William Richard Arnold (bishop)
|William Richard Arnold|
Major General William Richard Arnold
5th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army
June 10, 1881|
|Died||January 7, 1965
New York, New York
|Resting Place||Arlington National Cemetery
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1913 - 1965|
|Commands held||U.S. Army Chaplain Corps|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
Chaplain (Major General) William Richard Arnold, USA (June 10, 1881 – January 7, 1965) was an American Army officer and prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the 5th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army from 1937 to 1945 and Military Delegate of the Armed Forces from 1945 until his death in 1965.
Early life and education
William Arnold was born in Wooster, Ohio, to Augustine Adam and Catherine Mary (née Dalton) Arnold. He attended St. Joseph's College in Rensselaer, Indiana, graduating in 1902. Before beginning his studies for the priesthood, he learned his father's trade of cigar-making and later worked as a bar-straightener at a steel mill in Muncie. In Peru, he became acquainted and quartered with the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus.
Ordination and ministry
Arnold was ordained a priest for the Diocese of Fort Wayne on June 13, 1908. His first assignment was as a curate at St. Charles Borromeo Church in Peru. In April 1913, he entered the Army Chaplain Corps with the rank of First Lieutenant. Arnold then served at Fort Washington, Maryland, until 1915, when he was sent to Fort Mills at Corregidor in the Philippines. Returning to the United States in 1918, he briefly served at Fort Winfield Scott in California, and taught at the Chaplain Training School at Camp Taylor in Louisville, Kentucky.
Arnold subsequently served at Fort Hancock in New Jersey (1918–19), and was promoted to Captain in May 1919. He was director of the Chaplain Training School at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas from 1925 to 1929, and named a Major in April 1927. He then returned to the Philippines, serving as department chaplain at Fort McKinley from 1929 to 1931. After serving at Fort Bliss in Texas from 1931 to 1937, he was chaplain of the First Cavalry Division and supervising chaplain of the Arizona, New Mexico, West Texas District of the Civilian Conservation Corps. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in April 1933, and served again as director of the Chaplain Training School at Fort Leavenworth from June to November 1937.
Chief of the Army Chaplain Corps
On December 23, 1937, Arnold was appointed Chief of the Army Chaplain Corps by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, with the rank of Colonel. He was the first Catholic to hold the office. He was named a papal chamberlain by Pope Pius XI in August 1938, and raised to the rank of domestic prelate by Pope Pius XII in January 1942. He became a Brigadier General on November 21, 1941, and was re-appointed Chief of Chaplains on December 23 of that year. Arnold reached the rank of Major General on November 17, 1944. He continued to serve as Chief of Chaplains until April 1, 1945, when he became Assistant Inspector General of the Army.
Military Delegate of the Armed Forces
On May 5, 1945, Arnold was appointed Military Delegate of the Armed Forces and Titular Bishop of Phocaea by Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following October 11 from Archbishop Francis Spellman, with Bishops John F. Noll and John Francis O'Hara serving as co-consecrators, at St. Patrick's Cathedral. He traveled extensively during his 19-year tenure, visiting American military installations throughout the world and administering the sacraments to members of the armed services and their families.
- Catholic Church hierarchy
- Catholic Church in the United States
- Historical list of the Catholic bishops of the United States
- Insignia of Chaplain Schools in the US Military
- List of Catholic bishops of the United States
- List of Catholic bishops of the United States: military service
- Lists of patriarchs, archbishops, and bishops
- Military chaplain
- Religious symbolism in the United States military
- United States military chaplains
- Hewes, James E. (1983). PRINCIPAL OFFICIALS OF THE WAR DEPARTMENT AND DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, 1900-1963. U.S. Government Printing Office.
- "Arnold (William Richard) Papers". George C. Marshall Foundation.
- Curtis, Georgina Pell (1961). The American Catholic Who's Who XIV. Grosse Pointe, Michigan: Walter Romig.
- "BISHOP ARNOLD, 83, AIDE TO SPELLMAN; Military Delegate Is Dead—Headed Chaplain Corps". The New York Times. 1965-01-08.
- "Bishop William Richard Arnold". Catholic-Hierarchy.org.
- "Major General in Army Is to Become a Bishop". The New York Times. 1945-10-08.
|Catholic Church titles|
John Francis O'Hara
|Apostolic Vicar for the U.S. Armed Forces
May 15, 1945 – January 7, 1965
Alva J. Brasted
|Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army
1937 – 1945
Luther D. Miller