William Shiels

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William Shiels
16Williamshiels.jpg
16th Premier of Victoria
In office
16 February 1892 – 23 January 1893
Preceded by James Munro
Succeeded by James Patterson
Personal details
Born 3 December 1848
Maghera, Derry, Ireland
Died 17 December 1904(1904-12-17) (aged 56)
Straun House Naracoourte South Australia
Nationality Australian
Spouse(s) Jane
Religion Presbyterian

William Shiels (3 December 1848 – 17 December 1904) was an Australian colonial-era politician, serving as the 16th Premier of Victoria.

Biography[edit]

Shiels was born in Derry, County Londonderry, [1] Ireland of a Presbyterian family and arrived in Melbourne as a child in 1853. He was educated at Scotch College and the University of Melbourne, where he graduated in law and arts, gaining a masters degree in law in 1885. He was called to the Melbourne bar in 1872 and was also active in public life, being a noted campaigner for divorce law reform.

Shiels was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly for Normanby in 1880, as a moderate liberal, holding that seat throughout his career. He was Attorney-General and Minister for Railways in the government of James Munro from 1890 to 1892. During this time Shiels was one of the few politicians to warn against the excesses of the Land Boom which swept Victoria between 1887 and 1891. As a result, when Munro suddenly resigned in the face of imminent bankruptcy in February 1892, the liberals turned to Shiels as a "clean" new leader, and he became Premier.

The Shiels government responded to the financial disaster of the 1892 crash in the orthodox fashion of the time, cutting spending and increasing taxation to balance the budget – measures which only made the situation worse. The conservatives who had supported the coalition governments of Duncan Gillies and Munro opposed increased taxation, and during 1892 they deserted Shiels. In January 1893 the conservative leader James Patterson moved a successful no-confidence motion, and Shiels resigned.

Shiels stayed in politics and kept his reputation for integrity. He was Treasurer under Allan McLean (1899–1900) and William Irvine (1902–1903) and Minister for Railways (1903–1904). In 1904, however, his health broke down and he retired to rural South Australia shortly before his death, aged only 56. Shiels is buried at Straun House which is located on the Dukes HWY 10 km out of Naracoourte in South Australias South East.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Serle, Geoffrey. "Shiels, William (1848–1904)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
Bibliography
  • Geoff Browne, A Biographical Register of the Victorian Parliament, 1900-84, Government Printer, Melbourne, 1985
  • Don Garden, Victoria: A History, Thomas Nelson, Melbourne, 1984
  • Kathleen Thompson and Geoffrey Serle, A Biographical Register of the Victorian Parliament, 1856-1900, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1972
  • Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel. A History of the Parliament of Victoria, 1856-1990, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1992
  • Serle, Percival (1949). "Shiels, William". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. 
Parliament of Victoria
Preceded by
William Tytherleigh
Member for Normanby
1880–1904
Succeeded by
Electorate abolished
Preceded by
James Munro
Premier of Victoria
1892-1893
Succeeded by
James Patterson