William, Duke of Austria

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William, Duke of Austria
Wilhelm H.jpg
Seal of William of Austria
Spouse(s) Joanna II of Naples
Noble family House of Habsburg
Father Leopold III, Duke of Austria
Mother Viridis Visconti
Born c. 1370
Vienna
Died 15 July 1406(1406-07-15)
Vienna
Buried Ducal Crypt in the Stephansdom in Vienna

William the Courteous (c. 1370 – 15 July 1406)[1] was a scion of the House of Habsburg, and Duke of Carinthia, Styria, and Carniola.

Born in Vienna, he was the oldest son of Duke Leopold the Just and his wife, Viridis Visconti.

At the age of 14, he was betrothed to Jadwiga, youngest daughter of King Louis I of Hungary, who was also king of Poland. This was one of the first attempts of the Habsburgs to extend their dominions by marrying heiresses, as Louis intended his elder daughter Mary and her fiancé Sigismund of Luxembourg to inherit Poland, while Jadwiga inherited Hungary.

But when Louis died in 1382, Mary succeeded in Hungary. The Poles then rejected Mary and Sigismund, and instead chose Jadwiga as queen regnant of Poland. They also repudiated the betrothal to William.

In 1386, his father Leopold died, and William succeeded as head of the Leopoldian Line and ruler of the three duchies.

In 1401, William married another heiress presumptive, Joanna of Naples. She was Jadwiga's cousin, and also of Angevin descent. The marriage did not produce any offspring and William did not live to see his wife succeed her brother as Queen Joanna II.

In 1404, his first cousin Duke Albert the Patient died, leaving the lands of the Albertinian line of the Habsburgs to his seven-year-old son Albert the Magnanimous. William tried to take the Albertinian territories from the child Albert, but did not succeed before his death.

William died in 1406 in Vienna. He is buried in the Dukes' Catacomb in Vienna's Cathedral of Saint Stephan.

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Early Habsburg". European Heraldry. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
William, Duke of Austria
Born: c. 1370 Died: 15 July 1406
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Leopold the Just
Duke of Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola
1386–1406
Succeeded by
Ernest the Iron
Count of Tyrol
1386–1406
Succeeded by
Frederick of the Empty Pockets