Wilton, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates: 54°34′11″N 1°05′48″W / 54.56981°N 1.09673°W / 54.56981; -1.09673

Wilton
Wilton is located in North Yorkshire
Wilton
Wilton
 Wilton shown within North Yorkshire
OS grid reference NZ584197
Unitary authority Redcar and Cleveland
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town REDCAR
Postcode district TS10
Dialling code 01642
Police Cleveland
Fire Cleveland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Redcar
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Wilton is a small village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England.

Geography[edit]

It is located between Redcar and Eston at the base of Eston Hills – to the east of Eston Nab. The village is noted for its golf course and castle, Wilton Castle. It lies just south of the A174 trunk road. On the other side of the A174, is the village of Lazenby.

History[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to St Cuthbert. Wilton Castle was sold to ICI in the 1940s.[1]

Wilton Castle[edit]

The old village school at Wilton, now private housing

Wilton Castle is an early 19th-century mansion house, built on the site of a medieval castle, now converted into residential apartments. It is a Grade II listed building.

Wilton Castle

The Bulmer family owned the manor of Wilton in the 13th century and were granted a licence to fortify their manor house in 1210. In 1331 Ralph Bulmer was granted permission to build a castle on his manor. The estate was confiscated by the Crown following the attainder and execution of Sir John and Lady Bulmer for high treason arising out of their part in the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536. The manor was restored to their son but was lost again, by sequestration in 1644, following Sir William Bulmers opposition to Parliament during the English Civil War. It was again later restored but the castle had been sleighted by Parliamentary forces and made uninhabitable.

The estate was purchased in about 1806 by John Lowther of Swillington, brother of the Earl of Lonsdale. Lowther demolished the remains of the medieval castle and built, in about 1810, an imposing mansion house on the site, to a design by architect Sir Robert Smirke. The Gothick design includes a fifteen bay frontage with a four-storey castellated tower at the centre, flanked by castellated and gabled bays and turrets and five bayed two-storey wings.

Lowther was created a Baronet in 1824 (see Lowther Baronets). On the death of the third Baronet in 1894 the Baronetcy passed to his grandson but the Wilton Castle estate passed to his younger son James Lowther.

The family sold the property in 1945 to Imperial Chemical Industries for use as offices occupied at various times by major industrialists such as Richard Beeching and Sir John Harvey Jones. The park was developed as a golf course for ICI staff. ICI sold it in 1999, after which the golf club was acquired by its members and the castle converted into residential apartments.

The Wilton Chemical Site and Wilton International[edit]

Wilton is a multi-occupancy chemical manufacturing site the north side of the A174 road. The site was formerly wholly owned and operated by ICI and was opened by the Queen in 1956. Following the fragmentation of ICI, the owner of the site since 1995,Enron owned the facility briefly before it was acquired by Sembcorp.[2] Sembcorp a Singaporese company. A number of multinational chemical companies now operate on the site and Sembcorp who are utility company have built the UK's first wood fired power station, Wilton 10, on the site and in 2013 have announced a new waste to energy plant known as Wilton 11.

There have been both closures and new chemical plants built at the Wilton Chemical site as the process industry continues to change and rejuvenate in line with changing consumer demands.

In 2001 BP closed its polythene plant (Polythene 5), which it had bought from ICI in 1982. In the same year Basell closed its polypropylene plant.[3][4] In January 2009, Invista announced it was to close all of its plants on the site. The Teesside Power Station a partially mothballed gas-fired power station is being dismantled.

Companies currently operating on the site include SABIC who have recently built the worlds largest low density polyethylene plant (LDPE)and still operate an ethylene cracker there. Lotte Chemicals are expanding both PTA and PET production. Huntsman manufacture polyurethane intermediates and Ensus have built Europe's largest bioethanol facility. Biffa Polymers now operate a polymer recycling plant that handles up to 30% of the UKs plastic milk bottles. While in support of Semcorp who built the UKs first wood fired power station (Wilton 10), UK Wood Recycling Limited have a significant facility on the site providing waste wood to fuel Wilton 10.

Wilton International is a multi occupancy business and research centre and is one of the main offices used by the economic cluster body the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster(NEPIC). Many occupants of the Wilton International facility are members of the NEPIC Cluster. The Wilton International complex is one of the largest R&D facilities in Europe and is also home to the Centre for Process Innovation (CPI), part of the Technology Strategy Board's High Value Manufacturing Catapult network.[5] Wilton International has both laboratories and scale-up facilities for the chemistry using process industries that are accessed by many companies on a commercial or contract basis.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wilton Parish Church:: OS grid NZ5819 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland – photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Hurworth, Colin (1999). Wilton the First Fifty Years. Falcon Press. ISBN 1872339018. 
  3. ^ "BUSINESS | Chemicals factory shutdown". BBC News. 18 September 2001. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "BUSINESS | Petroleum giant to close factory". BBC News. 21 August 2001. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Catapult - High Value Manufacturing". Technology Strategy Board. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 

External links[edit]

Video clips[edit]