William the Victorious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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William the Victorious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse(s) Cecilia of Brandenburg
Matilda of Holstein-Pinneburg
Noble family House of Guelph
Father Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Sophie of Pomarania
Born c. 1392
Died 1482

William (German: Wilhelm) KG (c. 1392 – 1482), called the Victorious, was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He is counted either as William III or William IV.

William was the eldest son of Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He inherited Lüneburg-Celle in 1416 and swapped it with his uncle Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, for Wolfenbüttel in 1428. While on a campaign in 1432, William was deposed by his brother Henry. William retained only the western part of Wolfenbüttel (to the west of the River Leine and separated from the rest by the Bishopric of Hildesheim), which was to become known as the Principality of Calenberg. After Henry died without son in 1473, William had control of both parts of Wolfenbüttel again.

Family[edit]

In Berlin between 30 May/6 June 1423, William married firstly Cecilia (born c. 1405 – died 4 January 1449), daughter of Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg. They had two sons:

In 1466, William married secondly Matilda, daughter of Otto II, Count of Holstein-Schauenburg-Pinneburg. She died in Neustadt am Rübenberge on 22 July 1468, two days after giving birth a short-lived son, Otto (born Neustadt am Rübenberge 20 July 1468 – died 1471).

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

William the Victorious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: about 1392 Died: 25 July 1482
German nobility
Preceded by
Henry the Mild
Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Prince of Lunenburg
as William II joint reign with his younger half-brother Henry the Peaceful

1416–1428
Succeeded by
Bernard I
Preceded by
Bernard I
Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Prince of Wolfenbüttel
as William II joint reign with his younger half-brother Henry the Peaceful

1428–1432
Succeeded by
Henry the Peaceful
Calenberg disentangled from Wolfenbüttel Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Prince of Calenberg

1432–1473
Succeeded by
Frederick III the Turbulent with his brother William the Younger
Preceded by
Otto II
Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Prince of Göttingen
as William

1450–1473
Preceded by
Henry the Peaceful
Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg
Prince of Wolfenbüttel
as William II

1473–1482