William White (architect)

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White, in about 1900

William White, FSA (1825–1900) was an English architect, noted for his part in 19th century Gothic Revival architecture and church restorations. He was the son of a clergyman and great nephew of the writer and naturalist, Gilbert White of Selborne.

After a five-year apprenticeship in Leamington Spa he moved to London as an improver in George Gilbert Scott's practice where he remained for two years before setting up his own practice in Truro in 1847. In 1851 he returned to London and worked out of Wimpole Street. His style was close to that of William Butterfield and he built many churches.

Works[edit]

Cornwall[edit]

St Michael's parish church, Baldhu
  • St Michael's parish church, Baldhu, (new build) 1848[1]
  • Maryfield House, Antony, near Torpoint, (school, house and vicarage) 1848[2]
  • Bank and Solicitors Offices, Truro, (new commercial premises for the Cornish Bank and solicitors offices). Now Charlotte's Tea House and Pizza Express 1849[1]
  • St Gerrent, Gerrans, (rebuild apart from tower and spire) 1850[1]

Devon[edit]

Holy Trinity parish church, Barnstaple
  • Bishop’s Court, in Sowton. This former bishop's palace was remodeled in the 1860s, this was considered by English Heritage[8] to be one of White's most important domestic buildings' for here he carefully designed the fittings and much of the furniture, with exceptional attention to detail, specifically for the house.[9]
  • St Michael's parish church, Clyst Honiton
  • St Nicholas & St Giles parish church, Sidmouth
  • Holy Trinity parish church, Barnstaple, 1867
  • St Mary's parish church, Upton Pyne, alterations 1874–75[10]
  • St Michael and All Angels parish church, Cadbury, Devon, restoration in 1857 [11]
  • St John the Baptist parish church, Instow, restored 1872–73[12]
  • St Peter's parish church, Shirwell, heavily restored 1880s[13]
  • Holy Trinity parish church, West Down, restored 1874[14]
  • Dartington Hall, South Hams, remodelled and extended again in about 1860 [15]
  • Winscott House, Peters Marland, 1865 for John Curzon Moore-Stevens, Esq.[16]
  • St Peter's parish church, Peters Marland, 1865, financed by John Curzon Moore-Stevens, Esq., of Winscott House. Rebuilding of nave and chancel, ancient tower unaltered. Tiles on chancel floor bear date 1865 with arms of Stevens.[16]

Essex[edit]

Hampshire[edit]

London[edit]

St Marks, Battersea Rise

Oxfordshire[edit]

Surrey[edit]

Sussex[edit]

Other counties in England[edit]

Ireland[edit]

White's contemporaries in the Gothic Revival[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hunter, Gill (2010). William White. Pioneer Victorian Architect. Reading: Spire Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-904965-26-8. 
  2. ^ "Maryfield House". Images of England. English Heritage. 
  3. ^ "Bank House". Images of England. English Heritage. 
  4. ^ "St Columb Major Rectory". Images of England. English Heritage. 
  5. ^ "Rosemellyn House". Images of England. English Heritage. 
  6. ^ "St Ive Rectory". Images of England. English Heritage. 
  7. ^ "Little Petherick Church". Images of England. English Heritage. 
  8. ^ "Bishop's Court". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 11 November 1952. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Bishops Court - About the House". Angelfire.com. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Church of St Mary". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "Church of St Michael and All Angels". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "Church of St John the Baptist, Rectory Lane". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  13. ^ "Church of St Peter". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  14. ^ "Church of Holy Trinity, Churchpool". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  15. ^ "Old Postern, Dartington, South Hams, Devon". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  16. ^ a b Lauder, Rosemary (2005). Vanished Houses of North Devon. Tiverton: Winscott House. pp. 54–55. 
  17. ^ "The impact of the proposed expansion of Southend Airport on nearby parish churches" (PDF). The impact of airport expansion proposals on parish churches. Church Buildings Council of the Church of England. July 2009. pp. 53–59. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  18. ^ "Christ Church, Freemantle, Southampton". Hampshire County Council. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  19. ^ "Selborne, Hampshire - St Mary's Church". The Astoft Collection of Buildings of England. Astoft. 2001. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  20. ^ "lyndchur". Southernlife.org.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  21. ^ "Church of St Mark, Battersea Rise, SW11". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  22. ^ "Church of St Saviour, Aberdeen Park". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  23. ^ "All Saints Church, Clydesdale Road W11". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  24. ^ "Church of St Michael, Cobham Close SW11". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  25. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 711.
  26. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 548.
  27. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 705.
  28. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 617.
  29. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 605.
  30. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 842.
  31. ^ "Church of Saint Giles, Main Street". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 8 December 1955. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  32. ^ Nairn, Ian; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1971) [1962]. Surrey. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 244. SBN 14-071021-3. 
  33. ^ Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. p. 39. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1. 
  34. ^ English Heritage. "The Parish Church of St Peter and St Paul  (Grade I) (1354665)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  35. ^ "Littlehampton - St Mary". sussexparishchurches.org. April 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  36. ^ Allison, KJ (editor); Baggs, AP; Kent, GHR; Purdy, JD (1976). Elvington. "A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 3: Ouse and Derwent wapentake, and part of Harthill wapentake". Victoria County History. pp. 12–17. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  37. ^ Nutton, V (2009). St Leonard's Church Sandridge, A Tour of the Building and its History. [page needed]
  38. ^ Professor Mark Girouard acknowledges Humewood as "the finest and most important 19th century castellated mansion in Ireland"[citation needed]

Sources[edit]