Willis' Magazine

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Willis' Magazine
Part of Fortifications of Gibraltar
Willis' Plateau, Gibraltar
Willis Magazine DG.jpg
The outside
Princess Anne's Battery diagram.png
Map of a portion of Willis's Plateau, including Princess Royal's Battery, Princess Anne's Battery, Princess Amelia's Battery and Willis' Magazine
Type Magazine
Site information
Owner Government of Gibraltar

Willis' Magazine is an 18th-century large magazine in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. The magazine sits on a plateau with several artillery batteries.

Description[edit]

cross section of the magazine

This magazine is said to be the "largest of its type" remaining anywhere in the world. It has been in a derelict state for decades although work has taken place to clear debris. The general layout consisting of four large magazine chambers surrounded by a two level lighting corridor. This would have provided light through windows along the walls whilst preventing any naked flame from oil lamps from getting near to the magazine's gunpowder.[1]

The magazine sits on Willis's Plateau which is a historic place for the placement of Gibraltar's northern defences. The batteries include Princess Anne's Battery, Princess Amelia's Battery and Princess Royal's Battery and behinds these are the start of the World War Two Tunnels of Gibraltar.[1]

The magazine is named for Captain Willis who made such a contribution in the Twelfth Siege of Gibraltar in 1704-5 that this magazine was named for him. He also gave his name to Willis' Road, Willis' Battery (now Princess Royal's Battery), Willis' Cave and Guard.[2]

References[edit]

This article contains text from Discover-Gibraltar.com.
  1. ^ a b Crone, Jim. "18th Century Magazine (see tunnels in Index)". Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Jackson, William G. F. (1986). The Rock of the Gibraltarians. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses. p. 108. ISBN 0-8386-3237-8.