Williamston, Michigan

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Williamston, Michigan
City
Downtown Williamston, looking eastward on Grand River Avenue.
Downtown Williamston, looking eastward on Grand River Avenue.
Official seal of Williamston, Michigan
Seal
Nickname(s): Billtown, Hornets
Motto: Discover the Charm
Location of Williamston in Michigan.
Location of Williamston in Michigan.
Coordinates: 42°41′28.05″N 84°17′5.62″W / 42.6911250°N 84.2848944°W / 42.6911250; -84.2848944Coordinates: 42°41′28.05″N 84°17′5.62″W / 42.6911250°N 84.2848944°W / 42.6911250; -84.2848944
Country United States
State Michigan
County Ingham
Founded 1871 (as village),
- 1945 (as city)
Area[1]
 • Total 2.56 sq mi (6.63 km2)
 • Land 2.44 sq mi (6.32 km2)
 • Water 0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)  4.69%
Elevation 860 ft (262 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,854
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,841
 • Density 1,579.5/sq mi (609.8/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48895
Area code(s) 517
FIPS code 26-87420[4]
GNIS feature ID 1616515[5]
Website http://www.williamston-mi.us/

Williamston is a city in Ingham County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The city is at the southeast corner of Williamstown Township, but is politically independent. A portion of Williamston was annexed from adjacent Wheatfield Township. Downtown Williamston is located at the intersection of Grand River Avenue (M-43) and Putnam Street (Williamston Road). The population was 3,854 at the 2010 census. Williamston is most notable for its antiques markets, and it has been promoted as a quaint, small town just outside the larger city of Lansing. It recently renovated McCormick Park, which borders the Red Cedar River in downtown Williamston.

History[edit]

The location that was later to become Williamston started as the cross-road of the Grand River and Saginaw Indian Trails. It was first occupied by a small band of the Saginaw tribe of the Chippewa People which by the mid-19th century used the area as a 'summer village' (it was not used by them year-round, but they 'wintered' in the area that is now Meridian Township). They used Williamston for planting crops, burying their dead, and holding an annual spring gathering, primarily using the land just north of the Red Cedar River.

The area was settled by Europeans in 1834 when Hiram and Joseph Putnam moved briefly to the area from Jackson. They spent less than one full year in the area, planting and then harvesting one crop of oats. Today, inside the city limits, Williamston Road becomes Putnam Street, having been named in their honor. (For many years, several street signs inside the city were misspelled as "Putman Street", leading to confusion about the correct spelling.)

In 1839, the Putnams sold their land to Oswald B., James M., and Horace B. Williams, three brothers from Batavia, New York. James M. "Miles" Williams, who built a dam, saw mill and later a grist mill in town, eventually platted the land in 1845 and named the town "Williamstown" after himself. It is unknown how it lost the "w" in its name.

The town was a popular stop on the Grand River trail (that later became a plank road) from Detroit to Lansing in the 19th century. That trail is now Grand River Avenue (M-43) which runs through downtown Williamston. Because the primary means of transportation at that time was the horse and buggy and because the trip from Detroit to Lansing took more than one day, Williamston became a convenient overnight stop.

The town was incorporated as a village in 1871, and later as a city on April 1, 1945. A later revised City Charter was adopted by the people effective in April 1963. This charter has been amended several times, but remains in effect today.

A history of the area was published for the City's centennial celebration in 1971. It included many photographs and stories of the early city and its inhabitants. There were earlier histories, as well, published in 1880, the 1930s, and in 1963.

Law and government[edit]

Williamston is governed by a seven-member City Council, and an appointed city manager. The City Council is responsible for all legislative and policy-making in Williamston. Elections are held every two years for four spots on the Council; the three candidates who receive the largest number of votes are given four-year terms, while the candidate with the fourth highest vote total is given a two-year term on the Council. City Council meets on the 2nd and 4th Monday of the month at 7 p.m. in City Hall, which is located on Grand River Ave. in downtown.[1]

The Mayor and Mayor Pro-Tem of Williamston are chosen by Council from among its members at the last meeting of each calendar year. [2]

In addition, The City also has a Downtown Development Authority, Economic Development Corporation, and a Planning Commission.

Geography[edit]

Williamston is located 15 miles east of Lansing, the state capital city of Michigan, and 11 miles east of East Lansing, the home of Michigan State University. The city is located two miles north of I-96, which provides access to Lansing and Detroit.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.56 square miles (6.63 km2), of which 2.44 square miles (6.32 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2) is water.[1]

The Red Cedar River, a tributary of the Grand River, passes just north of the center of town. Lake Lansing is also located in nearby Haslett and is approximately 500 acres (2.0 km2) in size.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,854 people, 1,605 households, and 1,002 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,579.5 inhabitants per square mile (609.8 /km2). There were 1,789 housing units at an average density of 733.2 per square mile (283.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.4% White, 0.9% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 1,605 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the city was 35.9 years. 28% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.5% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 11.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the U.S. Census[4] of 2000, there were 3,441 people, 1,470 households, and 905 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,351.2 per square mile (521.0/km²). There were 1,528 housing units at an average density of 600.0 per square mile (231.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.95% White, 0.17% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.70% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.94% of the population.

There were 1,470 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,727, and the median income for a family was $51,014. Males had a median income of $38,375 versus $30,174 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,798. About 6.4% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Grindstone from the Williams' Mill of the mid-1800s

The modern economy is primarily that of a bedroom community. Many residents commute to local, larger towns such as Okemos, East Lansing, or Lansing, where most of the employment is located. The Williamston community was once very reliant on farming as an occupation, however, its prominence in the community has since declined. Although there is no longer much farmland within the city limits, the surrounding area is still devoted to farming.

Today, Williamston is well known to the mid-Michigan area for its antiques stores and specialty shops in the downtown area. Williamston is home to two golf courses, The Brookshire Restaurant and Golf Course and Wheatfield Valley Golf Course, as well as the Actors' Equity Association Professional live theatre, Williamston Theatre. It is also home to the Williamston Branch of the Capital Area District Library, restaurants like Spag's, RiverHouse Inn, Gracie's Place and Red Cedar Grill, D & W Fresh Market grocery store (which replaced the Felpausch (Spartan) grocery store), the Sun Theatre [3], and numerous smaller store-fronts with everything from 'staples' like hardware and clothing stores, as well as the 'signature' boutiques, special interest shops and antiques dealers. The Meridian Mall — and other stores in Okemos — are about eight miles from the downtown area. The largest employer in the City is the Williamston Community Schools with 170 employees.

Some of the specialty stores and boutiques in downtown Williamston include; Carquest-The Parts Place Williamston, Tuesday Books, Bungalow 47, Vivee's Floral Garden & Cafe, Plush Consignments, Uncommon Goodies, True Value Hardware, Nu Concept Salon, The Artisan's Circle, Fireworks Glass Studio, and many more.

Other notable businesses in the Williamston area include Habitat for Humanity of Greater Ingham County which has a "restore" and training facilities for staff and volunteers, Topliff's Tara bed and breakfast, and the Michigan Nature Association.

A store featuring only works created in Michigan, Yeetown, opened in July 2009. The store is located in Keller's Plaza and specializes in gift baskets.

Tractor Supply Company and Merindorf Meats (a butcher shop and specialty food store) have recently opened new locations inside the city limits near the industrial park, all of which are designed to take advantage not only of the local population, but also of the city's proximity to I-96 (the major corridor between Grand Rapids, Lansing and Detroit Michigan) and the Lansing area.

Education[edit]

Public education in Williamston and the surrounding area is provided by Williamston Community Schools. The schools consist of K-2 (Discovery Elementary and 3-5 (Explorer Elementary), 6-8 (Williamston Middle), and 9-12 (Williamston High School).

The private schools of St. Mary School and Memorial Lutheran are located in Williamston and nearby Williamstown Township, respectively.

Events of interest[edit]

A major event in town is the week long festival known as the Red Cedar Jubilee. It typically begins the last week of June with a children's 'bike parade' through town, and ends with the Boy Scout pancake breakfast on Sunday morning. Events of the Jubilee include a demolition derby, duck race, and chicken barbecue, as well as other events and games for children of all ages. The proceeds from some of the events go to benefit local community groups. One such group, the Lions Club, runs a food and beverage tent during the festival.

Artfest on the River [4], was held in July each year at McCormick Park. The festival however, folded after seven years. The festival was scheduled to return in 2011, but was canceled and instead slated to return in 2012.

The City of Williamston also sponsored a Labor Day 'Bridge Walk' annually. The former Mayor, Kenneth Zichi, led a group on a brief 1.5–2.5-mile-long (2.4–4.0 km) walking tour of town, pointing out sites of historic interest, and including a 'bridge crossing' of the Red Cedar River. Patterned after the 'Mackinac Bridge Walk' led by Michigan's governor, this was an opportunity to learn a bit more about the history and culture of a small town in Michigan, and enjoy the holiday.

On the first Saturday in December, the downtown hosts the annual Light Parade. Activities begin in the afternoon and culminate with a parade of lighted floats and vehicles through downtown Williamston. Afterward, children are given a chance to meet Santa Claus. Typically, stores and street booths sell hot drinks and musicians wander the street during the afternoon and evening. Occasionally, there is an ice sculpture or two spread throughout town.

In the Spring, Summer, and Fall, Williamston's Downtown Development Authority, Economic Development Corporation and City Government sponsor a weekly Farmers' Market in the downtown.

Sports teams[edit]

There are no major local sports teams, besides the Williamston Community Schools athletic teams whose mascot are the Hornets. The school's sports teams are generally competitive in the area, and sometimes across the state. The high school's track and cross country teams are quite successful, especially in recent years. Coached by 2005 Greater Lansing Sports Hall of Fame inductee Paul "Coach" Nilsson, the boys track team won the state championship in 2001, 2003, and 2006. Nilsson led the boys cross country team to state championships in 2000, 2005, and 2007, while finishing runner-up in 2002, 2003, and 2006, and winning 7 consecutive regional titles between 1999-2005.[5] Additionally, the boys team currently carries the distinction of MichTrack.org's "Best Division 3 Cross Country Team of the Decade" [6].

The high school's quizbowl team won the Class B State Championship in 2006. The high school equestrian team was MIHA State Champions in 2010, and runner-up in 2013 and 2011.[6] The 2010 boy's football team finished state runner-up. The 2008 girls soccer team finished state runner-up.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Williamston has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://www.miha.org/state_past.php.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Williamston, Michigan

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]