William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie
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William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie (c. 1541 – 1584) known as Lord Ruthven between 1566 and 1581, was a Scottish peer. He was the son of Patrick Ruthven, 3rd Lord Ruthven.
While he was the treasurer of Scotland, he was implicated in the murder of David Rizzio in 1566.
"Raid of Ruthven"
Ruthven is known for devising a plot, known as "the Raid of Ruthven," to seize James VI of Scotland during the kings visit to his home at Hunting-tower Castle. Ruthven was the last-known custodian of the silver casket that contained the Casket Letters; letters said to have been written by Mary,Queen of Scotland whose third husband was James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell.
In 1581 he was named Earl of Gowrie, but all his honours were revoked when he was executed in May 1584. His lands were forfeit and divided among the king's favourites.
James Stewart, Earl of Arran, was given all the land south of the Forth, including [Dirleton Castle].
Marriage and children
William Ruthven married Dorothea Stewart, the oldest daughter of Henry Stewart, 1st Lord Methven and his second wife Janet Stewart. Her maternal grandparents were John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl and Lady Janet Campbell. Janet Campbell was a daughter of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll and Elizabeth Stewart.
William and Dorothea were parents to ten daughters and four sons:
- Jean Ruthven; married James Ogilvy, 6th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie. They were the parents of James Ogilvy, 1st Earl of Airlie.
- Margaret Ruthven; married John Graham, 4th Earl of Montrose. They were the parents of James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose.
- Mary Ruthven; married first John Stewart, 5th Earl of Atholl of the Eighth Creation, secondly John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl of the Ninth Creation and thirdly James Stewart.
- Sophia Ruthven; married Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox.
- Lilian Ruthven; married
- Dorothea Ruthven; married
- Elizabeth Ruthven; married
- Beatrix Ruthven; married
- Barbara Ruthven; married
- Isabel Ruthven; married Sir Robert Gordon of Lochinvar
- James Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie
- John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie
- Patrick Ruthven
- Alexander Ruthven
- William Ruthven (1582 – 1674, Isle of Wight Virginia), portrait of him painted by Adraien Hanneman (b. 1603), so it had to be painted during 1620–1630, for him to be old enough, and accomplished enough to have painted it.
William Ruffin (c. 1583–1654) could be linked to William Ruthven(14). William Ruthven(14) fled to Europe to escape from King James I (James VI of Scotland). William Ruffin of Virginia, having been born sooner than 1603, could be the son of Earl of Gowrie. He died before 1674; his will was probated in 1654, so he would likely have been deceased by this time. A portrait of William Ruffin, attributed to Adraien Hanneman, has a label of "William Ruffin, Esquire / Came to Virginia in July 1635 / Painted in London in 1650 by / Adriaen Hannerman (1601–1671)."
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Bowes Correspondence, Surtees Society, (1942), 236–7, Robert Bowes to Francis Cunningham, 8 November 1982.
- Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland, vol. 8, HMSO, (1982), 360, no. 2091; 369, no. 2150.
- Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. iv, p.422.
- "Ruthven, William (1541?–1584)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New creation||Earl of Gowrie