Winchester (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Winchester in Hampshire.
Location of Hampshire within England.
|Electorate||74,138 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Winchester, Chandler's Ford, Hiltingbury and Alresford|
|Member of Parliament||Steve Brine (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||1295–1885: Two
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency comprises the northern bulk of the large City of Winchester District as well as Chandler's Ford and Hiltingbury in the Borough of Eastleigh, and as such is a swathe of mid-Hampshire. The largest settlement is Winchester. Following their review of parliamentary representation in Hampshire, the Boundary Commission for England has created a new seat in the county. A new Meon Valley constituency was formed in 2010 from parts of the old Winchester seat.
The seat has electoral wards:
- Chandler's Ford: East and West wards, and Hiltingbury: East and West wards in the Borough of Eastleigh
- Colden Common and Twyford, Compton and Otterbourne, Itchen Valley, Kings Worthy, Littleton and Harestock, Oliver's Battery and Badger Farm, St Barnabus, St Bartholomew, St John and All Saints, St Luke, St Michael, St Paul, Sparsholt, The Alresfords, and Wonston and Micheldever in the City of Winchester District.
- History of boundaries
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies by making slight changes to this constituency for the 2010 general election, namely the loss of 11 mostly rural wards in and around Bishops Waltham to a new seat, Meon Valley.[n 3] In return, Winchester gained four suburban and partially urban wards at the northern edge of Eastleigh.
The chartered city sent burgesses (equivalent to advisory MPs) to the Model Parliament of 1295 and then to most Parliaments convened by the monarch in the medieval period and thereafter; its representation being fixed at two in number during this long period of English history. As is common, major disruption in representation caused by both infrequency of Parliaments convened and allegiance of the incumbents (whether a Royalist or a Parliamentarian) led to sporadic representation during the Protectorate of England and its Commonwealth which followed the end of most fighting during the English Civil War, in this case the stripping of wealth and status from Sir William Ogle followed his being supportive of the wrong faction at the wrong time.
Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 reduced the narrow borough constituency that elected two MPs to only one, permitting the creation of new broader replacement seats in surrounding Hampshire countryside for two abolished boroughs: Andover and Fareham (also known as West and South Hampshire respectively).
- Political history
At the 1997 general election the incumbent MP Gerry Malone of the Conservative Party was defeated by Mark Oaten of the Liberal Democrats by just two votes. Malone petitioned the result and it was declared void by the High Court on the grounds of mis-stamped ballots having altered the outcome, necessitating a by-election. This was won definitively by Oaten with a very large majority of 21,556, in an election that saw the Labour vote collapse to 1.7% hence the candidate, Patrick Davies, losing his deposit.
The events of 1997 swung the constituency strongly away from its usual status as a fairly safe Conservative seat.
- Avoidance of confusion in party names
Oaten stood down at the 2010 general election and was replaced as Liberal Democrat candidate by Martin Tod. Following significant boundary changes, Tod was defeated by Conservative candidate Steve Brine, who took the seat with a majority of 3,048 votes, a modest majority which cannot be described as either marginal or safe.
- Prominent frontbenchers
- Sir George Hennessy was a senior whip (Vice-Chamberlain of the Household then Treasurer of the Household) from 1925 to 1929, being given the style 'sir' through a baronetcy in 1927.
- Peter Smithers resigned the seat in 1964 to serve as Secretary General of the Council of Europe until 1969.
- Gerry Malone became a Health Minister in 1994.
- Mark Oaten became Liberal Democrat Home Affairs Spokesman from 2003 until January 2006.
The ancient capital of Wessex, Winchester is a cathedral city with the arts and humanities-oriented University and an affluent population. Deprivation levels are very low, and the population is a mix of students, academics, London and Southampton commuters, and those employed locally in high-tech and creative industries.
Further from the city centre is more rural farming territory, partially in the South Downs National Park at its western end. of this has now been transferred to other seats, making the Winchester seat more urban.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.4% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1295)
1295 to 1660
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Winchester|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Tod||24,107||43.1||−7.0|
|English Democrats||Mark Lancaster||503||0.9||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+9.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Winchester|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Oaten||31,225||50.6||−4.0|
|Independent||Arthur Uther Pendragon||581||0.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−2.1|
|General Election 2001: Winchester|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Oaten||32,282||54.6||+12.5|
|Wessex Regionalist||Henrietta Rous||66||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing|
Note: The percentage differences are compared to the previous general election poll, not the by-election.
Elections in the 1990s
|Winchester by-election, 1997|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Oaten||37,006||68.0||+26|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||316||0.6||+0.1|
|Literal Democrat||Richard Huggett||59||0.1||−0.9|
|Natural Law||Rosemary Barry||48||0.1||+0.1|
|Independent Conservative||Roger Everest||40||0.1||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1997: Winchester|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Oaten||26,100||42.1||+4.3|
|Referendum Party||Peter Strand||1,598||2.6||+2.6|
|"Liberal Democrat Top Choice for Parliament"||Richard Huggett||640||1.0||+1.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||Peter Stockton||307||0.5||+0.5|
|Void election result||Swing|
Note: The result reflects the official return made at the time. It was subsequently declared void upon petition.
Because of the presence on the ballot paper of Richard Huggett as "Liberal Democrat Top Choice for Parliament", Oaten used the description "Liberal Democrat: Leader: Paddy Ashdown" to identify himself as the official Liberal Democrat candidate.
|General Election 1992: Winchester|
|Liberal Democrat||AD Barron||24,992||37.8||−2.4|
|Independent Conservative||John Browne||3,095||4.7||+4.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Winchester|
|Social Democrat||JL MacDonald||24,716||40.2||+6.2|
|General Election 1983: Winchester|
|Social Democrat||J. MacDonald||18,861||34.02|
|Wessex Regionalist||S. Winkworth||155||0.28|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Winchester|
|Wessex Regionalist||M. Mahoney||395||0.58|
|General Election October 1974: Winchester|
|General Election February 1974: Winchester|
|General Election 1970: Winchester|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Winchester|
|General Election 1964: Winchester|
The By-Election was held on 14 May 1964
|By-election, 1964: Winchester|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Winchester|
|General Election 1955: Winchester|
|General Election 1951: Winchester|
|General Election 1950: Winchester|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Election in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Winchester|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Winchester|
|General Election 1931: Winchester|
|Conservative||Sir Robert Geoffrey Ellis||31,131||69.71|
|Labour||Dr. R.A. Lyster||13,529||30.29|
|Election results are missing from this article.|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Bishops Waltham, Boarhunt and Southwick, Cheriton and Bishops Sutton, Denmead, Droxford with Soberton and Hambledon, Owslebury and Curdridge, Shedfield, Swanmore and Newtown, Upper Meon Valley, Whiteley, and Wickham.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- 2011 Census - Key Statistics - Industries
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- History of Parliament - constituencies Accessed 2011-10-02
- "History of Parliamemt". Retrieved 2011-10-02.
- "History of Parliamemt". Retrieved 2011-10-02.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 334–335. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Winchester". BBC News.
- United Kingdom Election Results
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.