Wind River Systems
|Key people||Barry Mainz, President|
|Revenue||US$359.7 million (FY ended Jan 31 2009)|
Wind River Systems, Inc. is a company providing a comprehensive embedded system software portfolio which comprises run-time software, industry-specific software solutions, simulation technology, development tools and middleware. The company was founded in Berkeley, California in 1981 by Jerry Fiddler and David Wilner. On June 4, 2009, Wind River announced that Intel had bought the company for a reported $884 million. Wind River continues to exist as a wholly owned subsidiary of Intel. Its product portfolio is supported by global professional services and support, and a broad partner ecosystem.
Wind River concentrates on middleware: software and operating systems for information appliances and devices for intelligent connected systems. Wind River’s technologies are used in a wide range of markets including: Aerospace & Defense, Automotive, Energy, Industrial, Medical, Consumer Electronics and Networking & Communications. Their products are used in industrial and transportation systems such as factory automation, robotics, rail transport, smart grids; military systems such as unmanned vehicles and military communications, telecommunication infrastructure equipment such as routers; automotive systems such as connected in-vehicle infotainment, digital cluster displays, telematics, braking systems; consumer devices such as multifunction printers. digital cameras, projectors, set-top boxes, traffic signals aircraft and aerospace systems such as Mars rovers MER-A and MER-B.
Among their flagship products are the VxWorks real-time operating system, the Wind River Linux operating system, and the Eclipse-based Wind River Workbench IDE. VxWorks began as an add-on to the VRTX operating system in the early 1980s. Wind River Workbench superseded the previous Tornado environment.
Wind River's head offices are located at 500 Wind River Way, Alameda, California. The company’s corporate umbrella message is focused on the critical role of software for the Internet of Things (IoT).
Wind River Systems was formed by a partnership of Jerry Fiddler and Dave Wilner. In 1981, Fiddler had come out of Berkeley Labs to write software for control systems, but wanted to pursue a career in computer generated music, which he funded through a consultancy business focused on real-time. His early clients included the National Football League and film director Francis Ford Coppola — for whom he designed a unique film editing system. Wilner, a former colleague at Berkeley, joined Fiddler and they formed a partnership called Wind River Systems (named after Wind River, Wyoming, where Fiddler had vacationed that year).
- 1983: Wind River is incorporated in 1983 with each partner contributing $3,000 and a desk to the business.
- 1987: Wind River introduces VxWorks, a leading real-time operating system for embedded devices.
- 1995: VxWorks launches into space on the NASA Clementine moon probe. Also, the Tornado integrated development environment is launched and wins EDN’s Embedded Development Software Innovation of the Year award as the first graphically oriented development environment for embedded.
- 1997: VxWorks, the real-time operating system for NASA’s Mars Pathfinder mission, lands on Mars.
- 1999: Acquisition of one of their major competitors, Integrated Systems Inc., makers of pSOS. Wind River has since discontinued the pSOS product line and has recommended existing pSOS customers move to VxWorks
- 2004: Wind River officially enters the embedded Linux market, with a Carrier Grade Linux platform targeting the networking & communications infrastructure industry. Also, NASA’s Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, powered by VxWorks, land on Mars. Wind River helped in manufacturing the IntelliStar for The Weather Channel. The IntelliStar is used at Cable Headends to insert Local Weather into The Weather Channel's national programming.
- 2007: Wind River joins Google’s Open Handset Alliance as an original Linux commercialization partner.
- 2008: Wind River establishes the embedded Linux market share lead with greater than 30 percent of total market revenue, four years after entering the market.
- 2009: Intel acquires Wind River for approximately $884 million and it becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Intel. Wind River launches a commercial Android software platform. Wind River becomes a founding member of the GENIVI Alliance.
- 2010: Wind River adds Simics, a full system simulator, to its product portfolio. VxWorks becomes the first RTOS to be certified under Wurldtech’s Achilles certification program, a standard for industrial cyber security. Wind River partners with Intel and the Linux Foundation to create the Yocto Project, an open source collaboration project providing templates, tools and methods to help developers create embedded Linux-based systems.
- 2011: VDC Research names Wind River the embedded market leader; including title of traditional RTOS market leader for its complete portfolio of products and services for the 2nd consecutive year, led by its VxWorks RTOS; and as the embedded Linux market leader for the 3rd consecutive year for its Wind River Linux platform and related solutions.
- 2012: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) successfully lands Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity, powered by Wind River technology. Wind River debuts software platform targeted at gateways and hubs for the Internet of Things.
- 2013: Wind River becomes part of Intel’s Internet of Things Group (IOTG), but remains a wholly owned subsidiary.
- 2014: Wind River introduces its commercial, carrier grade software platform for network functions virtualization (NFV) applications, as well as its next-generation VxWorks platform reinvented for the Internet of Things.
- 2014: Wind River fined $750,000 by Bureau of Industry and Security for exporting encryption technology to countries including Israel and South Korea.
VxWorks is the original flagship product of Wind River. It is a real-time operating system intended for embedded devices. It runs on many architectures, and supports features such as SMP, IPv6, TIPC and memory protection.
Wind River Linux
Wind River's Linux product is source code and a build system that generate runtime images suitable for embedded devices. It supports a variety of architectures, including ARM, MIPS, PowerPC, IA32 and SPARC.
In 2004, Wind River announced a partnership with Red Hat to create a new Linux-based distribution for embedded devices. Wind River has since ended its partnership with Red Hat and now ships its own Linux distribution optimized for embedded Linux development.
Wind River released the first version of its embedded Linux distribution, Platform for Network Equipment - Linux Edition (PNE-LE) 1.0 in 2005. It was registered against the Carrier Grade Linux 2.0 specification and supported IA32 and PPC architectures. They added other platforms in subsequent releases, General Purpose Platform - Linux Edition (GPP-LE) and Platform for Consumer Devices - Linux Edition PCD-LE) starting in version 1.4. In 2013 Wind River announced Wind River Linux 6.0.
Wind River Systems acquired FSMLabs embedded technology in February 2007 and made a version available as Wind River Real-Time Core for Wind River Linux. As of August 2011, Wind River has discontinued the Wind River Real-Time Core product line, effectively ending commercial support for the RTLinux product.
In 2008, Wind River announced cooperation with BMW, Intel and Magneti Marelli for development of a Linux-based open-source platform to control in-car electronics, which was extended in the GENIVI Alliance in 2009.
In 2012, Wind River introduced a new version of Wind River Linux that was developed from the Yocto Project™ open source development infrastructure and has achieved Yocto Project Compatible registration.
Wind River (Diab) Compiler
Wind River acquired Dataindustrier AB's Diab Compiler as part of its acquisition of Integrated Systems Inc. Originally designed by Wind River's former CTO, Tomas Evensen, it is now available as part of Wind River's VxWorks platforms. It can also be licensed separately for non-VxWorks users. The compiler supports PowerPC, ARM, MIPS, SH, ColdFire, TriCore, Intel, and more architectures.
Tilcon Graphics Suite
Tilcon Software Limited was acquired by Wind River in 2009. The Tilcon software consists of a graphical user interface builder - a tool that runs on a Windows or Linux host - and a GUI engine that runs on an embedded processor that renders graphics through a number of different standard graphics libraries. The Tilcon software supports VxWorks, Linux and Windows operating systems.
Wind River Titanium Server
Introduced in 2014, the Wind River Titanium Server provides a Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) software platform used by network equipment suppliers to build NFV equipment. The product is based on Wind River Open Virtualization and includes Wind River Linux, an optimized real-time Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM++), Intel Data Plane Development Kit (Intel DPDK), accelerated vSwitch technologies and carrier grade enhancements to OpenStack. The server provides the following basic capabilities:
- “six 9s” availability
- virtual network functions (VNFs) features to accelerate performance, and simplify their instantiation, management, and maintenance
- manage applications through existing OSS/BSS/NMS systems
- high scalability
- service level agreement (SLA) performance and security
Wind River acquired the software assets of Berkeley Software Design Inc. (BSDI) in 2001. These comprised the BSD/OS operating system, plus involvement in the FreeBSD open source project. The FreeBSD unit was divested as a separate entity in 2002 as FreeBSD Mall, Inc.
Faced with competition from the open source FreeBSD and Linux-based operating systems, Wind River discontinued BSD/OS in December 2003. However, by this time some technology from BSD/OS had been contributed to the open source BSD community.
- 1997: DSP Foundry (WiSP RTOS for Motorola DSP563xx family)
- 1999: Integrated Systems Inc.
- 2000: merge staff of Dragonfly Software Consulting
- 2000: Embedded Support Tools Corp. (ESTC)
- 2000: ICEsoft (Bergen, Norway)
- 2000: AudeSi Technologies Inc. (Calgary, Alberta, Canada)
- 2001: Eonic Systems (Virtuoso RTOS)
- 2001: Berkeley Software Design Inc. (BSDI)
- 2005: ScopeTools business unit from Real-Time Innovations
- 2006: Interpeak AB (Stockholm, Sweden)
- 2007: Assets of FSMLabs (Socorro, New Mexico, United States)
- 2008: MIZI (Seoul, South Korea)
- 2009: Tilcon Software Limited (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)
- 2010: Virtutech (Stockholm, Sweden)
- 2011: Switch++ (Santa Clara, United States)
As of 2009, their competitors include:
- DDC-I, Inc. makers of the Deos and HeartOS RTOSes
- Green Hills Software (makers of the INTEGRITY and velOSity RTOS)
- QNX Inc. (makers of the QNX Neutrino system)
- ENEA AB Inc. (makers of the Operating System Embedded or Enea OSE RTOS)
- LynuxWorks (makers of the LynxOS RTOS)
- SYSGO (makers of PikeOS RTOS and ELinOS)
- Mentor Graphics (makers of Nucleus RTOS)
- The real-time and embedded product lines of Microsoft (largely Windows CE and Windows NT Embedded)
Wind River sponsors the Bay Area Science and Innovation Consortium (BASIC) WonderCup Challenge, a San Francisco Bay Area science knowledge competition for high school students.
- Company Overview of Wind River Systems, Inc.,Bloomberg Businessweek.com, August 2014
- Intel to Acquire Wind River Systems for Approximately $884 Million
- Esterel Technologies & Wind River Partnership, Esterel Technologies webpage
- Wind River article, LSI webpage
- Wind River’s Partner Ecosystem, Imbedded Intel Solutions
- Inside NASA’s Curiosity: It’s an Apple Airport Extreme… with wheels,ExtremeTech, August 2012
- Company Overview of Wind River Systems, Inc., Bloomberg Businessweek
- Wind River Introduces Industry Profiles for Next-Generation VxWorks Real-Time Operating System, SYS-CON MEDIA, July 2014
- Jerry Fiddler Profile
- Software On Board Mars Pathfinder Has Berkeley Lab Ties Berkeley Labs NewsletterAugust 8, 1997
- Jerry Fiddler and Dave Wilner at Berkely Labs Photo from 1997
- Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1983
- Lord of the Toasters, Wired (magazine) interview with Jerry Fiddler, September 1, 1994
- Embedded Systems: Jerry Fiddler Change is music to his ears EE Times interview 1998
- Company Histories, Funding Universe
- Company Overview of Wind River Systems, Inc., Bloomberg Businessweek
- "Wind River Powers Mars Exploration Rovers--Continues Legacy as Technology Provider for NASA's Space Exploration". Wind River Systems. 2003-06-06. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
- Linux to Power Wind River Sails, IT Business News
- Inside NASA’s Curiosity: It’s an Apple Airport Extreme… with wheels, ExtremeTech
- "Industry Leaders Announce Open Platform for Mobile Devices". Open Handset Alliance. 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2007-11-05.
- Intel's Wind River Claims Lead in Embedded Linux, InternetNews.com, July 2009
- Intel to Acquire Wind River Systems for Approximately $884 Million, Intel News, June 2009
- About GENIVI, GENIVI webpage
- Wind River to Add Virtutech Simics Products to Comprehensive Embedded Software Portfolio
- Wind River Introduces World’s First Wurldtech Achilles, Bloomberg
- Wind River Enhances Market-Leading Embedded Linux Platform to Further Support Open Source Innovation, Market Watch
- Wind River Recognized as Embedded Market Leader in VDC Research Report Series, Reuters
- Latest Embedded Computing Products, Embedded Computing Design
- Intel Creates Internet of Things Group, EETimes, February 2014
- Wind River Unveils Industry’s First Commercial Carrier Grade Platform for NFV, Businesswire
- Wind River Outfits VxWorks for the Internet of Things, Computer World
- Matheny, Richard L.; Osborn, Jacob R. (15 October 2014). "Software Companies Now on Notice That Encryption Exports May Be Treated More Seriously: $750,000 Fine Against Intel Subsidiary". www.goodwinprocter.com (Goodwin Procter LLP.). Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Wind River Linux 6, Yocto Project webpage
- Wind River Acquires Real-Time Linux from FSMLabs, The Linux Beacon
- RTLinux, Wikipedia page
- BMW wants joint effort to develop open-source in-vehicle platform
- Myslewski, Rik (5 March 2009). "Intel aims open source at your car". Channel Register. The Register. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- Wind River Linux 6, Yocto Project webpage
- Wind River Systems, Gale Directory of Company Histories
- Wind River introduces Titanium Cloud to accelerate NFV deployment, Raj Ebenezar, IT Canada, June 2014
- Wind River Unveils Industry’s First Commercial Carrier Grade Platform for NFV, Business Wire, February 2014
- Wind River Launches Titanium Cloud Ecosystem Program to Accelerate Deployment of NFV, Yahoo Finance, June 2014
- Wind River to Acquire BSDi Software Assets, Extending Development Platforms to Include Robust UNIX-based Operating Systems for Embedded Devices, Business Wire
- FreeBSD Mall: Company History
- Wind River terminating BSD/OS
- "TECHNOLOGY; Wind River Systems Agrees to Acquisition of ICEsoft". The New York Times. August 28, 2000.
- "Wind River Acquires AudeSi, Gains Additional Java, Internet Appliance Expertise - Company Business and Marketing". Edge: Work-Group Computing Report. 2000.
- Lord of the Toasters an article from Wired magazine
- Wind River's Linux Transformation an article from CNET