Williams, Arizona

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Williams, Arizona
City
Steam locomotive and train sitting at Williams Depot, 2006
Steam locomotive and train sitting at Williams Depot, 2006
Location in Coconino County and the state of Arizona
Location in Coconino County and the state of Arizona
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 35°14′58″N 112°11′24″W / 35.24944°N 112.19000°W / 35.24944; -112.19000Coordinates: 35°14′58″N 112°11′24″W / 35.24944°N 112.19000°W / 35.24944; -112.19000
Country United States
State Arizona
County Coconino
Area
 • Total 43.8 sq mi (113.4 km2)
 • Land 43.5 sq mi (112.7 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 6,766 ft (2,062 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,023
 • Density 69/sq mi (27/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
ZIP code 86046
Area code 928
FIPS code 04-83160
Website www.williamsaz.gov

Williams (Havasupai: Wii Gvʼul[1]) is a city in Coconino County, Arizona, west of Flagstaff. Its population was 3,023 at the 2010 census.[2] It lies on the route of Historic Route 66, Interstate 40, and the Southwest Chief Amtrak train route. It is also the southern terminus of the Grand Canyon Railway, which takes visitors to Grand Canyon Village. There are numerous inns, motels, restaurants and gas stations that cater to the large influx of tourists rather than local residents, especially during the summer and holiday seasons.

History[edit]

Williams is named after William "Old Bill" Williams, a mountain man and trader who often trapped in the area.[citation needed]

Franklin D. Roosevelt (seated, center) at Greenway Ranch in Williams on September 26, 1932, during that year's presidential campaign. He is accompanied by U.S. Senator from Arizona Carl Hayden standing far right, along with—among others—three Democrats from the U.S. Senate (seated): Pittman, Walsh, and Cohen.

Williams was the last town to have its section of Route 66 bypassed, due to lawsuits that kept the last section of Interstate 40 in Arizona from being built around the town. After settlements called for the state to build three Williams exits, the suits were dropped and I-40 was completed.[3] On October 13, 1984, Interstate 40 was opened around the town and newspapers the next day reported the essential end of US 66.[4] The following year, Route 66 was decommissioned.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 3,559
1970 2,386 −33.0%
1980 2,266 −5.0%
1990 2,532 11.7%
2000 2,842 12.2%
2010 3,023 6.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[5] of 2000,[dated info] there were 2,842 people, 1,057 households, and 733 families residing in the city. The population density was 65.3 people per square mile (25.2/km²). There were 1,204 housing units at an average density of 27.7 per square mile (10.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.13% White, 2.89% Black or African American, 1.72% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.22% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. 32.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,057 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,455, and the median income for a family was $39,063. Males had a median income of $27,237 versus $25,162 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,223. About 9.9% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Williams is located at 35°14′58″N 112°11′24″W / 35.24944°N 112.19000°W / 35.24944; -112.19000 (35.249369, −112.189872)[6] at 6,800 feet (2,100 m) in elevation. Bill Williams Mountain rises to an elevation of 9,256 feet (2,821 m) just south of Williams. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.8 square miles (113 km2), of which 43.5 square miles (113 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 0.66%, is water.

Climate[edit]

On average in Williams, December is the coldest month, July is the warmest month, and August is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Williams was 102 °F (39 °C) in 1909; the coldest temperature recorded was −25 °F (−32 °C) in 1937.[7]

Climate data for Williams, Arizona (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
74
(23)
76
(24)
87
(31)
92
(33)
100
(38)
102
(39)
101
(38)
93
(34)
85
(29)
80
(27)
74
(23)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 46.5
(8.1)
48.5
(9.2)
53.8
(12.1)
61.6
(16.4)
71.2
(21.8)
80.7
(27.1)
83.3
(28.5)
80.5
(26.9)
75.3
(24.1)
65.3
(18.5)
54.3
(12.4)
46.5
(8.1)
64.0
(17.8)
Average low °F (°C) 23.3
(−4.8)
25.0
(−3.9)
28.2
(−2.1)
33.4
(0.8)
41.5
(5.3)
49.4
(9.7)
55.1
(12.8)
53.8
(12.1)
48.1
(8.9)
37.9
(3.3)
29.2
(−1.6)
23.2
(−4.9)
37.3
(2.9)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−18
(−28)
−6
(−21)
2
(−17)
8
(−13)
22
(−6)
32
(0)
32
(0)
11
(−12)
7
(−14)
−7
(−22)
−17
(−27)
−25
(−32)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.22
(56.4)
2.42
(61.5)
2.16
(54.9)
1.03
(26.2)
.58
(14.7)
.44
(11.2)
2.84
(72.1)
3.41
(86.6)
1.83
(46.5)
1.55
(39.4)
1.67
(42.4)
1.98
(50.3)
22.13
(562.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 18.5
(47)
15.8
(40.1)
13.3
(33.8)
5.5
(14)
.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.5
(1.3)
5.0
(12.7)
12.1
(30.7)
70.9
(180.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 6.5 6.4 6.7 3.8 3.2 2.3 10.0 11.8 6.4 4.3 4.5 5.8 71.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 4.2 3.8 3.4 1.8 .1 0 0 0 0 .2 1.7 3.4 18.5
Source: NOAA (extremes 1897–present)[7]

Government[edit]

Federally, Williams is part of Arizona's 1st congressional district. Most recently it was represented by Republican Rick Renzi from 2003 to 2008, Democrat Ann Kirkpatrick following the 2008 election and Republican Paul Gosar following the 2010 election.

Education[edit]

Williams is served by the Williams Unified School District. Two schools, Williams Elementary Middle School, and Williams High School, serve the city. A charter school, Heritage Elementary Charter School, also provides services.

Transportation[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Williams, operating its Southwest Chief between Chicago and Los Angeles. Rail passengers arrive and depart at Williams Junction, 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Williams, and are shuttled by Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach from Williams Junction to the Grand Canyon Railroad Station in downtown Williams.

The downtown station also serves as the southern terminus for the Grand Canyon Railway.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hinton, Leanne (1984). A dictionary of the Havasupai language. 
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Williams city, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Moseley, Andy (September 2009). Around the States in 90 Days. p. 212. ISBN 9780956155108. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Route 66 in Arizona Multiple Property Submission (National Register of Historic Places)". National Park Service. April 5, 1989. p. 26. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 

External links[edit]