|• Total||7.7 sq mi (20 km2)|
|• Land||7.6 sq mi (20 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||994 ft (303 m)|
|• Density||2,187.6/sq mi (844.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0506924|
Winchester (Shawnee: Eskippakithiki) is a city in and the county seat of Clark County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 18,368 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.
There are 3 main highways in the county. Kentucky Route 1958 (Bypass Road) is an outer loop around the town. Kentucky Route 627 (Boonesborough Road) connects to downtown to Richmond. US Route 60 (Winchester-Lexington Road/Lexington Avenue) runs through downtown Winchester. Mountain Parkway and Interstate 64 pass nearby.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.7 square miles (19.9 km2), of which 7.6 square miles (19.7 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,724 people, 6,907 households, and 4,620 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,187.6 per square mile (844.6 /km2). There were 7,400 housing units at an average density of 968.0 per square mile (373.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.94% White, 8.83% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.
There were 6,907 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93.
|U.S. Census Bureau|
In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,254, and the median income for a family was $36,797. Males had a median income of $31,295 versus $21,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,611. About 13.1% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.
Winchester has been home to several higher education establishments. Kentucky Wesleyan College was located in the city from 1890 to 1954. When Kentucky Wesleyan left, the local Churches of Christ organized Southeastern Christian College on the former Kentucky Wesleyan campus. After SCC folded in the 1970s, the campus was preserved as a public park. Today, Clark County is home to the Winchester Campus of Bluegrass Community and Technical College.
George Rogers Clark High School
The city's only public high school, George Rogers Clark High School opened in the fall of 1963, consolidating the Clark County High School and Winchester High School locally referred to as county high and city high respectively. The school has a strong record in athletics, celebrating state championships in numerous sports. The boy's basketball team (County) won the 1951 Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) state title under head coach Letcher Norton. In 1991, the football team won the KHSAA Class AAAA state championship, while the girl's track and field team won the KHSAA Class AAA state title. In 1999, the boy's golf team finished as runner-up in the state tournament, and continues to make noise in the golf community, with several of its 1999 team members moving on to college golf and semi-pro golf. The boy's soccer team finished as runner-up in the state tournament in 2007. The most recent addition to GRC Athletics is the boys and girls swim team, which competed in its first season during the 2005-2006 school year.
Winchester has been home to several notable historical figures, including:
Historical and political
- Daniel Boone, who established Fort Boonesborough on the Kentucky River. Boone is a respected figure in the town, with an annual "Pioneer Festival" held in his honor.
- Chilton Allan (1786–1858) was a United States Representative from Kentucky.
- Armstead M. Alexander, (1834–1892), United States Congressman from Missouri.
- William Harrow, (1822–1871), Union general in the American Civil War.
- Helen Thomas, White House press correspondent.
Artists and writers
- Joel Tanner Hart, sculptor (1810–1877).
- Bill and Texas Martin, Songwriters/Recording artists-Founders/Owners of RCM Records (Bill (1938–1999) Texas (1938–1989))
- Homer Ledford, (1927–2006), instrument maker and Bluegrass musician.
- Allen Tate, (1899–1979), poet associated with the Agrarians, a group of Southern poets and most noted for "Ode to the Confederate Dead"
- Matt Ginter, major league baseball player.
- Yeremiah Bell, plays safety for the New York Jets NFL team.
- Preston Knowles, college basketball player for the University of Louisville
- Todd Svoboda, college basketball player for the University of Kentucky
- Claude Sullivan, sports broadcaster
- Becca Curtis, women's pro soccer league
- Bluegrass Heritage Museum
- Clark County Court House
- Clark Mansion
- Dale Station
- Governor Clark House
- Indian old fields
- Kerr Building
- Leeds Theater
- Mt. Olive Baptist Church
- Oakwood Estate
- Old Providence Church
- Pilot Knob
- Winchester Opera House
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Winchester has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "About Us - Our History". Piqua Shawnee Tribe. 2011. Retrieved 2013-02-17.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Census Bureau Retrieved on 2010-2-12
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- Climate Summary for Winchester, Kentucky
|Wikisource has the text of The New Student's Reference Work article Winchester, Ky..|
- Winchester, Kentucky online
- George Rogers Clark High School
- Bluegrass Heritage Museum
- Daniel Boone National Forest
- Downtown Winchester Webcams