William T. Vollmann
|William T. Vollmann|
Vollmann in 2006
July 28, 1959 |
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Occupation||novelist, journalist, short story writer, essayist|
|Genre||Literary fiction, historical fiction|
|Subject||War, violence, science, human compassion|
William Tanner Vollmann (born July 28, 1959) is an American novelist, journalist, war correspondent, short story writer, and essayist. He won the 2005 National Book Award for Fiction for the novel Europe Central. He lives in Sacramento, California, with his wife and daughter.
William Vollmann was born in Los Angeles and lived there for five years. He attended public high school in Bloomington, Indiana, and has also lived in New Hampshire, New York, and the San Francisco Bay Area. His father was Thomas E. Vollmann, a business professor at Indiana University. When he was nine years old, Vollmann's six-year-old sister drowned in a pond while under his supervision, and he felt responsible for her death. According to him, this loss has influenced much of his work.
Vollmann lives in Sacramento, California, with his wife, who is a radiation oncologist, and their daughter.
Vollmann worked odd jobs, including a post as a secretary at an insurance company, and saved up enough money to go to Afghanistan in 1982. During this trip, he sought to gather information and images that could determine the most deserving candidates for American aid. He eventually foisted himself upon a group of mujahideen heading for the front lines. He saw battle with the soldiers, who were engaged in warfare with the Soviet Union at the time, before he came down with dysentery and had to be dragged through the Hindu Kush mountains. His experiences on this trip inspired his first non-fiction book, An Afghanistan Picture Show, or, How I Saved the World, which was not published until 1992.
Upon his return to the USA, Vollmann started work as a computer programmer, even though he had virtually no experience with computers. According to a New York Times Magazine profile by the novelist Madison Smartt Bell, for a year Vollmann wrote much of his first novel, You Bright and Risen Angels, after hours on office computers, and subsisted on candy bars from vending machines and hiding from the janitorial staff.
In addition to full-length (and notably lengthy) books, Vollmann has written articles and had stories published in Harper's, Playboy, Conjunctions, Spin Magazine, Esquire, The New Yorker, Gear, and Granta. He has also contributed to The New York Times Book Review. Vollmann identifies as a "hack journalist"; he often does travel writing and reportage while doing research for his larger fiction or non-fiction projects. Both genres have a hybridized and journalistic feel.[according to whom?]
In November 2003 (after many delays), his book Rising Up and Rising Down was published. It is a 3,300-page, heavily illustrated, seven-volume treatise on violence. It was nominated for the National Book Critics Circle Award. A single-volume condensed version was published at the end of the following year by Ecco Press. Vollmann justified the abridgment, saying, "I did it for the money." Rising Up and Rising Down represents more than 20 years of work in which he tries to establish a moral calculus to consider the causes, effects, and ethics of violence. Vollmann based it on his reporting from places of warfare, including Cambodia, Somalia, and Iraq.
Vollmann's other works often deal with the settlement of North America (as in Seven Dreams: A Book of North American Landscapes, a cycle of seven novels); or stories of people (often prostitutes) on the margins of war, poverty, and hope. His novel Europe Central (2005) follows the trajectories of a wide range of characters (including the Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich) caught up in the fighting between Germany and the Soviet Union. It won the 2005 National Book Award for Fiction.
In 2008, Vollmann was awarded a five-year fellowship/grant from the Strauss Living Award, which provides $50,000 a year, tax free. In 2009, Vollmann published Imperial, a nonfiction account of life in Imperial County, California, on the border of Mexico.
As of 2007, Vollmann was writing ghost and supernatural stories for a collection to be published by Viking ("Widow’s Weeds" was published in AGNI #66 in 2007). He was also working on the fourth and fifth volumes of the Seven Dreams series. In interviews, he has mentioned a book about abortion called The Shame of Our Youth, as well as a study on rape cases in court.
In his personal life, Vollmann – who eschews not only the fame of authorship but also cellphones, credit cards, and other modern age touchstones – has sometimes been characterized as a misanthrope, even a Luddite. In a 2013 Harper's essay, "Life as a Terrorist", Vollmann revealed how the perception of "anti-progress, anti-industrialist themes" in his early writings had changed his life. Utilizing official files obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, the essay details Vollmann's investigation by the FBI as a suspect in the mid-1990s Unabomber case. Though he was cleared, Vollman describes a lifetime of unabating negative repercussions from his permanent classified record.
Full-length critical essays about Vollmann's work have been published in Review of Contemporary Fiction, Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction, BookForum, Open Letters Monthly, and Science Fiction Studies. In 2010, the German magazine 032c dedicated 40 pages of its 19th issue to Vollmann, and featured a rare interview with the author in addition to reprinted texts.
Michael Hemmingson co-edited, with Larry McCaffery, Expelled from Eden: A WTV Reader (NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2004) and published William T. Vollmann: A Critical Study and Seven Interviews (Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Co) in 2009.
"William T. Vollmann: A Critical Companion" edited by Christopher K. Coffman and Daniel Lukes, and including contributions from Larry McCaffery, Jonathan Franzen, Michael Hemmingson, James Franco, Carla Bolte, and others, will be published by the University of Delaware in October, 2014.
Novels and collections
- You Bright and Risen Angels (1987)
- The Rainbow Stories (1989) (collection)
- 13 Stories and 13 Epitaphs (1991) (collection)
- The Atlas (1996) (collection)
- Europe Central (2005)
- Last Stories and Other Stories (2014) (collection)
- How You Are (forthcoming)
Seven Dreams series
- The Ice-Shirt (1990) (Volume One)
- Fathers and Crows (1992) (Volume Two)
- The Rifles (1994) (Volume Six)
- Argall: The True Story of Pocahontas and Captain John Smith (2001) (Volume Three)
- The Dying Grass (2015) (Volume Five)
The "Prostitution Trilogy"
- An Afghanistan Picture Show: Or, How I Saved the World (1992)
- Rising Up and Rising Down: Some Thoughts on Violence, Freedom and Urgent Means (2003)
- Uncentering the Earth: Copernicus and the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (2006) (Part of the "Great Discoveries" series)
- Poor People (2007)
- Riding Toward Everywhere (2008)
- Imperial (2009)
- Kissing the Mask: Beauty, Understatement and Femininity in Japanese Noh Theater (2010)
- Into the Forbidden Zone: A Trip Through Hell and High Water in Post-Earthquake Japan (2011) (eBook)
- The Book of Dolores (2013)
Unpublished and rare works
- The Song of Heaven: Grammar and Rhetoric in Literature and Political Action (1981)
- Welcome to the Memoirs (autobiography, later reworked as An Afghanistan Picture Show) (1983)
- The Convict Bird: A Children’s Poem (1988) (bound with steel plates)
- The Happy Girls (book)|The Happy Girls (1990) (hand-painted and bound with metal plates, later included in 13 Stories and 13 Epitaphs)
- Wordcraft (book)|Wordcraft: Hints and Notes (circa 1990) (writer's handbook)
- The Grave of Lost Stories (1993) (bound in steel and marble box, originally included in 13 Stories and 13 Epitaphs)
- Burning Songs (book)|Burning Songs (circa 2000) (poems)
- The Book of Candles (1995-2008) (ten poems, in wooden box)
- "National Book Awards – 2005". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-27.
(With acceptance speech by Vollmann, introduction by Andre Dubus III, essay by Tom LeClair from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog, and other material.)
- Yudt, Dennis (November 8, 2010). "William T. Vollmann: Darkness and Light". Midtown Monthly. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- Bell, Madison Smartt (Fall 2000). "William T. Vollmann, The Art of Fiction No. 163". The Paris Review, no. 156. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Interview: "William T. Vollman", KCRW, 11 April 2004
- Bush, Ben (2006-03-30). "An Interview With Creative Nonfiction Writer William T. Vollmann". Poets & Writers. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
- Braverman, Kate (2005). "An Interview with William T. Vollmann". Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- 032c.com. "WILLIAM T. VOLLMANN: Conflict, Compassion and the Process of Understanding". Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- Bell, Madison Smartt (1994-02-06). "WILLIAM T. VOLLMANN". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- Wood, Michael (15 December 2005). "Parables of a Violent World". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
- Ross, Steven. "A MODEST IMPERIALIST: William T. Vollmann". The Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
- "Kissing the Mask: Beauty, Understatement, and Femininity in Japanese Noh Theater". Amazon.com. c. 2009. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
- "AGNI 66 Table of Contents (2007)". AGNI Online. Boston University. c. 2008. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
- William T. Vollmann: A Critical Study and Seven Interviews. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, 2009
- "William T. Vollmann papers", Rare Books & Manuscripts Library, Ohio State University
- Lai, Jennifer (August 2013). "How the FBI's Poor Reading Skills Led It to Suspect an Acclaimed Author Was the Unabomber". Slate. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
- Vollmann, William T. (September 2013). "Life as a Terrorist: Undercovering My FBI File". Harper's (Harper's Foundation) 327 (1960): 39–47. Retrieved 6 December 2013.(subscription required)
- "William T. Vollmann Against the Tyrannical World", 032c, issue 19 (Summer 2010).
- Vollmann, William T. (2012-10-15). "The Forgetful Ghost". Vice. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
- Cohen, Joshua (2013-10-15). "Do Ya Think I’m Sexy? William T. Vollmann Dresses In Drag, Finds His Feminist Side". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
- Hemmingson, Michael A., "William T. Vollmann: A Critical Study and Seven Interviews" (McFarland, 2009), p. 63
- William T. Vollmann: A Critical Study and Seven Interviews - Michael A. Hemmingson - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
- Interviewed by Madison Smartt Bell. "The Art of Fiction No. 163, William T. Vollmann". Paris Review. Retrieved 2012-08-01. This was submitted to Steven Moore at Dalkey Archive Press circa 1990; Moore liked it, but publisher John O'Brien turned it down.
- Interview by Terri Saul Tags: William T. Vollmann. "A Day at William T. Vollmann’s Studio". Quarterly Conversation. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
- Profile of Vollmann in the New York Review of Books, December 2005
- TimeOut New York interview
- "Seeing Eye to Eye", Vollmann on ethics in photography, in Bookforum, Feb/Mar
- Critical essay on Vollmann at Open Letters
- William Vollmann’s Burqa by Guy Reynolds, on Vollmann's "literary globalism."
- Madison Smartt Bell (Fall 2000). "William T. Vollmann, The Art of Fiction No. 163". The Paris Review.
- In Conversation: A Modern Imperialist: William T. Vollmann, The Brooklyn Rail
- You Are Now Entering the Demented Kingdom of William T. Vollmann, The New Republic, July 24, 2014.