William Winter (chess player)
|Full name||William Winter|
11 September 1898|
|Died||18 December 1955
William Winter (11 September 1898 – 18 December 1955) was a British chess player. He won the British Open Chess Championship in 1934 and the British Chess Championship in 1935 and 1936. An acolyte of Siegbert Tarrasch, his sound, strategic play enabled him to defeat a number of the world's top players, including David Bronstein, Aron Nimzowitsch and Milan Vidmar. Unfortunately, his health and tactical play were insufficiently strong to enable him to repeat these victories on a consistent basis.
Life and career 
Winter was a widely respected author of chess books and was a nephew of J. M. Barrie, the creator of Peter Pan. Winter was also a Communist. His over-the-board and real-life characters were in stark contrast to each other. Harry Golombek described his play as "classic, scientific and sober; away from the board, he was revolutionary, illogically moved by his emotions (he contrived to be both a fervent communist and a staunch patriot) and, more often than not, drunk."
Winter has the distinction of being the only British Champion to have served time in prison (for his political activities). His memoirs were serialised in CHESS magazine in the late 1950s.
Books by Winter 
- Chess for Match Players, originally published in 1936 by Lawrence & Wishart; re-published in 1951 by Carroll and Nicholson and in 1965 by Dover Publications.
- Kings of Chess ISBN 4871878287
- The World Chess Championship : 1951; Botvinnik v. Bronstein. with Robert Wade (chess player), ISBN 4871878295
- Sunnucks, pp. 526-27
- Golombek, Harry, ed. (1981), The Penguin Encyclopaedia of Chess, Penguin Books, ISBN 978-0-14-046452-8 - pg. 509
- Sunnucks, Anne (1970), The Encyclopaedia of Chess, St. Martins Press, ISBN 978-0-7091-4697-1