Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr
|Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP|
|Headquarters||Washington, D.C. and Boston, Massachusetts|
|No. of offices||12|
|No. of attorneys||933 (2009)|
|No. of employees||approximately 2,500|
|Major practice areas||General Practice|
|Key people||William F. Lee, William J. Perlstein|
|Date founded||Boston, Massachusetts (1918); Washington, D.C. (1962)|
|Company type||Limited liability partnership|
Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP (known as WilmerHale) is an American law firm with twelve offices across the United States, Europe and Asia. It was created in 2004 through the merger of the Boston-based firm Hale and Dorr and the Washington-based firm Wilmer Cutler & Pickering, and employs more than 1,100 attorneys worldwide. The firm is recognized as one of the top law firms in the United States.
Hale and Dorr was founded in Boston in 1918 by Richard Hale, Dudley Huntington Dorr, Frank Grinnell, Roger Swaim and John Maguire. Reginald Heber Smith, author of the seminal work Justice and the Poor and a pioneer in the American legal aid movement, joined the firm in 1919 and served as managing partner for thirty years. Hale and Dorr gained national recognition in 1954 when partner Joseph Welch, assisted by associate James St. Clair and John Kimball, Jr., represented the U.S. Army on a pro bono basis during the historic Army-McCarthy hearings. In 1988, partner Paul Brountas chaired the presidential campaign of Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis, and in 1990, senior partner William Weld was elected governor. The firm has had a long and mutually profitable relationship with nearby Harvard Law School, alma mater of more than a fifth of WilmerHale's current lawyers, and home of the WilmerHale Legal Services Center.
Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering was founded in Washington in 1962 by former Cravath attorneys Lloyd Cutler and John Pickering, along with a senior lawyer, Richard Wilmer. Cutler, who later served as White House Counsel to Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton, founded the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law in 1962, and served on its executive committee until 1987.
In the 1980s, Cutler led the founding of the Southern Africa Legal Services and Legal Education Project, to aid South African lawyers who fought to implement the rule of law during apartheid. From 1981 to 1993, partner C. Boyden Gray left the firm to serve as White House Counsel to Vice President and President George H.W. Bush.
In 1988, the law firm established a subsidiary as a registered investment adviser. Initially known as Haldor Investment Advisors, L.P., and then Hale Dorr Wealth Advisers. In 2008 Hale Dorr Wealth Advisors became Silver Bridge.  In 2003, partner Jamie Gorelick began serving as a member of the 9/11 Commission. The two firms merged to form Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr in 2004.
In 2010, the law firm relocated its administrative support base to a new campus in Dayton, Ohio as it seeks to streamline internal business operations across its many offices. The office houses more than 200 employees from existing WilmerHale offices and new employees from the Dayton area. Individuals in the Business Services Center include administrative support staff, bringing together services such as finance, human resources, information technology services, operations, document review and management, and practice management will provides improved efficiencies for administrative teams and the firm, and reduce significant operational expenses.
WilmerHale has ranked in the top 20 in the popular Vault "prestige" ranking of the top hundred American law firms and on the American Lawyer "A-List" of the nation's twenty leading law firms based on revenue per lawyer, pro bono work, associate satisfaction, and diversity. According to the British magazine Legal Week, the firm ranked 14th among American law firms in terms of total revenue in 2006.
Among the companies that have recently been represented by WilmerHale attorneys include: Apple, Akamai Technologies, Amdocs, Analog Devices, AT&T, Avid, Bayer, Becton Dickinson, Biogen Idec, BJ’s Wholesale Club, Boeing, Bose, Boston Scientific, Broadcom, Cephalon, Citigroup, Credit Suisse, Chrysler LLC, Danaher, Deutsche Bank, Deutsche Telekom, Educational Testing Service, EMC, General Electric, Goldman Sachs, The Hartford Financial Group, Honda, HSBC Finance, John Hancock, JPMorgan Chase, Kodak, Lufthansa, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Monsanto, Morgan Stanley, Novartis, Oracle, Panera Bread, PerkinElmer, Pfizer, Philips, Procter & Gamble, Red Hat, Sepracor, Staples, Statoil, Sun Life Financial, Thermo Fisher Scientific, UBS, Varian Semiconductor, WebMD, Wyeth, and Yankee Candle.
A Civil Action
In the late 1980s, Hale and Dorr partner Jerome Facher successfully represented Beatrice Foods in a suit by eight families from Woburn, Massachusetts who claimed that Beatrice, along with W.R. Grace, had polluted the town's water supply, resulting in an elevated number of leukemia cases and immune-system disorders. The case was memorialized in the book A Civil Action, by Jonathan Harr, and in a movie of the same name starring Robert Duvall as Facher and John Travolta as plaintiffs' lawyer Jan Schlichtmann. Upon further discovery, the EPA took the case on and W.R. Grace was successfully indicted for making false statements. Both W. R. Grace and Beatrice Foods paid a total $64.9M to clean up the contaminated sites in Woburn, Massachusetts.
Enron and WorldCom reports
In the wake of news articles raising concerns about transactions between Enron and its CFO, Andy Fastow, lawyers from Wilmer Cutler & Pickering represented a special investigative committee of Enron's board of directors in an internal investigation into those transactions. The resulting report, known as the "Powers Report," laid out the facts that have been the predicate for much of the public discussion of Enron since that time.
Similarly, after WorldCom's announcement that it would have to restate financial statements, the firm represented a special investigative committee of WorldCom's board of directors in performing an internal investigation into the accounting irregularities. The investigation resulted in a widely covered written report that detailed a variety of accounting issues as well as the role of management and the board of directors.
Other notable and controversial clients
In 1986, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering represented corporate raider Ivan Boesky in high-profile Department of Justice and SEC proceedings, as well as multiple class actions based on his alleged participation in insider trading violations.
Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering represented Swiss banks accused of profiting from the Holocaust in their settlement negotiations with plaintiffs. The firm also represented Siemens AG, Krupp AG, and other German companies accused of exploiting forced laborers during the Nazi era.
Both Hale and Dorr and Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering have a long history of involvement in pro bono work. Not surprisingly, WilmerHale has ranked at or near the top of The American Lawyer's pro bono ranking since the merger. In recent years, the firm has been involved in several high-profile cases. Among other things, it has:
- Successfully contended that the Eighth Amendment forbids the death penalty for persons under the age of eighteen in the United States Supreme Court case of Roper v. Simmons. This case was argued by former United States Solicitor General Seth Waxman.
- Represented Senators John McCain and Russ Feingold and other sponsors of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (known popularly as "McCain-Feingold") in defending the Act's constitutionality. Again, Seth Waxman argued the case in front of the Supreme Court, which upheld all of the core provisions of the Act.
- Represented the University of Michigan for six years, after its affirmative action policy was challenged as unconstitutional. The lawyers argued the cases in the Sixth Circuit and in the Supreme Court, which held, in Grutter v. Bollinger, that universities have a compelling interest in achieving the educational benefits of a racially diverse student body.
A team of WilmerHale attorneys currently represents the “Algerian Six”, a group of men who fell under suspicion of planning to attack the US embassy in Bosnia and who are now held in the Guantanamo Bay detainment camp.
In 2006, attorney Melissa Hoffer, then part of the team with WilmerHale, delivered a speech in Caen, France, critical of U.S. detainee policy. Other WilmerHale lawyers participating in the case include Stephen Oleskey, Rob Kirsch, Mark C. Fleming, Lynne Campbell Soutter, Jeffrey Gleason, Lauren Brunswick, and Adam Gershenson.
In January 2007, Cully Stimson, deputy assistant secretary of defense for detainee affairs, criticized WilmerHale and other major law firms for representing "the very terrorists who hit their bottom line back in 2001," and questioned whether such work was really being done pro bono or might actually receive funding from shadowy sources. In a Wall Street Journal editorial criticizing Stimson, Harvard Law School professor (and former United States Solicitor General under President Reagan) Charles Fried wrote:
|“||"It is no surprise that firms like Wilmer Hale (which represents both Big Pharma and Tobacco Free Kids), Covington & Burling (which represents both Big Tobacco and Guantanamo detainees), and the other firms on Mr. Stimson's hit list, are among the most sought-after by law school graduates, and retain the loyalty and enthusiasm of their partners. They offer their lawyers the profession at its best, and help assure that the rule of law is not just a slogan but a satisfying way of life."||”|
The firm has three major offices on the east coast of the United States: Boston, New York, and Washington, D.C.
Attorneys and lawyers
Notable attorneys and lawyers, past and present:
- Amanda Becker (May 3, 2010). "WilmerHale moving support staff to Ohio". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- Anthony Lin (April 20, 2004). "Wilmer Cutler Joins Forces With Hale and Dorr". New York Law Journal.
- "Recognition". About. WilmerHale. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "WilmerHale Legal Services Center". Harvard Law School. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- The Boston Globe, "Hale and Dorr launches "Silver Bridge Advisors", September 29, 2008
- "Dayton - Business Services Center". Offices. WilmerHale. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "Top 50 US Firms 2006". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- Dead link May 7, 2013
- Dead link May 7, 3013 Houston Chronicle
- Larry Schlesinger (June 10, 2003). "WorldCom report: Sullivan masterminded fraud". Accountancy Age. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- Michael J. Bazyler (Fall 2004). "Suing Hitler's Willing Business Partners: American Justice and Holocaust Morality". Jewish Political Studies Review (Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs) 16 (3-4).
- Dead link NBC News as of May 8, 2013
- Melissa Hoffer (April 20, 2006). "Torture in Guantánamo". Cageprisoners Ltd. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Melissa Hoffer. "La leçon de Guantanamo" (video and transcript text and pdf) (in video in English, transcript in French). TV5Monde. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- "Top Pentagon Official Calls for Boycott of Law Firms Representing Guantanamo Prisoners". Democracy Now!. January 17, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- "The folks who brought us Brainwashing and ECT try to clean up: Psychologists, Guantanamo and Torture" article by Stephen Soldz on Counterpunch August 1, 2006, accessed May 8, 2013
- "Bush Lawyer Blasts Law Firms For Representing Detainees" post by Peter Lattman on Law Blog [Wall Street Journal] on the cases, trends and personalities of interest to the business community, January 12, 2007
- "Stimson Under Fire" post by Peter Lattman on Law Blog [Wall Street Journal] on the cases, trends and personalities of interest to the business community, January 16, 2007
- "Supreme Court Rules that Guantanamo Detainees Have Constitutional Right to Habeas Corpus" Wilmer Hale press release, June 12, 2008, retrieved on June 13, 2008