William Weigel

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William Weigel
William Weigel.jpg
Major General William Weigel
Nickname(s) Billy
Born (1863-08-25)August 25, 1863
New Brunswick, New Jersey
Died March 4, 1936(1936-03-04) (aged 72)
New York City
Place of Burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service 1887–1927
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held Second Infantry Regiment
First Infantry Regiment
151st Depot Brigade
76th Division
56th Infantry Brigade
88th Division
Seventeenth Infantry Regiment
Philippine Division
Battles/wars

Spanish-American War
Philippine-American War
World War I

Awards Distinguished Service Medal

William Weigel (August 25, 1863 – March 4, 1936) was an American general, known for commanding the 88th Division in World War I.

Early career[edit]

William Weigel was born August 25, 1863 in New Brunswick, New Jersey, where he grew up and attended school. He graduated from the United States Military Academy with the class of 1887, ranking 27th in his class.[1][2] Upon graduation, Weigel was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Eleventh Infantry and posted at Madison Barracks, Sackets Harbor, New York. In September 1893, he and his regiment were transferred to Whipple Barracks near Prescott, Arizona, where he led a company of Apache Indian scouts. In April 1894, he joined the military staff at West Point as assistant to the quartermaster.[3]

At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Weigel became a captain of Volunteers, and joined the New York State Volunteers as quartermaster and mustering officer at Camp Black, on Long Island, New York. He later served as aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Alexander Pennington, and also established what was to become Camp Wikoff at Montauk Point, New York. In December 1898, he was sent to Havana, Cuba as assistant to the Chief Quartermaster for the Division of Cuba. In January 1900, he returned to the Eleventh Infantry at the regular army rank of captain as regimental quartermaster, and went with the regiment to San Juan, Puerto Rico. The regiment returned to the United States in December 1900, and was posted at Washington Barracks.[2][3][4]

In April 1901, the Eleventh Infantry was sent to the Philippines, where Weigel became quartermaster for the 1st District of the Department of Visayas, quartermaster for the 6th Separate Brigade campaigning in the field on the island of Samar, and then chief quartermaster for the Surigao Expedition on Mindanao. In August 1903, he was sent to Fort Sheridan, Illinois, serving there as Constructing Quartermaster until September 1907, when he was transferred to the Eighteenth Infantry at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He served with this regiment at Camp Keithley, Mindanao from October, 1907 to November, 1909 when the regiment was sent to Fort Mackenzie, Wyoming.[4]

Weigel was promoted to major in March 1910, and assigned to the Second Infantry at Fort Thomas, Kentucky. In September 1910 he was assigned to recruiting duty in Philadelphia. He was then sent to the Twenty-Third Infantry at Fort Benjamin Harrison in April 1912. The regiment was dispatched to Texas City, Texas in response to events in Mexico (see United States involvement in the Mexican Revolution), and Weigel served there until February 1914. At that time, he was assigned as an inspector and instructor for the National Guard of the State of New York, where he served for eighteen months, before returning to the Twenty-Third Infantry, which by that time was stationed at Fort Crockett on Galveston Island in Texas. In April 1916, Weigel returned to the Second Infantry, now at Fort Shafter, Hawaii, where by June 1916, he had been promoted to lieutenant colonel. He took command of the regiment in March 1917, and was promoted to colonel in May 1917. From July to September 1917 he was in command of the First Infantry at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.[5]

World War I[edit]

On August 5, 1917 Weigel was appointed a Brigadier General in the National Army and given command of the 151st Depot Brigade, a part of the 76th Division stationed at Camp Devens, Massachusetts. He commanded the 76th Division from December 17, 1917 to March 14, 1918.[1][5]

He was next given command of the 56th Infantry Brigade of the Pennsylvania National Guard's 28th Division, which arrived in France on May 14, 1917 and began five weeks of training with British and French forces before going into the line at Château-Thierry and participating in the Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, and Oise-Aisne campaigns. In recognition of his service during this period, Weigel was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and Croix de guerre with palm.[6]

Weigel was promoted to Major General on August 8, 1918 and took command of the Eighty-Eighth Division on September 10. The division relieved a French division in a relatively quiet sector of Haute-Alsace before taking part in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign from November 6–11.[5] The division remained in France through May 1919 before returning to the United States, where it was demobilized in June.[2][7]

Post-war career[edit]

Weigel returned to his Regular Army rank of Colonel on June 15, 1919, commanding the Seventeenth Infantry at Camp Meade, Maryland to August 22 when he began serving as Chief of Staff for the Second Corps Area at Governor's Island. On March 5, 1921 he was promoted to Brigadier General and given command of the 2nd Brigade of the 1st Division at Camp Dix, which he held until February 1922 when he became the Deputy Commander of XII Corps, based in New York City. He was promoted to Major General on November 20, 1924 and sent to Fort William McKinley in the Philippines to command the Philippine Division. In March 1927 he returned to the United States and served as head of Public Relations for the Army in the headquarters of the Second Corps Area until his retirement on August 25, 1927.[7]

Later life and legacy[edit]

William Weigel died at Governors Island, New York on March 4, 1936 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.[1]

The USS General William Weigel is named for him.[8]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Association of Graduates (1936). Sixty-Seventh Annual Report of the Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, June 11, 1936. Newburgh, New York: Moore Printing Co., Inc. p. 155. 
  2. ^ a b c 88th Division (1919). The 88th Division in the World War of 1914-1918. New York City: Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Company. p. 37. 
  3. ^ a b Cullum, George W. (1901). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, New York Since Its Establishment in 1802, Supplement, Volume IV 1890-1900. Edward S. Holden, ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Riverside Press. p. 448. 
  4. ^ a b Cullum, George W. (1910). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, New York Since Its Establishment in 1802, Supplement, Volume V 1900-1910. Charles Braden, ed. Saginaw, Michigan: Seemann & Peters, Printers. p. 407. 
  5. ^ a b c Cullum, George W. (1920). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, New York Since Its Establishment in 1802, Supplement, Volume VI-A 1910-1920. Wirt Robinson, ed. Saginaw, Michigan: Seemann & Peters, Printers. pp. 466–467. 
  6. ^ Weldon, James L. (1921). "The Fifty-Sixth Infantry Brigade". In Clement, Charles L., ed. Pennsylvania in the World War: An Illustrated History of the Twenty-Eighth Division. Vol II. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: States Publications Society. pp. 452–464. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  7. ^ a b Cullum, George W. (1930). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, New York Since Its Establishment in 1802, Supplement, Volume VII 1920-1930. William H. Donaldson, ed. Chicago, Illinois: The Lakeside Press. pp. 258–259. 
  8. ^ "General William Weigel". DANFS Online. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 

External links[edit]