Wilton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wilton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Wiltshire
Major settlements Wilton
18851918
Number of members One
1295–1885
Number of members 1295–1832: Two
1832–1885: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Wilton was the name of a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire. It was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1295 to 1707, then in the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It had two Members of Parliament (MPs) until 1832, but from 1832 to 1885 only one member, as a result of the Reform Act 1832. In 1885 the borough was abolished, but the name of the constituency was then transferred to a new county constituency electing one Member from 1885 until 1918.

History[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Wilton borough[edit]

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Thomas Cuttyng Thomas Moleyns [1]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1388 (Sep) Thomas Cuttyng John Hulle [1]
1390 (Jan) Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391
1393 John Cole Henry Bont [1]
1394 Thomas Cuttyng John Cole [1]
1395 Thomas Cuttyng John Hardy [1]
1397 (Jan) John Hardy William Chitterne [1]
1397 (Sep) John Hardy Thomas Cuttyng [1]
1399 Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1401
1402 John Bottenham William Chitterne [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Robert Frye John Hardy [1]
1407 Robert Frye Robert Lardiner [1]
1410 Robert Frye John Harleston [1]
1411 Robert Frye John Harleston [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Robert Frye John Lambarde [1]
1414 (Apr) John Valeys John Harleston [1]
1414 (Nov) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1415 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1419 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1420 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1421 (May) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1421 (Dec) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1510-1523 No names known[2]
1529 Geoffrey Pole Edmund Knightley [2]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542 Sir Edward Bayntun[3] William Herbert [2]
1545 Sir Thomas Lee Christopher Willoughby [2]
1547 Robert Watson Robert Warner [2]
1553 (Mar) William Damsell[4] William Wightman [2]
1553 (Oct) Nicholas Chowne Henry Creed [2]
1554 (Apr) William Clerke Matthew Colthurst [2]
1554 (Nov) William Clerke Henry Creed [2]
1555 Henry Creed William Clerke[disambiguation needed] [2]
1558 William Clerke Henry Creed [2]
1559 Henry Bodenham Thomas Highgate[5]
1562/3 William Wightman Thomas Highgate [5]
1571 William Wightman Thomas Highgate [5]
1572 William Clerke Francis Vaughan [5]
1584 John Penruddock Roger Earthe [5]
1586 Edward Penruddock Henry Martyn [5]
1588 Thomas Cavendish Robert Penruddock [5]
1593 Sir Thomas Morgan Robert Penruddock [5]
1597 Thomas Muffet[6] Robert Penruddock [5]
1601 Sir Edmund Morgan Hugh Sanford [5]
1604-1611 Sir Thomas Edmonds Hugh Sandford
1614 Sir Robert Sidney Thomas Morgan
1621 Henry Nevill, 9th Baron Bergavenny ennobled 1622
replaced by
Thomas Morgan
Sir Thomas Tracy
1624 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir Percy Hobart
1625 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir William Harrington
1626 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir John Evelyn
1628 John Pooley Sir Thomas Morgan
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Sir Henry Vane (the elder) Parliamentarian Sir Benjamin Rudyerd Parliamentarian
November 1640
December 1648 Rudyerd excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Wilton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Richard Grobham Howe Hon. John Herbert
May 1659 Wilton was not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Richard Grobham Howe Francis Swanton
April 1661 John Nicholas [7] Thomas Mompesson
June 1661 John Berkenhead
February 1679 Hon. Thomas Herbert Thomas Penruddocke
August 1679 Sir John Nicholas
1685 Oliver Nicholas
1689 Thomas Penruddocke Thomas Wyndham
1690 Sir Richard Grobham Howe
1695 John Hawles John Gauntlett
1698 Sir Henry Ashurst
January 1701 Thomas Phipps
November 1701 Sir Henry Ashurst
July 1702 Sir John Hawles George Boddington
November 1702 John Gauntlett
1705 William Nicholas
1708 Sir Lambert Blackwell Charles Mompesson
1710 John London [8]
1711 Peter Bathurst
1713 John London Thomas Pitt [9]
1722 Hon. Robert Sawyer Herbert
1727 Thomas Martin
1734 Colonel the Hon. William Herbert
1757 Hon. Nicholas Herbert
1768 Henry Herbert
1775 Captain Charles Herbert
1780 Lord Herbert William Gerard Hamilton
1785 Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Goldsworthy
1788 Lord Herbert
1790 The Viscount FitzWilliam
1794 Major General Philip Goldsworthy
1801 John Spencer
1804 Ralph Sheldon
1806 Captain the Hon. Charles Herbert
1816 Viscount FitzHarris
1821 John Hungerford Penruddocke Tory
1823 Edward Baker
1830 Henry Bulwer
1831 James Dawkins
1832 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 John Hungerford Penruddocke Conservative
1837 Edward Baker Conservative
1841 Viscount FitzHarris Conservative
1841 by-election Viscount Somerton Conservative
1852 Charles Henry Wyndham A'Court Whig
1855 by-election (Sir) Edmund Antrobus [10] Whig
1859 Liberal
1877 by-election Hon. Sidney Herbert Conservative
1885 Borough abolished - name transferred to county division

Wiltshire, Southern or Wilton Division[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir Thomas Fraser Grove Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Viscount Folkestone Conservative
1900 by-election James Archibald Morrison Conservative
1906 Levi Lapper Morse Liberal
Jan. 1910 Sir Charles Bathurst Conservative
1918 by-election Hugh Morrison Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Wilton[11]

Electorate 8,632

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Levi Lapper Morse 4,272 54.6 +12.9
Conservative James Archibald Morrison 3,548 45.4 -12.9
Majority 724 9.2
Turnout 7,820 90.6 +9.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +12.9

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  3. ^ Wall, Alison. "Baynton family". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/71877.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Stanley T. Bindoff, The House of Commons|| 1509-1558, vol. 4, p. 9
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  6. ^  "Moffett, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  7. ^ Nicholas was also elected for West Looe and Ripon. He chose to represent Ripon, and did not sit for Wilton in this parliament
  8. ^ On petition, London was found not to have been duly elected
  9. ^ Created The Lord Londonderry 1719 and The Viscount Londonderry 1726, both titles being in the Peerage of Ireland
  10. ^ Succeeded to a baronetcy, May 1870
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Election results[edit]

References[edit]

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]