William Strong (judge)

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William Strong
William Strong judge - Brady-Handy.jpg
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
In office
February 18, 1870[1] – December 14, 1880
Nominated by Ulysses S. Grant
Preceded by Robert Cooper Grier
Succeeded by William Burnham Woods
Personal details
Born (1808-05-06)May 6, 1808
Somers, Connecticut
Died August 19, 1895(1895-08-19) (aged 87)
Lake Minnewassa, New York

William Strong (May 6, 1808 – August 19, 1895) was an American jurist and politician. He was a justice on the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania and an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States.

Early life[edit]

Strong was born in Connecticut and later moved to Pennsylvania. He was the cousin of U.S. Representative Theron Rudd Strong of New York. William Strong attended the Munson Academy in Massachusetts, and graduated from Yale University in 1828 Phi Beta Kappa[2] before starting his legal practice in Reading, Pennsylvania.

House of Representatives[edit]

In 1846, Strong was elected to the United States House of Representatives as an abolitionist Democrat. Strong served two terms in the House, and was the chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Elections during his second term. He did not seek reelection in 1850, but returned to private practice.

Judicial Service[edit]

Supreme Court of Pennsylvania[edit]

Strong was elected to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in 1857 as a Democrat. Strong switched to the Republican Party soon after taking the bench. He resigned from the court in 1868 to return to a lucrative private practice in Philadelphia.

United States Supreme Court[edit]

When Justice Robert C. Grier retired from the U.S. Supreme Court, Strong was suggested as a possible replacement. However, President Ulysses S. Grant was heavily lobbied to nominate former Secretary of War Edwin Stanton. Stanton was nominated, and confirmed by the United States Senate, but he died just four days later without having served on the Court. Grant then nominated Strong, who was confirmed without a recorded vote and was sworn in on March 14, 1870. Justice Strong wrote the opinion for an early equal protection case in Strauder v. West Virginia, 100 U.S. 303 (1879).

1876 Election[edit]

Strong was one of five Supreme Court Justices who sat on the Electoral Commission that was convened to resolve the disputed electoral votes in the U.S. presidential election of 1876. Strong voted along with his fellow Republicans, who held the majority on the Commission, to award every disputed vote to Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican candidate, thus ensuring his presidency.

Strong served on the Supreme Court until December 14, 1880, when he retired despite still being in good health, partly to set an example to several infirm justices who refused to give up their seats. Strong resumed the practice of law and pursued religious causes until his death, at Lake Minnewassa[3] in Ulster County, New York, on August 19, 1895. He was interred in Charles Evans Cemetery in Reading, Pennsylvania. The Historical Society of Berks County has in its collection a few pieces relating to Justice Strong.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Ritter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district

1847–1851
Succeeded by
J. Glancy Jones
Legal offices
Preceded by
Robert Cooper Grier
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
February 18, 1870 – December 14, 1880
Succeeded by
William Burnham Woods