William Ruto

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His Excellency
William Samoei Ruto
E.G.H.
William Ruto IAEA.png
Deputy President of Kenya
Incumbent
Assumed office
9 April 2013
President Uhuru Kenyatta
Preceded by none)
Minister for Higher Education
In office
21 April 2010 – 19 October 2010
President Mwai Kibaki
Preceded by Sally Kosgei
Minister of Agriculture
In office
17 April 2008 – 21 April 2010
President Mwai Kibaki
Succeeded by Sally Kosgei
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
August 2002 – December 2002
President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi
Assistant Minister in the Office of the President
In office
2002–2002
President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi
Member of the Kenyan Parliament
In office
1997–2013
Constituency Eldoret North
Organising Secretary, Youth for Kanu '92
In office
1992–1992
President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi
Personal details
Born William Kipchirchir Samoei arap Ruto
(1966-12-21) 21 December 1966 (age 47)
Kamagut, Uasin Gishu, Kenya
Nationality Kenyan
Political party URP
Other political
affiliations
KANU
ODM
Jubilee Alliance (2012–present)
Spouse(s) Rachel Chebet (m. 1991)
Children 6.
Alma mater University of Nairobi (BSc)
Website www.williamsamoeiruto.co.ke

William Samoei arap Ruto (born 21 December 1966) is the current Kenyan Deputy President. He is the first holder of that office, having been created by the constitution of 2010. On 4th March 2014, he was elected as Deputy President alongside President Uhuru Kenyatta. They won on a Jubilee Coalition ticket.He had previously served in various ministerial positions including the Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Higher Education. . He was Secretary General of KANU, the former ruling political party, and MP for the defunct Eldoret North Constituency between December 1997 and January 2013. He won the seat in the 1997 Kenyan election after trouncing the former M.P. The Late Hon. Reuben Chesire. He was appointed to the position of Assistant Minister in the Office of the President by President Daniel arap Moi in 1998. He was promoted to be Minister in charge of Home Affairs in August 2002. He also previously served as the Chairman of the Parliamentary Select Committee on Constitutional Reform in the 9th Parliament.

Ruto's case in the International Criminal Court (ICC) is currently at an advanced stage. However, it has been faced with challenges especially concerning withdrawal of key prosecution witnesses.

Early life and education[edit]

Ruto was born 21 December 1966 in Kamagut, Uasin Gishu to the late Mzee Daniel Cheruiyot and Mama Sarah Cheruiyot. He attended Kerotet Primary School for his primary school education then joined Wareng Secondary School for his Ordinary Levels education before proceeding to Kapsabet Boys, Nandi for his Advanced Levels. He then went on to receive a BSc (Botany and Zoology) from the University of Nairobi, graduating in 1990. He was also a member of Christian Union where he served as Chairman. He was ranked the best student in his class. He later enrolled for MSc in Environmental Science, graduating in 2011. He is currently pursuing a PhD from the same University.

Political career[edit]

Ruto was Organising Secretary of Youth for Kanu '92 (YK92), a group that was formed to drum up support for President Daniel arap Moi in the 1992 election.[1]

In January 2006, Ruto declared publicly that he would stand for the presidency in the next general election, scheduled for December 2007. His statement was condemned by some of his KANU colleagues, including former president Moi. Ruto sought the nomination of the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) as its presidential candidate, but in the party's vote on 1 September 2007, he placed third with 368 votes, behind the winner, Raila Odinga (with 2,656 votes) and Musalia Mudavadi (with 391).[2] Ruto expressed his support for Odinga after the vote.[3] He resigned from his post as KANU secretary general on 6 October 2007.[4]

The presidential election of December 2007 ended in an impasse. Kenya's electoral commission declared Kibaki the winner while exit polls had clearly placed Raila Odinga in front. Raila and ODM claimed victory. In a scene that has been replicated all over Africa, Mwai Kibaki was hurriedly sworn in as the president December 2007 presidential election. Following the election and dispute over the result Kenya was engulfed by a violent political crisis. Kibaki and Odinga agreed to form a power-sharing government.[5][6] In the grand coalition Cabinet named on 13 April 2008[6] and sworn in on 17 April,[5] Ruto was appointed as Minister for Agriculture.[6]

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton (center) walks with Kenyan Minister of Agriculture William Ruto (left) and Kenyan environmental and political activist Wangari Maathai (right) during a tour of the Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) near Nairobi, Kenya August 5, 2009.

On 21 April 2010, Ruto was transferred from the agriculture ministry and posted to the higher education ministry, swapping posts with Sally Kosgei.[7] On 24 August 2011, William Ruto was relieved of his ministerial duties, and remaining a member of parliament. He joined hands with Uhuru Kenyatta to form the Jubilee alliance for the 2013 presidential election.

International Criminal Court summons[edit]

In December 2010, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court announced that he was seeking summonses of six people, including Ruto over their involvement in the 2007-8 electoral violence.[8] The ICC's Pre-Trial Chamber subsequently issued a summons for Ruto at the prosecutor's request.[9] Ruto is accused of planning and organising crimes against supporters of President Kibaki's Party of National Unity. He is charged with three counts of crimes against humanity, one of each of murder, forcible transfer of population and persecution. On 23 January 2012, the ICC confirmed the charges against Ruto and Joshua Sang, in a case that also involved Uhuru Kenyatta Francis Muthaura Henry Kosgey and Major General Mohammed Hussein Ali.

He told the American government that the Kiambaa church fire on 1 January 2008 after the 2007 Kenyan general election was accidental.[10]

The Waki Commission report stated in 2009 that "the incident which captured the attention of both Kenyans and the world was the deliberate burning alive of mostly Kikuyu women and children huddled together in a church" in Kiambaa on 1 January 2008.

The death toll was 17 burned alive in the church, 11 dying in or on the way to hospital, and 54 others injured who were treated and discharged.

Controversy[edit]

KPC Ngong Forest Land Scandal[edit]

William Ruto was on trial charged with defrauding the Kenya Pipeline Company (KPC) of huge amounts of money through dubious land deals, but he has been out on bond. The Constitutional Court suspended further hearing of the case due to complaints by Ruto that the prosecution was politically engineered. However, the High Court cleared the path for criminal charges against the Higher Education minister over the alleged sale of a piece of land in Ngong' forest to Kenya Pipeline Company Ltd.[11][12] He was however acquitted of the allegations after a court cleared him of the charges.[13]

Maize Scandal[edit]

In early 2009 after parliamentary debate on a maize scandal, Ruto was accused of illegally selling maize by Ikolomani MP Bonny Khalwale. Fake documents bearing the National Cereals and Produce Board seal that linked Mr Ruto to the illegal sale of maize were rejected by Parliament’s deputy speaker.

William Ruto attributed the maize scandal allegations and claims of his involvement in corruption to the work of his "political enemies".

New Constitution[edit]

While Ruto and Odinga were both from the Orange Democratic Movement of the power-sharing government, they disagreed on the issue of the proposed constitution draft with Ruto calling for rejection of the draft in the upcoming constitutional referendum, arguing that some of its clauses are unsuitable while Odinga and Kibaki campaigned for the constitution which won with a majority

LSK Blacklist[edit]

On 16 January 2012 the Law Society of Kenya(LSK) published information on Ruto as one of the public officials have been mentioned adversely in various reports on issues ranging from corruption to economic crimes. LSK advised voters not to vote those mentioned in the report as they had previously compromised. Despite this negativity, voters overwhelmingly voted in favour of Ruto as a running mate to Uhuru Kenyatta on 4 March 2013. Ruto is currently the serving deputy president of Kenya.

2013 Presidential Election[edit]

He joined hand with Uhuru Kenyatta to form Jubilee Alliance together with Najib Balala and Charity Ngilu. He was chosen as the deputy president.

When the first round of the presidential election took place on 4 March 2013. Uhuru Kenyatta was declared the president-elect of Kenya by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. Raila Odinga challenged this in the Supreme Court of Kenya. He was one of the respondent by virtue of being deputy president elect. The supreme court dismissed the petition on 30 March 2013.

Deputy President Swearing in Ceremony[edit]

After the supreme court dismissed Raila's petition, the swearing in ceremony was held on 9 April 2013. Ruto was sworn in as Deputy President of Kenya. According to Article 141 (2) (b) of the constitution, in case the Supreme Court upholds the victory of the president-elect, the swearing in will take place on "the first Tuesday following the seventh day following the date on which the court renders a decision declaring the election to be valid."[14] The event was held at Kasarani Stadium.

See also[edit]

Presidency of Uhuru Kenyatta

Inauguration of Uhuru Kenyatta

The Kenya Presidential Election Petition 2013

Vice-President of Kenya

President of Kenya

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daily Nation, 18 November 2002: He was first elected as a member of parliament for Eldoret North in 1997 through KANU ticket after defeating the incumbent Reuben Chesire. He previously served as the Secretary-General for KANU following the party’s 2005 national elections till 2007 when he formally quit to join the Orange Democratic Movement Lobby groups resurface to cash in on election euphoria
  2. ^ "It's Raila for President", East African Standard, 1 September 2007.
  3. ^ Maina Muiruri, "ODM ‘pentagon’ promises to keep the team intact", The Standard (Kenya), 2 September 2007.
  4. ^ Daily Nation, 7 October 2007: Ruto abandons Kanu’s top post
  5. ^ a b "Odinga sworn in as Kenya PM", Al Jazeera, 17 April 2008.
  6. ^ a b c Anthony Kariuki, "Kibaki names Raila PM in new Cabinet", nationmedia.com, 13 April 2008.
  7. ^ Kenya's cabinet reshuffled IOL
  8. ^ "Kenya’s post election violence: ICC Prosecutor presents cases against six individuals for crimes against humanity". Encyclopedia of Things. International Criminal Court. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  9. ^ Decision on the Prosecutor's Application for Summons to Appear for William Samoei Ruto, Henry Kiprono Kosgey and Joshua Arap Sang, International Criminal Court Pre-Trial Chamber II, retrieved 12 July 2011 
  10. ^ Ruto explains Kiambaa The Star
  11. ^ The Standard, 2 July 2006: Litany of big money graft cases pending in courts
  12. ^ The Standard, 29 June 2004: Ruto now charged with Sh96m fraud
  13. ^ http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Is+it+a+quick+return+to+the+Cabinet+for+William+Ruto/-/1064/1143476/-/vk0v7e/-/index.html
  14. ^ Inauguration ceremony on 9 April at the Kasarani Stadium

Bibliography[edit]

  • Daily Nation: 21 Jan 2006 William Ruto, 40
  • Daily Nation: 22 Jan 2006: Guilty As Charged: Ruto Confesses His Ambition
  • BBC News, Kenya's political punch-up
  • William Ruto, William Ruto – Profile and Biography