Winchester Model 1200

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Winchester Model 1200
Winchester1200Def-1.jpg
Winchester Model 1200 Defender
Type Pump-action shotgun
Place of origin  United States
Service history
In service 1968-1969
Used by See Users
Wars Vietnam War, Darfur Conflict
Production history
Designed 1964
Manufacturer Winchester
Produced 1965-2006
Variants Model 1200 Defender
Specifications
Weight 6.5 lb (2.9 kg)

Caliber 12-gauge, 16-gauge, 20-gauge
Action Pump-action
Feed system One-six shotshell tubular magazine
Sights Muzzle-mounted bead sight

The Model 1200 and Model 1300 were two pump-action shotguns that were manufactured by the Winchester-Western Division of Olin Corporation. It was produced in 12-, 16- and 20-gauge. The military version of the 1200 has the ability to have a bayonet fixed on the end of the barrel to be used in close quarter combat. It is a takedown type shotgun which means it has the capability of being taken apart for easy transportation and storage.[1]

History[edit]

The Winchester Model 1200 was introduced in 1964 as a low-cost replacement for the venerable Model 12.[2] A small number of these weapons were acquired by the United States Army in 1968 and 1969.[3] The military style Model 1200 was essentially the same weapon as the civilian version, except it had a ventilated handguard, sling swivels, and a bayonet lug.[3] The Model 1200 was succeeded by the Winchester Model 1300 in 1983 when U.S. Repeating Arms Company became the manufacturer of Winchester firearms.[1] Production of the Model 1300 ceased in 2006, when USRAC went bankrupt.[4]

Description[edit]

The Winchester Model 1200 is a 20-inch, 12-gauge, manually operated, slide action shotgun. The slide action, also known as a pump-action, means that the shotgun has a moving bolt system which is operated by a "wooden or composite slide called the fore-end".[5] The fore-end is located on the underside of the barrel and moves front to back. The weapon can hold a maximum of five rounds total with four in the tubular magazine and one in the chamber. It has a hammerless action which means that there is no external hammer spur. There is only a firing pin which strikes the primer on the shell to ignite the powder in the round. The Model 1200 is a takedown type of shotgun; meaning that it can be taken apart for easy storage and transportation.[6]

The Model 1200 was the first shotgun to utilize a rotary bolt with four locking lugs secured within the barrel extension. The 1200 was Winchester's first shotgun to incorporate the company's patented Winchoke system, a quick change tube to allow the easy replacement of chokes.[1]

Bayonet[edit]

A bayonet could be attached to the front end of the barrel of the Military version of the Model 1200. The primary uses of the bayonet on the model 1200 are for close combat, guarding prisoners, and riot duty.[6] The most commonly used bayonet with the Model 1200 was the M1917 bayonet. After World War I ended, there was a large surplus of the M-1917 bayonets because the Army decided to keep the M1903 Springfield as the standard issued rifle. The M-1917 bayonet did not fit the Springfield rifles so instead of just getting rid of them, the Army decided to make newer shotguns compatible with the bayonets.[7]

Variants[edit]

  • Model 1200: Standard capacity model with four-shell tubular magazine
  • Model 1200 Defender: Increased capacity model with six-shell tubular magazine (Six 3" Shells or seven 2&3/4" Shells).
  • Model 1200 Police: Increased capacity variant of the Model 1200 with an electroless nickel plated barrel and magazine tube.
  • Model 1200 Riot: Standard capacity model with 18.5" barrel and rifle sights. Blued steel barrel and magazine. Marked "Riot" on barrel.
  • Ted Williams Model 200: Standard Model 1200 marketed by Sears
  • Model 1200 Hunting: 28-inch barrel with a built-in choke and a five-shell tubular magazine.
  • Model 1300: Slightly updated version with five-shell tubular magazine
  • Model 1300 Defender: Increased capacity variants of the Model 1300 with a seven-shell tubular magazine.
  • Model 1300 Marine: Increased capacity variant of the Model 1300 with an electroless nickel plated barrel and magazine tube.
  • Various Model 1300 variants[8][9]
  • Model 2200: Model 1200 with full length stock and barrel, produced for the Canadian firearms market.
  • Model 120: Budget version marketed at various department stores, such as K-Mart. Birch stock, fixed choke, etc.
  • Ranger Model 120: Budget version marketed at sporting goods stores, such as K-Mart. Plain stock, Winchoke, etc.

Users[edit]

The Model 120 Ranger (note correction in name order) is a smaller/youth version of the Model 120.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wilson, R. L. (2008). Winchester: An American Legend. Book Sales, Inc. pp. 223–265. ISBN 978-0-7858-1893-9. 
  2. ^ Criss, Chuck (2008-05-28). "Winchester Repeating". olive-drab.com. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
  3. ^ a b Criss, Chuck (2008-05-22). "WINCHESTER 1200 SHOTGUN". Olive-drab.com. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
  4. ^ Hunter, Stephen (2006-01-21). "Out With A Bang". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 
  5. ^ Coustan, Dave. "How Shotguns Work". HowStuffWorks.com. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  6. ^ a b Westmoreland, William (1970-03-11). "Winchester Model 1200 Riot Shotgun Manual". U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
  7. ^ Criss, Chuck (2008-05-22). "M-1917 BAYONET". Olive-drab.com. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
  8. ^ Winchester Repeating Firearms. "IWinchester Firearms timeline". Winchester Repeating Arms. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  9. ^ Winchester Repeating Firearms. "IWinchester 1200 and Model 130 comparison". Winchester Repeating Arms. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  10. ^ "zbrane.indd" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
  11. ^ Julio A. Montes. Peruvian Small Arms Gunning for the Shining Path // "Small Arms Defence Journal", № 8, 2011
  12. ^ Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 587 от 14 августа 1992 года "Вопросы частной детективной и охранной деятельности"
  13. ^ "3. Установить, что огнестрельное оружие, приобретенное в соответствии с законодательством Российской Федерации негосударственными (частными) охранными предприятиями до вступления в силу настоящего постановления и не включенное в перечень видов вооружения охранников, утвержденный постановлением Правительства Российской Федерации от 14 августа 1992 г. N 587 (с изменениями, внесенными настоящим постановлением), может находиться на вооружении охранников до 1 марта 2006 г."
    Постановление Правительства РФ № 179 от 4 апреля 2005
  14. ^ "в 1995 году... охранники московского охранного бюро "Алекс" В. Смирнов и А. Утехин, возвращаясь из служебной командировки, распили спиртные напитки с неизвестными лицами. В результате, были утрачены пистолет ПМ и помповое ружье "Winchester-1300""
    Виктор Микляев. Не верьте "Грифону"! // "Частный сыск. Охрана. Безопасность" № 10, 1995, стр.10-11
  15. ^ Canfield, Bruce N. American Rifleman (March 2002) pp.44-47&92-95

External links[edit]