Wimborne St Giles
|Wimborne St Giles|
Wimborne St Giles shown within Dorset
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Wimborne St Giles|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||North Dorset|
Wimborne St Giles is a village in east Dorset, England, situated on Cranborne Chase seven miles north of Wimborne Minster and 12 miles north of Poole. The village has a population of 366 (2001). The village rests within the Shaftesbury estate, owned by the Earl of Shaftesbury. A tributary of the River Allen, formerly known as the Wimborne, snakes its way through the village.
Wimborne St Giles, as the village of St Giles, has a long history recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. The village of Wimborne St Giles was established in 1733, when the St Giles and All Hallows parishes were merged at the request of Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury.
As of 2001[update], the population is 366, served by the village hall, post office, parish church, and a primary school. Local businesses include an India Jane franchise and the Bull Inn local pub and boutique hotel. Recreational enterprises include commercial shooting, a trout farm, and fly fishing on the River Allen. The village is largely agricultural, with residents generally commuting to nearby cities and towns for employment.
Wimborne St Giles is a hundred and parish located in the wooded valley of the River Allen, near the royal hunting ground of Cranborne Chase. As originally divided, various parishes and villages resided within the hundred, including the parishes of West Woodyates, St Giles, and All Hallows. The tithing of All Hallows is located in the village, as well as the eponymous parish of Wimborne St Giles.
In 1086, the village of All Hallows was considered the more prominent of the two villages. The Domesday Book reveals the existence of a church in All Hallows, which served as the principal church for the area. At the time of the survey, there was only a small chapel in the village of St Giles.
St Giles House
Early property owners in St Giles included the Malmayne family. Matilda Malmayne, heiress of the Malmayne estate, married Edmund Plecy. Ownership of the estate encompassing the present-day St Giles House has not changed hands through purchase since the Norman Conquest. In 1375, the manor estate was known as St Giles Upwymbourne Plecy.
The Plecy male line became extinct towards the end of the 14th century, and the estate was transferred to Edmund and Matilda's descendant Joan Plecy, as heiress. Lady Joan Plecy was soon married to Sir John Hamelyn (d. 1399), high sheriff of Somerset. When Hamelyn died, there were no male heirs. The estate went to Sir John's daughter Egidia, by his second wife, who married Robert Ashley. The family estate, initially known as the Ashley Manor, has belonged to the Ashleys and Ashley-Coopers ever since.
The cornerstone of St Giles House, home to the Earl of Shaftesbury, was laid by Sir Anthony Ashley-Cooper, (then 2nd Baronet), later Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury on 19 March 1650. The country house was built on the remains of Ashley Manor. Incorporating late medieval work in the basement and cellars, the continued construction of the main body of St Giles House was initiated in 1651.
When the Earl of Shaftesbury built a new country house close to St Giles, the writing was on the wall for All Hallows. In 1672, Sir Anthony wrote to the Keeper of the Great Seal, offering to give King Charles II a living of his choice in exchange for being allowed to close down the living of All Hallows and concentrate worship at St Giles, following the opening of the newly rebuilt in 1732. The 1st earl's request to the king was granted in 1733, at which time, the St Giles and All Hallows parishes were merged.
The newly combined parishes of St Giles and All Hallows took the name of Wimborne St Giles. The name is derived from the meadow stream which flows through both villages, from Old English winn and burna. St Giles and All Hallows refer to the respective dedications of the churches, Saint Giles being an eighth century hermit of Provençal origin and All Hallows meaning all saints.
In 1742, All Hallows church was demolished, leaving only the lychgate and churchyard. While the parish was centralised in Wimborne St Giles, the churchyard at All Hallows continued to be used for burials up to the end of the 19th century, because there was no room for a burial ground at Wimborne St Giles church, which was restored in 1852. In the early 20th century a new cemetery was opened on the opposite side of road to the All Hallows graveyard.
Nearest towns and villages
- Cranborne – 1.5 miles away
- Farnham – 5.6 miles away
- Tarrant Hinton – 5.8 miles away
- Tarrant Rushton – 6.8 miles away
- Wimborne Minster – 8.2 miles away
- Blandford Forum – 9.7 miles away
- Poole – 12.6 miles away
- Salisbury – 12.8 miles away
- Knowlton Church and Earthworks – 0.9 miles (historic church)
- Edmondsham House and Gardens – 1.6 miles (historic house)
- Chettle House – 5.5 miles (historic house)
- Kingston Lacy – 6.7 miles (historic house)
- Badbury Rings – 6.8 miles (prehistoric site)
- Larmer Tree Gardens – 6.8 miles (garden)
- Knoll Gardens – 7.1 miles (garden)
- Deans Court – 7.2 miles (garden)
The village has a school, a pub called "The Bull", a church, a post office and a village hall. The River Allen runs through the village. Every year the village holds a fete, which sometimes features a duck race.
The bow of Eros (properly Anteros) in Piccadilly Circus, London was originally positioned to point towards Wimborne St Giles, the country seat of the 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, in commemoration of his philanthropic works.
- "Conservation Areas in East Dorset". Dorsetforyou.com. April 2006. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- "Some historical facts of Wimborne St. Giles Village and School". Wimbornestgiles.dorset.sch.uk. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- "Wimborne St Giles Parish Records, Dorset". Opcdorset.org. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- "St. Giles House". Shaftesbury Estates. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- Betjeman, J. Sir John Betjeman's guide to English parish churches, revised and updated by Nigel Kerr. London: HarperCollins, page 186, 1993.
- Dorset Historic Churches Trust. Dorset Churches, Dorchester: DHCT, page 58, 1988.
- Hope, M. Dorset, In: Humphrey, S.C., ed., Blue guide: churches and chapels of southern England, London: Black; New York: Norton, pp. 206-208, 1991.
- Hutchins, J. The history and antiquities of the County of Dorset, 3rd ed., edited by W. Shipp and J.W. Hodson, Westminster: J.B. Nichols, 1861-1873.
- Mee, A., ed., Dorset: Thomas Hardy's country, The King's England. London: Hodder and Stoughton, pp. 297-302, 1939.
- Newman, J. and Pevsner, N. The buildings of England: Dorset, Harmondsworth: Penguin, pp. 469-468, 1972.
- Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England). An inventory of historical monuments in the County of Dorset, Vol. 5, East Dorset. London: HMSO, pp. 92-94, 1975.
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