William Rougham (undated - 1393) was the second master of Gonville Hall, Cambridge (later Gonville and Caius College) from c. 1360. He had been a fellow of the college since the 1350s and was Bachelor of Medicine by 1366. He was also a priest with livings in the Diocese of Norwich and was personal physician to Henry le Despenser, Bishop of Norwich.
Rougham's biggest contribution to the college was the completion of the chapel in 1353 which stood as he had left it for 250 years. The east window and one of the side windows contained, according to John Caius, an inscription reading:
Orate pro anima Willm' de Rougham qui fecit istam capellam fieri.
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