Willys Jeep Station Wagon
|Willys Jeep Wagon|
Industrias Kaiser Argentina
|Also called||Ford Rural|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door wagon
|Related||Willys Jeep Truck
|Wheelbase||104.5 in (2,654 mm)|
|Length||176.25 in (4,477 mm)|
|Width||71.75 in (1,822 mm)|
|Height||74 in (1,880 mm)|
|Curb weight||3,206 lb (1,454 kg)
4,500 lb (2,041 kg) GWV
The Willys Jeep Station Wagon, introduced in 1946 by Willys-Overland Motors is the first mass-market all-steel station wagon designed and built as a passenger vehicle and is arguably the world's first popular sport utility vehicle or SUV (the heavy-duty, truck-based Chevrolet Suburban with steel body was introduced in 1939 for professional use mainly as train depot hacks and funeral homes). The Willys Jeep was designed in the mid-1940s by industrial designer Brooks Stevens and the station wagon stayed in production until 1965.
The steel body was efficient to mass-produce, as easy to maintain and safer than the real wood-bodied station wagon versions at the time. This was one of Willys' most successful post-World War II models. Its production coincided with individual consumers moving to the new suburbs during the post-war period.
The Willys Jeep Station Wagon was introduced in 1946 as just the 463 model, powered by the L-134 Go-Devil flathead four cylinder. The 663 model, powered by the L-148 Lightning straight six, was brought in for 1948. Four-wheel drive became an option in 1949.
1950 saw a number of changes. The flat grille was replaced by a pointed v-shape design with five horizontal bars across the vertical ones. New engines were available, too. The 473 model got the new F-134 Hurricane, and the 673 model got a new 161 cu in (2.6 L) version of the Lightning six.
In 1952, the flathead Lightning was dropped in favor of the F-161 Hurricane, installed in the 685 model.
A number of new models were added in 1955. The 6-226 model lineup gained stripped chassis, flat face cowl, cowl/windshield, and ambulance models. The 475 line received only the cowl/windshield.
In 1958 a new Maverick model was introduced, a comparatively more luxurious version of the two-wheel drive wagon. It could be had only with the four-cylinder engine. The main upgrades were in the introduction of 2 tone paint with matching interior in 2 tones and the standard AM radio. The easiest way to identify a Maverick is by the extra (stainless steel) trim ring under the windows. The Maverick tag came from the TV show of the same name, of which Willys was a sponsor.
The 6-230 Tornado OHC engine was introduced in midyear 1962, replacing the flathead.
Production ended in 1965, as the Willys model had been phased out by the Jeep Wagoneer. Over 300,000 wagons and its variants were built in the U.S.
- 1946-50 L4-134 Go-Devil
- 1948-50 L6-148 Lightning
- 1950-65 F4-134 Hurricane
- 1950-51 L6-161 Lightning
- 1952-54 F6-161 Hurricane
- 1954-62 L6-226 Super Hurricane
- 1962-65 6-230 Tornado
- "Directory Index: Jeep/1953_Jeep/1953_Willys_Jeep_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Olsen, Byron; Lyons, Dan (2000). Station Wagons. MBI Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7603-0632-1. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- Vincent, Van (12 February 2010). "Chevrolet Suburban at 75 years old-Looking back". CarguideBlog. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- Bradsher, Keith (2002). High and Mighty: SUVs: The World's Most Dangerous Vehicles and How They Got that Way. PublicAffairs. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-58648-123-0.
- Foster, Patrick R. (2003). Standard Catalog of Jeep 1940-2003. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87349-522-6.
- Redmond, Derek (24 June 2002). "Willys Jeep Station Wagons". The CJ-3B Page. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
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|Jeep road vehicle timeline, 1945–1970s — next »|
|Compact SUV||Jeepster (VJ)||Jeepster Commando||Commando|
|SUV||Willys Jeep Station Wagon||Jeep Cherokee (SJ)|
|Compact pickup||Jeepster Commando||Commando|
|Full-size pickup||Willys Jeep Truck|