • Frank Mathewson House, 224 Bowen St., Providence, RI (1884)[8]
  • St. Theresa's R. C. Church, 265 Manton Ave., Providence, RI (1885) - Torn down about 1930 for current building.[9]
  • First Ward Wardroom, 171 Fountain St., Pawtucket, RI (1886)[10]
  • Fifth Ward Wardroom, 47 Mulberry St., Pawtucket, RI (1886)[11]
  • Masonic Building, 127 Dorrance St., Providence, RI (1886) - Burned in 1896.[12]
  • Smith Street Primary School, 396-400 Smith St., Providence, RI (1885)[13]
  • District Four School, 1515 West Shore Rd., Warwick, RI (1886) - The oldest surviving school in Warwick.
  • Rebuilding, Fall River City Hall (Former), 40 S. Main St., Fall River, MA (1886) - Demolished in 1963.[14]
  • Christ Episcopal Church, 909 Eddy St., Providence, RI (1888) - Demolished in 2006.[15]
  • United Congregational Church, 745 N. Broadway, East Providence, RI (1888)[16]
  • Byron W. Anthony House, 527 Rock St., Fall River, MA (1889)
  • Central Falls High School (Former), 580 Broad St., Central Falls, RI (1889) - Now the City Hall.
  • Church Hill Grammar School, 81 Park Pl., Pawtucket, RI (1889)[17]
  • George Hail Free Library, 530 Main St., Warren, RI (1889)[18]
  • East Providence Town Hall, 145 Taunton Ave., East Providence, RI (1890) - Burned in 1976.[19]
  • Warren Town Hall, 514 Main St., Warren, RI (1891) - Altered after the Hurricane of 1938.[20]
  • Grove Street School, 16-26 Grove St., Pawtucket, RI (1891) - Demolished.[21]
  • St. Matthew's Episcopal Church, 5 Chapel Rd., West Barrington, Barrington, RI (1891)[22]
  • Callender, McAuslan & Troup Co. Building, 239 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1892)[23][24]
  • Charles C. Newall House, 234 Norwood Ave., Edgewood, Cranston, RI (1893)[25]
  • James E. Sullivan House, 254 Wayland Ave., Providence, RI (1893)[26]
  • Warwick Town Hall, 3275 Post Rd., Apponaug, Warwick, RI (1893) - Now the City Hall.[27]
  • Cumberland Town Hall, 45 Broad St., Valley Falls, Cumberland, RI (1894)[28]
  • Pawtucket Armory, 172 Exchange St., Pawtucket, RI (1894)[29]
  • Woonsocket District Courthouse, 24 Front St., Woonsocket, RI (1894)[30]
  • Pawtucket High School (Former), 300 Broadway, Pawtucket, RI (1895)[31]
  • St. Joseph's R. C. Hospital, 21 Peace St., Providence, RI (1895) - Demolished.[32]
  • Masonic Building, 55 High St., Pawtucket, RI (1896) - Demolished.[33]
  • Walley School, 260 High St., Bristol, RI (1896)[34]
  • Lederer Building, 139 Mathewson St., Providence, RI (1897) - Now part of the Hotel Providence.[35]
  • St. Charles Borromeo R. C. School, 62 Daniels St., Woonsocket, RI (1897) - Demolished.[36]
  • Convent of St. Joseph's R. C. Church, 194 Walcott St., Pawtucket, RI (1900) - Demolished[37]
  • Estelle R. Jackson House, 121-123 Benevolent St., Providence, RI (1900)
  • George W. Robertson House, 242 Adelaide Ave., Providence, RI (1900)
  • Industrial Trust Company Branch, 236-238 Main St., Pawtucket, RI (1900) - The facade of this building has been replaced.[38]
  • Oliver School, 151 State St., Bristol, RI (1900)[39]
  • Social Street School, 706 Social St., Woonsocket, RI (1901)[40]
  • Westerly Armory, 8 Dixon St., Westerly, RI (1901)[41]
  • Bronson Building, 8 N. Main St., Attleboro, MA (1903)[42]
  • Narragansett Hotel, 149 Beach Ave., Kennebunk, ME (1904) - With only minor alterations, this hotel still stands as condominiums.[43]
  • South Woodlawn School, 53 Warren Ave., Pawtucket, RI (1905) - Demolished.[44]
  • Cranston Street Armory, 125 Dexter St., Providence, RI (1907)[45]
  • North Kingstown High School, 250 Tower Hill Rd., Wickford, North Kingstown, RI (1907) - Now Wickford Middle.
  • Wickford School, 99 Phillips St., Wickford, North Kingstown, RI (1908)[46]
  • Bijou Theatre, 164 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1908) - Demolished.
  • Prospect Street School, 329 Prospect St., Pawtucket, RI (1908) - Demolished.[47]
  • Interior Remodeling, Kent County Courthouse (Former), 125 Main St., East Greenwich, RI (1909) - Now the Town Hall.[48]
  • Hanley Building, 56 Pine St., Providence, RI (1911)[49]
  • Kentish Artillery Armory, 3259 Post Rd., Apponaug, Warwick, RI (1912) - Now the Warwick Museum of Art.[50]
  • Westerly Town Hall & Courthouse, 45 Broad St., Westerly, RI (1912)[51]
  • Woonsocket Armory, 350 S. Main St., Woonsocket, RI (1912)[52]
  • Armory of Mounted Commands, 1051 N. Main St., Providence, RI (1913) - Headhouse built in 1922.[53]
  • Carlton Theater, 79 Mathewson St., Providence, RI (1914) - Demolished 1954.[54]
  • Central Falls Police Station & Courthouse, 507 Broad St., Central Falls, RI (1914)[55]
  • Gaiety Theatre, 220 Weybosset St., Providence, RI (1914) - Demolished for PPAC.[56]
  • Charles Street Grammar School, 480 Charles St., Providence, RI (1915)[57]
  • Majestic Theatre, 201 Washington St., Providence, RI (1915) - Now the Lederer Theatre, home to the Trinity Repertory Company.[58]
  • Phenix Trust Company Building, Main St., Phenix, West Warwick, RI (1915) - Demolished in the 1970s.[59]
  • Toy Theatre, 260 Thayer St., Providence, RI (1915) - Now the Avon Cinema.[60]
  • Medical Building, 234 Thayer St., Providence, RI (1916) - Built for the Tunnel Realty Co.[61]
  • Modern Theatre, 440 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1916) - Demolished 1966.[62]
  • Remodeling, Hotel Dreyfus, 121 Washington St., Providence, RI (1917) - Originally built c.1890.[63]
  • Vinton Building, 354 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1917) - Demolished[64]
  • Clubhouse, Metacomet Country Club, 500 Veterans Memorial Pkwy., Rumford, East Providence, RI (1919)[65]
  • Rialto Theatre, 121 Mathewson St., Providence, RI (1919) - Auditorium demolished in 1936.
  • First National Bank Building, 19 Park St., Attleboro, MA (1920)[66]
  • Miriam A. Duffy School, 10 Harris Ave., Arctic, West Warwick, RI (1921)[67]
  • Slatersville Memorial Town Building, 1 Main St., Slatersville, North Smithfield, RI (1921)[68]
  • Washington Building, 93 Washington St., Providence, RI (1921) - Demolished.[69]
  • W. T. Grant Building, 133 Mathewson St., Providence, RI (1921)[70]
  • Rhode Island College of Pharmacy (Former), 235 Benefit St., Providence, RI (1922) - Now a dormitory of RISD.[71]
  • Thornton School, 4 School St., Thornton, Johnston, RI (1922)[72]
  • Park Theatre, 848 Park Ave., Auburn, Cranston, RI (1924)[73]
  • Central Falls High School, 24 Summer St., Central Falls, RI (1927)[74]
  • Cranston High School, 899 Park Ave., Auburn, Cranston, RI (1927) - Now Cranston High School East.[75]
  • West Warwick Junior High School (Former), 124 Providence St., Arctic, West Warwick, RI (1927)[76]
  • James H. Eldredge School, 101 1st Ave., East Greenwich, RI (1928) - Originally the High School.[77]
  • Henry Barnard School, Rhode Island College of Education (Former), 199 Promenade St., Providence, RI (1928) - Demolished[78]
  • East Providence Junior High School (Former), 20 Whelden Ave., East Providence, RI (1929)
  • Frank C. Angell Memorial Town Hall, 2000 Smith St., Centerdale, North Providence, RI (1929)[79]
  • Apponaug School, 20 Centerville Rd., Apponaug, Warwick, RI (1932)[80]
  • Industrial Building, Rhode Island School for the Deaf (Former), 520 Hope St., Providence, RI (1934)[81]

The firm also entered the competition for the Rhode Island State House in 1892, but lost.

Gallery[edit]

Architects[edit]

Several architects were educated in the office of W. R. Walker & Son, including:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  2. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  3. ^ American Architect and Building News (January 1, 1884)
  4. ^ St. Matthew's Episcopal Church - NRHP Nomination (Robert Owen Jones, March, 1991)
  5. ^ American Architect and Building News (April 14, 1883)
  6. ^ Journal of Education (April 30, 1885)
  7. ^ St. Matthew's Episcopal Church - NRHP Nomination (Robert Owen Jones, March, 1991)
  8. ^ Providence Preservation Society Records for 224 Bowen Street
  9. ^ The Sanitary Engineer (August 30, 1883)
  10. ^ Historic Resources of Pawtucket, Rhode Island - NRHP Nomination
  11. ^ Historic Resources of Pawtucket, Rhode Island - NRHP Nomination
  12. ^ Freemasons' Repository (February, 1886)
  13. ^ The Providence Plantations for 250 Years (Welcome Arnold Greene, 1886)
  14. ^ King's Handbook of the Unitate States (Moses King & F. M. Sweetser, 1891-1891)
  15. ^ St. Matthew's Episcopal Church - NRHP Nomination (Robert Owen Jones, March, 1991)
  16. ^ St. Matthew's Episcopal Church - NRHP Nomination (Robert Owen Jones, March, 1991)
  17. ^ Church Hill Grammar School - NRHP Nomination (Elizabeth Porterfield, 2008)
  18. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  19. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  20. ^ Buildings of Rhode Island (William H. Jordy, 2004)
  21. ^ Pawtucket, Volume 2 (Elizabeth L. Johnson, James L. Wheaton, and Susan L. Reed, 1996)
  22. ^ St. Matthew's Episcopal Church - NRHP Nomination (Robert Owen Jones, March, 1991)
  23. ^ PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture (Wm. McKenzie Woodward, 2003)
  24. ^ PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture (Wm. McKenzie Woodward, 2003)
  25. ^ Cranston, Rhode Island: Statewide Historical Preservation Report P-C-1 (Rhode Island Historical Preservation Commission, September, 1980)
  26. ^ PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture (Wm. McKenzie Woodward, 2003)
  27. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  28. ^ Church Hill Grammar School - NRHP Nomination (Elizabeth Porterfield, 2008)
  29. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  30. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  31. ^ Church Hill Grammar School - NRHP Nomination (Elizabeth Porterfield, 2008)
  32. ^ Atlantic Medical Weekly (August 10, 1895)
  33. ^ The Brickbuilder (June, 1897)
  34. ^ Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of Rhode Island (1901)
  35. ^ Engineering Record (October 1, 1896)
  36. ^ The School Journal (November 2, 1895)
  37. ^ Engineering News (May 10, 1900)
  38. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  39. ^ Bristol: Montaup to Poppasquash (Richard V. Simpson, 2002)
  40. ^ Engineering Record (October 19, 1901)
  41. ^ Engineering Record (April 1, 1901)
  42. ^ Engineering News (October 15, 1903)
  43. ^ Maine Board of Trade Journal (May, 1904)
  44. ^ Church Hill Grammar School - NRHP Nomination (Elizabeth Porterfield, 2008)
  45. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  46. ^ Engineering-Contracting (May 29, 1907)
  47. ^ Church Hill Grammar School - NRHP Nomination (Elizabeth Porterfield, 2008)
  48. ^ The State Houses of Rhode Island: An Architectural and Historical Legacy (Patrick T. Conley, Owen Robert Jones, and William McKenzie Woodward, 1988)
  49. ^ Downtown Providence: Statewide Historical Preservation Report P-P-5 (Rhode Island Historical Preservation Commission, May 1981)
  50. ^ Rhode Island State auditor's Report (1915)
  51. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  52. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  53. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (William P. Jordy and Christopher P. Monkhouse, 1982)
  54. ^ http://cinematreasures.org/theaters/6381/comments
  55. ^ The American Architect (May 21, 1913)
  56. ^ The American Contractor (June 13, 1914)
  57. ^ The Civic and Architectural Development of Providence (John Hutchins Cady, 1957)
  58. ^ PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture (Wm. McKenzie Woodward, 2003)
  59. ^ Domestic Engineering (June 12, 1915)
  60. ^ PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture (Wm. McKenzie Woodward, 2003)
  61. ^ The American Contractor (December 30, 1916)
  62. ^ Engineering Record (1916)
  63. ^ PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture (Wm. McKenzie Woodward, 2003)
  64. ^ The American Contractor (September 15, 1917)
  65. ^ Engineering News-Record (April 10, 1919)
  66. ^ Power (August 24, 1920)
  67. ^ The American Contractor (June 4, 1921)
  68. ^ The American Contractor (July 17, 1920)
  69. ^ The Bridgemen's Magazine (April 1921)
  70. ^ Domestic Engineering (September 3, 1921)
  71. ^ Domestic Engineering (January 7, 1922)
  72. ^ Domestic Engineering (June 24, 1922)
  73. ^ Cranston, Rhode Island: Statewide Historical Preservation Report P-C-1 (Rhode Island Historical Preservation Commission, September, 1980)
  74. ^ Iron Age (1923)
  75. ^ Cranston, Rhode Island: Statewide Historical Preservation Report P-C-1 (Rhode Island Historical Preservation Commission, September, 1980)
  76. ^ The Iron Age (1926)
  77. ^ Guide Officiel des Franco-Américains (Albert A. Belanger, 1940)
  78. ^ Church Hill Grammar School - NRHP Nomination (Elizabeth Porterfield, 2008)
  79. ^ Historic and Architectural Resources of North Providence, Rhode Island: A Preliminary Report (Rhode Island Historical Preservation Commission, 1978)
  80. ^ The Bridgemen's Magazine (1932)
  81. ^ Rhode Island: State-Owned Historic Properties (Rhode Island Historical Preservation commission, 1989)
  82. ^ Historic Resources of Pawtucket, Rhode Island - NRHP Nomination
  83. ^ New England Families: Geneological and Memorial, Volume II (William Richard Cutter, 1914)