Wimbledon (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Wimbledon in Greater London.
|Electorate||65,936 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Wimbledon and Raynes Park|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Hammond (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Mid Surrey|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Election results
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 from the northeastern part of the former Mid Surrey constituency that elected two MPs. The constituency covered a much larger area than it does today and was reduced in 1918 to create the Mitcham constituency and in 1950 to create the Merton and Morden[n 3].
- Political history
Since 1885 the seat has elected Conservative MPs, except for 1945-1950 and 1997-2005, when in landslide years for Labour, its candidate won the seat. While the 2005 majority was marginal, the 2010 majority was 24.1% of the vote, which in majority terms only suggests a safe seat.[n 4]
In terms of other parties, in 2010 the second-placed candidate was a Liberal Democrat. If including their two predecessor parties this result was their highest share of the vote since 1987, at 25%.
Apart from the three 'main parties' none others have to date reached the 5% of the vote threshold, which is the current retention of deposit threshold.
- Prominent frontbenchers
- Henry Chaplin was sworn of the Privy Council in 1885 when he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until 1886. He became the first President of the Board of Agriculture as part of the Cabinet (1889-1892). In the Conservative cabinet of 1895 to 1900 he was President of the Local Government Board and was responsible for the Agricultural Rates Act 1896.
- Sir Michael Havers (not with this title in his first two years) reached the highest judicial and legal position in the country for four months in 1987, Lord Chancellor who so also acted as Lord Speaker, it not being until 2006 that this position was separated. For eight years previous Sir Michael was Attorney General for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, having served as the more junior, Solicitor General in the Heath ministry.
- Abbey, Cannon Hill, Dundonald, Hillside, Merton Park, Raynes Park, Trinity, Village, West Barnes and Wimbledon Park.
The north and western boundaries are those of the borough. The eastern boundary follows the borough boundary with the London Borough of Wandsworth along the River Wandle east of Summerstown, then along the western edge of Lambeth Cemetery. It then heads south following the Wandle through Colliers Wood and South Wimbledon to cross Morden Hall Park. The boundary then leaves the Wandle to turn west through Morden town centre, then along the London Road (A24) before crossing Morden Park. The boundary then turns north-west towards Cannon Hill Common and then west to pass north of Morden Cemetery to reach the western borough boundary near Motspur Park station.
Wimbledon is bordered by the constituencies of:
- History of boundaries
The seat has a suburban commuter-sustained local economy with many privately owned homes and a range of open green spaces, ranging in value from elevated Wimbledon Village sandwiched between Wimbledon Common and Wimbledon Park[n 5] where a large tranche of homes exceed £1,000,000 to Merton Abbey ruins and South Wimbledon, with large social housing in its wards, and large immigrant populations from Ghana, Nigeria, Poland and South Asia. The hillside and hilltop village has since 1921 been unpromising territory in local council results for any party other than the Conservatives.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Wimbledon|
|Liberal Democrat||Shas Sheehan||11,849||25.0||+6.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Wimbledon|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen M. Gee||7,868||18.1||+5.1|
|UKIP||Andrew T. Mills||408||0.9||−0.1|
|Independent||Christopher J. Coverdale||211||0.5||N/A|
|Tiger's Eye - the Party for Kids||Alastair P. Wilson||50||0.1||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||George Weiss||22||0.1||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||7.2|
|General Election 2001: Wimbledon|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin D. Pierce||5,341||13.0||−3.6|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||1,007||2.4||+1.4|
|Christian Peoples||Roger E. Glencross||479||1.2||N/A|
|UKIP||Mrs. Mariana Bell||414||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Wimbledon|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs. Alison L. Willott||8,014||16.6||−4.7|
|Referendum Party||Abid Hameed||993||2.1||+2.1|
|Green||Rajeev K. Thacker||474||1.0||−0.7|
|ProLife Alliance||Mrs. Sophie A.H. Davies||346||0.7||+0.7|
|Mongolian Barbeque Great Place to Party||Matthew G. Kirby||112||0.2||+0.2|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Graham L. Stacey||47||0.1||+0.1|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+17.9|
|General Election 1992: Wimbledon|
|Labour||Kingsley J. Adams||11,570||23.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs. Alison L. Willott||10,569||21.3|
|Green||Vaughan H. Flood||860||1.7|
|Natural Law||Hugh R.A. Godfrey||181||0.4|
|Independent||Graham W. Hadley||170||0.3|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Wimbledon|
|Liberal||Adrian C. Slade||13,237||27.46|
|Labour||Mrs. C.M. Bickerstaff||10,428||21.63|
|General Election 1983: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Havers||24,169||52.06|
|Liberal||David J. Twigg||12,623||27.19|
|Party of Associates with Licensees||E.J. Weakner||114||0.25|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Havers||27,567||55.10|
|National Front||A. Bailey||612||1.22|
|General Election October 1974: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Havers||23,615||48.53|
|General Election February 1974: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Havers||26,542||48.62|
|Independent||William G. Boaks||240||0.44|
|General Election 1970: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Havers||15,285||53.47|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Black||15,191||50.33|
|General Election 1964: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Black||15,952||52.03|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Black||21,538||66.86|
|General Election 1955: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Black||22,112||65.55|
|General Election 1951: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Black||42,218||66.53|
|General Election 1950: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir Cyril Black||40,339||61.33|
|Liberal||Ian Forester Gibson||5,136||7.81|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Election in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Wimbledon|
|Common Wealth||K. Horne||2,472||3.64|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir John Power||36,816||67.84|
|General Election 1931: Wimbledon|
|Conservative||Sir John Power||39,643||80.38|
|Election results are missing from this article.|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Later these merged to form Mitcham and Morden
- The other measure is the historic measure which applied also in this instance but only until 1997.
- This is where the All-England lawn tennis club and the croquet club where the The Championships are held in June each year.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.