Wilson Lumpkin

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Wilson Lumpkin
Wilson Lumpkin.jpg
35th Governor of Georgia
In office
November 9, 1831 – November 4, 1835
Preceded by George R. Gilmer
Succeeded by William Schley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1827 – March 3, 1829
Preceded by district created
Succeeded by Hugh A. Haralson
Personal details
Born (1783-01-14)January 14, 1783
near Dan River, Virginia
Died December 28, 1870(1870-12-28) (aged 87)
Athens, Georgia
Political party Democratic

Wilson Lumpkin (January 14, 1783 – December 28, 1870) was a governor of Georgia, and a United States Representative and Senator.

Born near Dan River, Virginia, he moved in 1784 to Oglethorpe County, Georgia with his parents, who settled near Point Peter and subsequently at Lexington, Georgia. He attended the common schools, and taught school and farmed; he studied law, and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Athens, Georgia.

Lumpkin was a member of the Georgia House of Representatives from 1804 to 1812, and was elected as a Representative to the Fourteenth United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1815 to March 3, 1817. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection, and was the State Indian Commissioner. He was elected to the Twentieth, Twenty-first, and Twenty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1827, until his resignation in 1831 before the convening of the Twenty-second Congress to run for the governorship; he was also commissioner on the Georgia–Florida boundary line commission. He was elected Governor of Georgia in November 1831. In that election he received 27,305 votes and the incumbent governor George R. Gilmer received 25,863 votes.[1] He served as governor from 1831 to 1835. In 1835, he was appointed commissioner under the Cherokee treaty in 1835. He was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John P. King and served from November 22, 1837, to March 3, 1841; while in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-sixth Congress). Lumpkin was a member of the State board of public works, and died in Athens in 1870; interment was in Oconee Hill Cemetery.

Lumpkin's grandson, Middleton P. Barrow, also served in the U.S. Senate. Lumpkin's brother Joseph Henry Lumpkin was the first chief justice of the Georgia supreme court.[2] Their nephew John Henry Lumpkin was a U.S. Representative from Georgia.[3] The settlers of Terminus (current-day Atlanta) voted to rename their town "Lumpkin" after Wilson Lumpkin. He instead asked for his young daughter Martha W. Lumpkin (later Compton), to be the honoree of the city's first true name, "Marthasville."

The story that the later name "Atlanta" derives from a nickname "Atalanta" for Martha is not supported by the historical evidence.[2] However, Lumpkin County, Georgia, is named for him.[4]


  1. ^ "Governor's Election". Georgia Journal (Milledgeville, Georgia). 28 November 1831. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Paul DeForest Hicks (2002). Joseph Henry Lumpkin: Georgia's First Chief Justice. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. 
  3. ^ Dan Morris and Inez Morris (1974). Who was who in American Politics: A Biographical Dictionary of Over 4,000 Men and Women... Hawthorn Books. 
  4. ^ State of Georgia (2012). "Lumpkin County". State of Georgia. Retrieved 2012-05-29. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
George Troup
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1815 – March 4, 1817
Succeeded by
Thomas Willis Cobb
Preceded by
Representatives elected at large
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 4th congressional district

March 4, 1827 – March 4, 1829
Succeeded by
Representatives elected at large
Preceded by
Representatives elected by district
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1829 – 1831
Succeeded by
Augustin Smith Clayton
Political offices
Preceded by
George R. Gilmer
Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
William Schley
United States Senate
Preceded by
John Pendleton King
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Georgia
November 22, 1837 – March 4, 1841
Served alongside: Alfred Cuthbert
Succeeded by
John Macpherson Berrien
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Henry Dodge
Oldest living U.S. Senator
June 19, 1867 – December 28, 1870
Succeeded by
John Ruggles