William S. Lind
|William S. Lind|
|Born||9 July 1947|
|Alma mater||Dartmouth College
|Known for||Fourth-generation warfare|
Alongside several U.S. officers, Lind is one of the originators of fourth-generation war (4GW) theory. This theory states that the state has effectively lost its monopoly on warfare, and seeks to address the new challenges posed by this situation. The root of this new phenomenon is the "State's Crisis of Legitimacy," which is also linked to Lind's work at the Center for Cultural Conservatism.
Lind served as a legislative aide for the armed services for Senator Robert Taft, Jr., of Ohio from 1973 through 1976 and held a similar position with Senator Gary Hart of Colorado from 1977 through 1986. He is the author of the Maneuver Warfare Handbook (Westview Press, 1985) and co-author, with Gary Hart, of America Can Win: The Case for Military Reform.
According to writer Robert Coram in his book Boyd, during lectures on maneuver warfare Lind was sometimes criticized for having never served in the military, for having "never dodged a bullet, he had never led men in combat, he had never even worn a uniform and clearly spending way too much time playing Call of Duty: Modern Warfare". Coram writes that when challenged by an officer, Lind "dropped to his knees." (Coram 383)
Center for Cultural Conservatism
Lind was formerly the Director of the Center for Cultural Conservatism at the Free Congress Foundation. He advocates a Declaration of Cultural Independence by cultural Conservatives in the United States, in the belief that the federal government ceased to represent their interests and began to coerce them into negative behavior and affect their culture in a negative fashion. The center believes that American culture and its institutions are headed for a collapse and that cultural Conservatives should separate themselves from the calamity that it foresees. It supports setting up independent parallel institutions with a right to secession and a highly decentralized nature that would rely on individual responsibility and discipline to remain intact, but would prevent the takeover of the institutions by those hostile to cultural conservatism's ideals.
Lind has authored and co-authored (with Paul Weyrich) a number of monographs on behalf of the Free Congress Foundation attempting to persuade American Conservatives to support government funding for mass transit programs, especially rail transit. He was Associate Publisher of a quarterly magazine called The New Electric Railway Journal from its launch in 1988 until 1996, and starting in January 1994 he also co-hosted a monthly program about light rail on the National Empowerment Television network; the program used the same name as the magazine.
As a paleoconservative, Lind has often criticized neoconservatives in his commentaries. While not a Anarchist, he has also written for LewRockwell.com. He is a self-proclaimed conservative and monarchist.
In his On War column of December 15, 2009, Lind announced that he was leaving the staff of the Center unexpectedly and that his series of On War articles was on hiatus for the moment. "Once I am re-established, either with a new institution or in retirement, I intend to re-start the column. When that will be I do not know. It also depends on obtaining connection to a telegraph line, which is not available everywhere."
However, he has recommenced his On War column with the American Conservative magazine.
Mr. Lind has started a new column on military affairs, "The View From Olympus," at TraditionalRight.com.
Bill Berkowitz, in an article for the Southern Poverty Law Center, described William Lind as the one person "who has done the most to define the enemies who make up the so-called 'cultural Marxists.'", being a leading proponent of the Frankfurt School conspiracy theory. According to the SPLC, in 1999 Lind wrote, "The real damage to race relations in the South came, not from slavery, but Reconstruction, which would not have occurred if the South had won."
Journalist Thomas E. Ricks in The Atlantic Monthly asserts that Lind's rhetoric differs from what Ricks calls "standard right-wing American rhetoric of the '90s" because Lind suggests that the "next real war we fight is likely to be on American soil."
Author Fareed Zakaria criticizes Lind in his book, The Future of Freedom. On page 123, Zakaria states, "There are those in the West who agree with bin Laden that Islam is the reason for the Middle East's turmoil. Preachers such as Pat Robertson and Jerry Falwell and writers such as Paul Johnson and William Lind have made the case that Islam is a religion of repression and backwardness."
- William S. Lind, Colonel Keith Nightengale (USA), Captain John F. Schmitt (USMC), Colonel Joseph W. Sutton (USA), Lieutenant Colonel Gary I. Wilson (USMCR) (October 1989). "The Changing Face of War: Into the Fourth Generation". Marine Corps Gazette.
- Lind, William. A Tea Party Defense Budget, The American Conservative (February 2011)
- Kunz, Richard R. (Spring 1996). "From the Editor: Cutting the Cord". The New Electric Railway Journal, p. 2.
- "Watch our trolleys take to the air". The New Electric Railway Journal, Spring 1994, p. 31.
- William S. Lind (2006). "The Prussian Monarchy Stuff". LewRockwell.com (Center for Libertarian Studies).
- William S. Lind (2006). "Why We Still Fight". LewRockwell.com (Center for Libertarian Studies).
- Bill Berkowitz (2003). "Reframing the Enemy". Southern Poverty Law Center.
- Chip Berlet (2003). "Into the Mainstream". Southern Poverty Law Center.
- Thomas E. Ricks (July 1997). "The Widening Gap Between the Military and Society". The Atlantic Online.
- William S. Lind at TraditionalRight
- William Lind at Lew Rockwell.com: Archives
- The Origins of Political Correctness by William S. Lind
- Rage Against the Machine by William S. Lind
- Declaration of Cultural Independence
- Military.com mini-bio of William S. Lind