William de Turbeville

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William de Turbeville
Bishop of Norwich
Diocese Diocese of Norwich
Elected either 1146 or early 1147
Term ended January 1174
Predecessor Everard
Successor John of Oxford
Orders
Consecration circa (c.) 1147
Personal details
Born c. 1095
Died 16 or 17 January 1174
Norwich, Norfolk
Denomination Roman Cathollic

William de Turbeville (or William Turbe;[1] circa (c. 1095 – January 1174) was a medieval Bishop of Norwich.

Life[edit]

Turbeville was educated in the Benedictine cathedral-priory of Norwich. Here he also made religious profession, first as a teacher and later as prior. He first held the office of precentor of the diocese of Norwich from about 1136, and was subsequently Prior of Norwich.[2]

Turbeville was present at the Easter synod of 1144 when Godwin Stuart told the improbable story that his nephew, William of Norwich, a boy of about twelve years, had been murdered by the Norwich Jews during the preceding Holy Week.

When Turbeville became bishop in 1146 or early 1147[1] he propagated the cult of the "boy-martyr". On four different occasions he had the boy's remains transferred to more honourable places, and in 1168 erected a chapel in his honor in Mousehold Wood, where the boy's body was said to have been found. He persuaded Thomas of Monmouth, a monk of Norwich priory, to write "The Life and Miracles of St. William of Norwich" about 1173, the only extant authority for the legend of William, which is now commonly discredited.

Turbeville attended the Council of Rheims in 1148.[3]

Turbeville died on 16 January 1174[1] or 17 January 1174.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 261
  2. ^ British History Online Priors of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007
  3. ^ Haring, Nicholas (1966). "Notes on the Council and the Consistory of Rheims (1148)". Mediaeval Studies. XXVIII: 39–59. 
  4. ^ British History Online Bishops of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007

References[edit]

Religious titles
Preceded by
Everard
Bishop of Norwich
1146–1174
Succeeded by
John of Oxford

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.