Willoughby, Ohio

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Willoughby, Ohio
City
View of Willoughby City Hall
View of Willoughby City Hall
Motto: "The Courtesy City"
Willoughby is located in Ohio
Willoughby
Willoughby
Location of Willoughby, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°38′45″N 81°24′35″W / 41.64583°N 81.40972°W / 41.64583; -81.40972Coordinates: 41°38′45″N 81°24′35″W / 41.64583°N 81.40972°W / 41.64583; -81.40972[1]
Country United States
State Ohio
County Lake
Government
 • Mayor David E. Anderson
Area[2]
 • Total 10.34 sq mi (26.78 km2)
 • Land 10.25 sq mi (26.55 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation[3] 659 ft (201 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 22,268
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 22,353
 • Density 2,172.5/sq mi (838.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 44094-44097
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-85484[6]
GNIS feature ID 1061788[3]
Website www.willoughbyohio.com
View north down Erie Street in downtown Willoughby

Willoughby is a city in Lake County, Ohio, United States. It is a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio. The population was 22,268 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Willoughby's first permanent settler was David Abbott in 1798, who operated a gristmill.[7] Abbott and his family had close relations to the local tribe of Erie Indians along the banks of the river the Indians called the "Sha-ga-rin" or Clear Water. This river was later called the Chagrin River, though the derivation of the name remains in dispute.

In 1835, the village was permanently named "Willoughby" in honor of Dr. Westel Willoughby, Jr., a public health official that the founders of the Medical College, which was based in the city, hoped to attract to the area. This medical college would later merge with Western Reserve Academy in Hudson, OH to eventually become Western Reserve University, the predecessor to Cleveland's Case Western Reserve University. Many historical buildings from this period survive to this date, affording the downtown Willoughby area some outstanding specimens of 19th century architecture.

In World War I, the U.S.Army chose Willoughby as the site for a chemical weapons plant producing lewisite.[8]

Over time, Willoughby sent citizens into every major U.S. military conflict. Several memorials and historical relics are displayed in Wes Point Park, the center of downtown Willoughby, to honor those that have served.

Willoughby is the only town in America that has belonged, at one time or other, to six counties (Washington, Jefferson, Trumbull, Geauga, Cuyahoga, and Lake).

Education[edit]

Two public high schools are located in Willoughby: Willoughby South High School and Willoughby-Eastlake Technical Center, both of which are a part of the Willoughby-Eastlake School District. Students in the ninth through twelfth grades are enrolled at Willoughby South High School, which opened its doors at its present location in 1959. Previously, Willoughby South High School and current rival Eastlake North High were housed in the same building called Union High, but following the division, the then-abandoned Union High became the location of Willoughby Junior High School until 1972. It then housed the Willoughby-Eastlake Technical Center, located in downtown Willoughby.

The Andrews Osborne Academy is also located in Willoughby.

Willoughby is served by a branch of the Willoughby-Eastlake Public Library.

Geography[edit]

Willoughby is located at 41°38′45″N 81°24′35″W / 41.645915°N 81.409681°W / 41.645915; -81.409681 (41.645915, -81.408515).[1][9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.34 square miles (26.78 km2), of which, 10.25 square miles (26.55 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 589
1870 867 47.2%
1880 1,001 15.5%
1890 1,219 21.8%
1900 1,753 43.8%
1910 2,072 18.2%
1920 2,656 28.2%
1930 4,252 60.1%
1940 4,364 2.6%
1950 5,602 28.4%
1960 15,058 168.8%
1970 18,634 23.7%
1980 19,290 3.5%
1990 20,510 6.3%
2000 22,621 10.3%
2010 22,268 −1.6%
Est. 2012 22,353 0.4%
Sources:[10][11][6][12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 22,268 people, 10,413 households, and 5,716 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,172.5 inhabitants per square mile (838.8 /km2). There were 11,387 housing units at an average density of 1,110.9 per square mile (428.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.6% White, 3.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 10,413 households of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.1% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 43.6 years. 19.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 29.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 22,621 people, 10,265 households, and 5,892 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,225.3 people per square mile (858.8/km²). There were 10,700 housing units at an average density of 1,052.6 per square mile (406.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.47% White, 1.14% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population. 19.0% were of German, 15.8% Italian, 13.3% Irish, 8.2% English, 5.6% Polish, 5.6% American and 5.4% Slovene ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,265 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.6% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,387, and the median income for a family was $53,677. Males had a median income of $38,711 versus $30,553 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,653. About 4.3% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Lake Health 669
2 Willoughby-Eastlake City School District 458
3 Ohio Presbyterian Retirement Services 450
4 Momentive Performance Materials 377
5 Marous Brothers Construction 263
6 City of Willoughby 237
7 Windsor-Laurelwood 225
8 Deepwood Industries 205
9 Giant Eagle 180
10 Bescast 141

Notable people[edit]

News and media[edit]

The News-Herald, a Lake County newspaper, has been headquartered in Willoughby since its inception.

Willoughby Today is an online news website founded in August 2010 for Willoughby.

Lake County Gazette (Gazette Newspapers Inc.) also features Willoughby news in print and online.

WINT 1330AM is licensed to Willoughby and serves the surrounding area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2010 Census Gazetteer Files: Places: Ohio". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  6. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 876. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Hershberg, James G. (1993). James B. Conant : Harvard to Hiroshima and the making of the nuclear age. Stanford, Cal.: Stanford University Press. p. 47. ISBN 0-8047-2619-1. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  13. ^ City of Willoughby CAFR

Further reading[edit]

  • Sindy, Clarence F. (2002). Willoughby, the First 150 Years (2nd ed.). Eastlake, Ohio: Duke Printing & Mailing Services. 

External links[edit]