William de Roumare, Earl of Lincoln

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William de Romare (born c. 1096) (also Roumare or Romayre or Romay), 1st Earl of Lincoln, 2nd Baron of Kendall, Lord of Bolingbroke.

He was the son of Roger FitzGerold (de Roumare), 1st Baron of Kendall, Lord of Bolingbroke and Lucy, widow of Ivo de Taillebois (granddaughter of the Earl of Marcia and Ælfgifu Princess of England, daughter of King Ethelred II of England). He followed his father as Lord of Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire. He was half-brother to Ranulf of Chester.

In Normandy, he was Seigneur (Lord) of Roumare.

He was created Earl of Lincoln by King Stephen after 1143. The Earl lived at both Bolingbroke and Lincoln Castle.

He was the ducal constable of the fortress of Neufmarche, stoutly resisting Hugh de Gournay, then in rebellion there, in 1118 in Normandy.

Family and children[edit]

He married Hawise de Reviers, sister of Baldwin de Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon (Reviers) and had known children:

  1. William (Helie) de Roumare, married Agnes de Aumale. They had a son William de Roumare who married twice and died without issue.

(Some genealogies have a reference to a daughter Rohese de Roumare, married to a Roger FitzReinfride. There is, however, no reference to any children other than William in the historical records, and the wife of Roger FitzReinfride is unknown. Other genealogies have reference to a second daughter, Hawise de Roumare, but again there is no reference to any children other than William in the historical records. References exist as late as 1161 to "Hadewysia comitissa de Rumara" (Hawise Countess of Rumara [Reveirs]) but these are referring to Hawise de Reviers the widow of William de Roumare. Even the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust on their web-site British History Online refer to Hawise de Reviers as Hawise de Roumare, Countess of Lincoln.[1])

In Literature[edit]

William of Roumare is the man who attracts two young men from Shrewsbury to the cause of him and his brother in The Devil's Novice by Ellis Peters.

References[edit]

  • [S209] Somerset Herald J.R. Planché, The Conqueror and His Companions (London, England: Tinsley Brothers, 1874). Hereinafter cited as Planché, J.R.
  • [S842] Harleian Society, "The Genealogy of the Earls of Chester", in The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1580, F.S.A. John Paul Rylands, editor. (London: Harleian Society, 1882). Hereinafter cited as "Visitiation Cheshire 1580: Chester Earls".
  • [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I-XIII (in 6) (Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2BU: Sutton Publishing Limited, 2000), III:166. Hereinafter cited as CP.
  • [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne CP, VII:667.
  • [S603] C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 457. Hereinafter cited as B:xP.
  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines 50-27, 132A-26.