William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
General The Right Honourable
The Lord Sandhurst
GCB, GCSI, DCL
Caricature of Lord Sandhurst sat with crossed arms and legs
Vanity Fair caricature, 1874
Birth name William Rose Mansfield
Born (1819-06-21)21 June 1819
Ruxley, Kent, United Kingdom
Died 23 June 1876(1876-06-23) (aged 57)
London, United Kingdom
Buried at Digswell church, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Commands held
Awards

General William Rose Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst, GCB, GCSI, DCL (21 June 1819 – 23 June 1876), was a British military commander who served as Commander-in-Chief of India from 1865 to 1870.

Military career[edit]

Engraving of Sir William Mansfield
Portrait from the Illustrated London News 13 May 1865

Mansfield was born in Ruxley, Kent, the fifth of the seven sons of John Mansfield of Diggeswell House in Hertfordshire, and his wife, daughter of General Samuel Smith of Baltimore in the United States.[1] His grandfather was the prominent lawyer Sir James Mansfield, Solicitor General from 1780 to 1782 and in 1783 and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas from 1804 to 1814.[1]

Mansfield was educated at Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned into the 53rd Foot in 1835.[1] He was mostly active in India and served in the Sutlej campaign of 1845 to 1846, commanded the 53rd Regiment in the Punjab from 1848 to 1849[1] and was employed in the Peshawar operations in 1851 and 1852.[1]

In 1855, during the Crimean War, Mansfield was appointed military adviser to the Ambassador at Constantinople Lord Stratford de Redcliff, and accompanied him to the Crimea.[1] He then returned to India and served as Chief-of-Staff during the Indian Mutiny campaign from 1857 to 1859. His role during the Siege of Lucknow in November 1857 saw his appointment as Knight Commander of the Order of Bath (KCB) in March 1858.[1][2] He was Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army from 1860 to 1865 and as Commander-in-Chief, India from 1865 to 1870,[1] during which time he was made Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India (GCSI)[3] and subsequently Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB).[4] Mansfield was then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland from 1870 to 1875.[1]

In 1871 he was admitted to the Irish Privy Council[1] and raised to the peerage as Baron Sandhurst, of Sandhurst in the County of Berkshire.[5]

Sandhurst died in London on 23 June 1876, aged 57, and was buried at Digswell church, Hertfordshire.[1] He was succeeded in the Barony by his eldest son William, who was created Viscount Sandhurst in 1917.[1] However, this title became extinct on his death while he was succeeded in the Barony by his younger brother.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Moreman, T. R. (May 2006). "Mansfield, William Rose, first Baron Sandhurst (1819–1876)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17996.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22117. p. 1572. 24 March 1858.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23073. p. 973. 20 February 1866.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23616. p. 2585. 17 May 1870.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23718. p. 1492. 21 March 1871.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Rose
Commander-in-Chief, Bombay Army
1860–1865
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Napier
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Rose
Commander-in-Chief, India
1865–1870
Succeeded by
The Lord Napier
Preceded by
The Lord Strathnairn
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1870–1875
Succeeded by
Sir John Michel
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Sandhurst
1871–1876
Succeeded by
William Mansfield