William Chase Taubman (born November 13, 1940 in New York City) is an American political scientist. His biography of Nikita Khrushchev won the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 2004 and the National Book Critics Circle Award for Biography in 2003.
He is a graduate of the Bronx High School of Science and received a B.A. from Harvard University in 1962; an M.A. from Columbia University in 1965; a Certificate of the Russian Institute, 1965; and Ph.D., Columbia University, 1969.
He is currently Bertrand Snell Professor of Political Science at Amherst College. His wife, Jane A. Taubman, is a professor of Russian at Amherst College.
He was the recipient of a 2006 Guggenheim fellowship.
He is the brother of diplomatic journalist Philip Taubman.