Williams FW07

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Williams FW07, Williams FW07B
Williams FW07C, Williams FW07D
Williams FW07C, Peter Sowerby, GB (17.06.2007).jpg
Category Formula One
Constructor Williams Grand Prix Engineering
Designer(s) Patrick Head & Neil Oatley
Predecessor FW06
Successor FW08
Technical specifications
Chassis Aluminium monocoque
Suspension (front) Lower wishbones and inboard springs
Suspension (rear) Lower wishbones and inboard springs
Engine Ford-Cosworth DFV 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) V8 naturally aspirated mid-mounted
Transmission Hewland 5-speed manual
Fuel Lucas
Tyres Goodyear
Competition history
Notable entrants Williams
Notable drivers Australia Alan Jones,
Switzerland Clay Regazzoni,
Argentina Carlos Reutemann,
South Africa Desiré Wilson,
United States Kevin Cogan,
United Kingdom Rupert Keegan,
Spain Emilio de Villota
Debut 1979 Argentine Grand Prix
Races Wins Poles Fastest laps
43 15 8 15
Constructors' Championships 2 (1980 & 1981)
Drivers' Championships 1 (Alan Jones, 1980)

The Williams FW07 was a ground effect Formula One racing car designed by Patrick Head for the 1979 F1 season.[1] It was closely based on the Lotus 79, even being developed in the same wind tunnel at Imperial College London. Some observers, among them Lotus aerodynamicist Peter Wright felt the FW07 was little more than a re-engineered Lotus 79. The car was small and simple and extremely light, powered by the ubiquitous Ford Cosworth DFV. It had very clean lines and seemed to be a strong challenger for the new season, but early reliability problems halted any serious threat for the title. While not the first to use ground effects in Formula One, an honour belonging to Colin Chapman and the Lotus 78 (the Lotus 79's predecessor), Head may have had a better grasp of the principles than even Chapman.[2]

Racing History[edit]

1979[edit]

The car made its debut partway through the 1979 season, and served to make Team Williams a contender for perhaps the first time.[2] It was driven by Alan Jones and Clay Regazzoni, who took Williams team's first win in that year's British Grand Prix, before Jones stepped up and won 4 of the next 5 races with the nimble car. Although they lost out to Ferrari in 1979, Williams has established themselves as the team to beat for 1980.

The Williams FW07 (1979).
The Williams FW07B (1980).

1980[edit]

The FW07 became FW07B in 1980, and Regazzoni was replaced by the enigmatic Carlos Reutemann, and while he and Jones formed a successful partnership, they were not comfortable with each other. Both drivers developed the FW07 further, working especially on setup and suspension strengthening. The car was now so efficient in creating ground effect the front wings were unnecessary. The development worked well. Jones won five races in Argentina, France, Britain, Canada and the USA to win his only world championship, while Reutemann won at a wet Monaco. Williams's main challenge came from Nelson Piquet in Brabham's neat BT49, but while Jones won the Drivers' Championship, Williams won their first Constructors' Championship.

A little over a month after the end of the 1980 season, Williams sent its mechanics, newly crowned champion Jones and his championship winning FW07B to contest the Australian's home non-championship Grand Prix. Up against only one other Formula One car (the Alfa Romeo 179 of Bruno Giacomelli), and a field consisting of mostly Formula 5000 cars, Jones dominated the race weekend at the 1.609 km (1.000 mi) Calder Park Raceway in Melbourne. The Williams qualified in 36.1 seconds, 0.2 in front of the Alfa, and 1.8 seconds in front of the leading F5000, pointing to an easy win for the F1 cars should they be reliable, which wasn't seen as a problem since the race would only be a total of 153 km in length, less than half the distance of a World Championship Grand Prix. Jones duly won the 95 lap race, one lap ahead of Giacomelli's Alfa with fellow F1 driver Didier Pironi four laps down in third place driving an Australian designed F5000 (Pironi had been 4.1 seconds slower than Jones in qualifying). During the race, Jones set the circuit's still standing (as of 2013) lap record of 36.9 seconds.

1981[edit]

The FW07B evolved into the FW07C for 1981, and this time it was Reutemann who challenged Piquet for the championship, narrowly missing out in the final race, but Williams took home the constructors' championship after four more wins. Further work was done to the suspension, especially after the FIA banned the moveable skirts needed for effective ground effect. The hydraulic suspension systems were developed by Jones, who hated the rock hard suspension. During a winter test session at the Paul Ricard Circuit in the south of France, he suggested to Frank Williams that to compensate for the harsh ride and the pounding the driver gets while driving the car that he "put suspension on the seat", which Frank thought was a good idea. However, he then replied that Jones should sit on his wallet. 'Yeah,' drawled the tough Aussie, 'then give me something to put in it!'[3] Jones temporarily left Formula One because of the extremely unpleasant ride the FW07C gave, he later described driving the car as "wrecking the internals".

The FW07D was an experimental six-wheeled test car (4 driven rear wheels, and 2 non-driven front wheels) that was tested by Alan Jones on one single occasion at the Donington Park circuit. With the FW07D proving the concept, its unique design was incorporated into the six-wheeled FW08B.[4][5]

1982[edit]

After Jones retired, Williams took on Keke Rosberg in 1982, and his mercurial driving seemed to suit the FW07, which although it was now 3 years old, was still competitive. After 15 wins, 300 points, one drivers' and two constructors' titles the FW07 was replaced by the similarly engineered FW08 from early 1982.

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

Works team entries[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position) (results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Points WCC
1979 FW07 Ford Cosworth DFV G ARG BRA RSA USW ESP BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA 75* 2nd
Alan Jones Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret 1 1 1 9 1 Ret
Clay Regazzoni Ret Ret 2 6 1 2 5 Ret 3 3 Ret
1980 FW07
FW07B
Ford Cosworth DFV G ARG BRA RSA USW BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA 120 1st
Alan Jones 1 3 Ret Ret 2 Ret 1 1 3 2 11 2 1 1
Carlos Reutemann Ret Ret 5 Ret 3 1 6 3 2 3 4 3 2 2
1981 FW07C Ford Cosworth DFV G USW BRA ARG SMR BEL MON ESP FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN CPL 95 1st
Alan Jones 1 2 4 12 Ret 2 7 17 Ret 11 4 3 2 Ret 1
Carlos Reutemann 2 1 2 3 1 Ret 4 10 2 Ret 5 Ret 3 10 8
1982 FW07C Ford Cosworth DFV G RSA BRA USW SMR BEL MON DET CAN NED GBR FRA GER AUT SUI ITA CPL 58* 4th
Carlos Reutemann 2 Ret
Keke Rosberg 5 DSQ 2
Mario Andretti Ret

* 4 points in 1979 scored using the FW06
* 44 points in 1982 scored using the FW08

Non-works entries[edit]

(key) (Results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap.)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine Tyres Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
1980 ARG BRA RSA USW BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA
Brands Hatch Racing FW07 Ford Cosworth DFV G Desiré Wilson DNQ
RAM / Penthouse Rizla Racing FW07, FW07B Ford Cosworth DFV G Rupert Keegan 11 DNQ 15 DNQ 11 DNQ 9
RAM / Rainbow Jeans Racing FW07B Ford Cosworth DFV G Kevin Cogan DNQ
RAM Theodore / Rainbow Jeans Racing FW07B Ford Cosworth DFV G Geoff Lees DNQ
1981 USW BRA ARG SMR BEL MON ESP FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN CPL
Equipe Banco Occidental FW07 Ford Cosworth DFV M Emilio de Villota EX

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thorson, Thor (July 2010). "1979 Williams FW07 Formula One". Sports Car Market 22 (7): 60–61. 
  2. ^ a b Diepraam, Mattijs (2007-11-30). "Poachers turned gamekeepers: how the FOCA became the new FIA. Part 2: Onset – authority and rebellion". 8w.forix. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  3. ^ As seen in BBC's 1981 documentary "Gentlemen, lift your skirts..."
  4. ^ "Flashback: The Williams F1 six-wheeler". YallaF1.com. 2011-03-18. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  5. ^ "The 'BETA vs VHS' Award". F1 Rejects. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 

External links[edit]

 
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