Wind power by country

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Wind power: worldwide installed capacity [1]

Global wind power installations increased by 35,301 in 2013, bringing total installed capacity up to 318,117 MW. During 2010-2011 more than half of all new wind power was added outside of the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China which accounted for nearly half of all of the installations at 18,000 MW in 2011. China now has 91,424 MW of wind power installed.[2][3]


Several countries have achieved relatively high levels of wind power penetration, such as 21% of stationary electricity production in Denmark,[4] 18% in Portugal,[4] 16% in Spain,[4] 14% in Ireland[5] and 9% in Germany in 2010.[4][6]

As of 2011, 83 countries around the world are using wind power on a commercial basis.[6]

Overview[edit]

Top 10 wind power countries[7]
Country Total capacity
end 2013 (MW)
China 91,424
United States 61,091
Germany 34,250
Spain 22,959
India 20,150
United Kingdom 10,531
Italy 8,552
France 8,254
Canada 7,803
Denmark 4,772
Rest of world 48,351
Total 318,137

As of 2011, the Roscoe Wind Farm (781 MW) in the United States is the world's largest wind farm.[8] As of September 2010, the Thanet Wind Farm in United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 300 MW, followed by Horns Rev II (209 MW) in Denmark. The United Kingdom is the world's leading generator of offshore wind power, followed by Denmark.[9]

There are many large wind farms under construction and these include BARD Offshore 1 (400 MW), Clyde Wind Farm (548 MW), Greater Gabbard wind farm (500 MW), Lincs Wind Farm (270 MW), London Array (1000 MW), Lower Snake River Wind Project (343 MW), Macarthur Wind Farm (420 MW), Shepherds Flat Wind Farm (845 MW), Sheringham Shoal (317 MW), and the Walney Wind Farm (367 MW).

Opinion on increase in number of wind farms, 2010 Harris Poll[10]
U.S. Great
Britain
France Italy Spain Germany
 %  %  %  %  %  %
Strongly oppose 3 6 6 2 2 4
Oppose more than favour 9 12 16 11 9 14
Favour more than oppose 37 44 44 38 37 42
Strongly favour 50 38 33 49 53 40

Installed windpower capacity[edit]

This table provides end-of-year installed wind power capacity (in megawatts) for the countries of the world. The data is sourced from Global Wind Energy Council .[11]

Installed windpower capacity (MW)[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21] [22] [23] [24]
# Nation 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 last yr %
growth
5 yr avg
% growth
- European Union European Union 48,122 56,614 65,255 74,919 84,278 93,957 106,454 117,289 10.2 12.5
1 China China 2,599 5,912 12,210 25,104 44,733 62,733 75,564 91,424 21.0 53.1
2 United States United States 11,603 16,819 25,170 35,159 40,200 46,919 60,007 61,091 1.8 20.1
3 Germany Germany 20,622 22,247 23,903 25,777 27,214 29,060 31,332 34,250 9.3 7.5
4 Spain Spain 11,630 15,145 16,740 19,149 20,676 21,674 22,796 22,959 0.7 6.6
5 India India 6,270 7,850 9,587 10,925 13,064 16,084 18,421 20,150 9.4 16.1
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,963 2,389 3,288 4,070 5,203 6,540 8,445 10,531 24.7 26.2
7 Italy Italy 2,123 2,726 3,537 4,850 5,797 6,747 8,144 8,552 5.0 19.8
8 France France 1,589 2,477 3,426 4,410 5,660 6,800 7,196 8,254 14.7 19.5
9 Canada Canada 1,460 1,846 2,369 3,319 4,008 5,265 6,200 7,803 25.9 27.2
10 Denmark Denmark 3,140 3,129 3,164 3,465 3,752 3,871 4,162 4,772 14.7 8.6
11 Portugal Portugal 1,716 2,130 2,862 3,535 3,702 4,083 4,525 4,724 4.4 10.8
12 Sweden Sweden 571 831 1,067 1,560 2,163 2,970 3,745 4,470 19.4 33.5
13 Brazil Brazil 237 247 339 606 932 1,509 2,508 3,456 37.8 59.7
14 Poland Poland 153 276 472 725 1,107 1,616 2,497 3,390 35.8 48.5
15 Australia Australia[25] 651 824 1,306 1,712 1,991 2,176 2,584 3,239 25.3 20.2
16 Turkey Turkey 65 207 433 801 1,329 1,799 2,312 2,959 28.0 48.6
17 Netherlands Netherlands 1,571 1,759 2,237 2,223 2,237 2,328 2,391 2,693 12.6 3.9
18 Japan Japan 1,309 1,528 1,880 2,056 2,304 2,501 2,614 2,661 1.8 7.3
19 Romania Romania 2 7 10 14.1 462 982 1,905 2,600 36.5 692.1
20 Republic of Ireland Ireland 746 805 1,245 1,260 1.379 1,614 1,738 2,037 17.2 10.5
21 Mexico Mexico 84 85 85 520 733 873 1,370 1,992 45.4 134.8
22 Greece Greece 758 873 990 1,087 1,208 1,629 1,749 1,865 6.6 14.0
23 Austria Austria 965 982 995 995 1,011 1,084 1,378 1,684 22.2 11.6
24 Belgium Belgium 194 287 384 563 911 1,078 - - 0.0 42.3
25 Norway Norway[26][27][28] 325 333 428 431 441 512 704 811 15.2 -
26 New Zealand New Zealand 171 322 325 497 530 623 623 623 0.0 15.4
27 Taiwan Taiwan 188 280 358 436 519 564 564 614 8.9 11.7
28 Bulgaria Bulgaria 36 70 120 177 500 612 - - 0.0 84.1
29 South Korea South Korea 176 192 278 348 379 407 483 561 16.1 15.3
30 Egypt Egypt 230 310 390 430 550 550 550 550 0.0 7.6
31 Chile Chile - - - 20 168 172 205 335 63.4 206.2
32 Hungary Hungary 61 65 127 201 329 - - - 0.0 61.0
33 Morocco Morocco 64 125 125 253 286 291 291 291 0.0 23.4
34 Thailand Thailand - - - - - 7 112 223 99.1 99.1
35 Argentina Argentina - - - - - 113 167 218 30.5 39.2
36 Costa Rica Costa Rica - - 74 123 119 132 147 218 48.3 26.7
37 Czech Republic Czech Republic 57 116 150 192 215 - - - 0.0 20.0
38 Finland Finland 86 110 143 147 197 197 - - 0.0 12.3
39 Estonia Estonia 31.8 59 78 142 149 184 - - 0.0 36.8
40 Ethiopia Ethiopia - - - - - 23 81 171 111.1 181.6
41 Lithuania Lithuania 56 50 54 91 154 - - - 0.0 68.9
42 Croatia Croatia n/a n/a 69.4 104 152 187.4 207.1 - 0.0 32.5
43 Nicaragua Nicaragua - - - - - 62 102 146 43.1 53.8
44 Pakistan Pakistan - - - - - 6 56 106 89.3 461.3
45 Tunisia Tunisia - - - - - 54 104 92.6 -11.0 40.8
46 Honduras Honduras - - - - - - 102 102 0.0 0.0
47 Iran Iran 47 67 82 91 91 91 91 91 0.0 2.2
48 Ukraine Ukraine 86 89 90 94 87 - - - 0.0 -1.5
49 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka - - - - - - 63 63 0.0 0.0
50 Uruguay Uruguay - - - - - 43 56 59 5.4 17.8
51 Mongolia Mongolia - - - - - - - 50 - -
52 Venezuela Venezuela - - - - - - 30 - 0.0 0.0
53 Cape Verde Cape Verde - - - - - 24 24 24 0.0 0.0
Caribbean - - - - - - 191 191 0.0 0.0
Pacific Islands - - - - - 12 12 12 0.0 0.0
Rest of Europe - - - - - 3,815 4,956 5,737 15.8 22.8
Rest of Latin America & Caribbean - - - - - 54 54 - 0.0 0.0
Rest of Africa & Middle East - - - - - - 1,165 1,255 7.7 7.7
Rest of Asia - - - - - 71 87 - 0.0 22.5
World total (MW) 74,151 93,927 121,188 157,899 197,637 238,035 282,482 318,137 12.6 21.4

Annual wind power generation[edit]

Annual Wind Power Generation (TW·h) and total electricity consumption (TW·h) for 10 largest countries[12][29][30][31][32][33][34][35]
Nation 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
1 United States United States 26.6 26.1% 0.7% 4058.1 34.5 23.4% 0.8% 4149.9 52.0 23.5% 1.3% 4108.6 70.8 1.8% 3951.1 95.2 2.6% 3,723.8
2 China China 3.7 16.2% 0.1% 2834.4 5.6[36] 10.6% 0.2% 3255.9 12.8[37] 12.0% 0.4% 3426.8 26.9 12.2% 0.74% 3640.3 55.5
3 Spain Spain 22.9 22.4% 8.5% 268.8 27.2 20.5% 9.8% 276.8 31.4 21.7% 11.1% 282.1 36.6 13.7% 267.0 43.7
4 Germany Germany 30.7 17.0% 5.4% 569.9 38.5 19.7% 6.6% 584.9 40.4 19.3% 6.6% 611.9 37.2 6.4% 581.3 36.5
5 India India 7.6 13.8% 1.0% 726.7 14.7 21.0% 1.9% 774.7 14.8 17.6% 1.77% 834.3 17 2.7% 637.6 20.6
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 4.2 23.2% 1.2% 352.9 5.3 27.5% 1.5% 352.0 7.1 30.4% 2.0% 350.5 9.3 2.5% 325.8 10.2
7 France France 2.2 16.0% 0.5% 478.4 4.0 18.6% 0.8% 480.3 5.6 18.8% 1.1% 494.5 7.8 20.2% 1.6% 486 9.7
8 Portugal Portugal 2.9 19.3% 5.9% 49.2 4.0 21.2% 8.0% 50.1 5.7 22.7% 11.3% 50.6 7.5 15.0% 49.9 9.1
9 Italy Italy 3.0 16.1% 0.9% 337.5 4.0[38] 16.7% 1.2% 339.9 4.9 15.7% 1.4% 339.5 6.2 2.1% 296.3 8.4
10 Denmark Denmark 6.1 22.2% 16.8% 36.4 7.2 26.3% 19.7% 36.4 7.0 24.9% 19.1% 36.2 6.8 19.3% 32.4 7.4[39]
World total (TWh) 126.547 19.2% 0.8% 16,388.5 163.683 21.1% 1.0% 17,110.5 211.812 24.5% 1.2% 17,420.0 262.563[12] 21.5% 1.5% 17,313.6 344.8


Installed windpower capacity (MW) 2002-2012[edit]

This table provides end-of-year installed wind power capacity (in megawatts) for the countries of the world for the years 2002 through 2012. The data source for the 2002 through 2012 figures is the World Wind Energy Association.[40]

Rank Nation 2002 2003 2004 2005[13] 2006[13] 2007[13] 2008[13] 2009[12] 2010[14] 2011[41] 2012[42]
- World 31,180 39,295 47,693 59,024.1 74,122.8 93,930.4 120,902.9 159,231.3 196,630 238,035 282,482
1 China China 468 567 764 1,266 2,599 5,912 12,210.0 25,777.0 44,733 62,364 75,324
2 United States United States 4,685 6,370 6,725 9,149 11,603 16,818.8 25,170.0 35,159.0 40,180 46,919 59,882
3 Germany Germany 12,001 14,609.1 16,628.8 18,427.5 20,622 22,247.4 23,902.8 25,777 27,215 29,075 31,038
4 Spain Spain 4,830 6,202 8,263 10,027.9 11,630 15,145.1 16,740.3 19,149.0 20,676 21,673 22,796
5 India India 1,702 2,110 3,000 4,430 6,270 7,850 9,587.0 10,925.0 13,065 15,880 18,321
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 552 648 888 1,353 1,962.9 2,389 3,287.9 4,092 5,204 6,018 8,445
7 Italy Italy 785 904 1,265 1,718.3 2,123.4 2,726.1 3,736.0 4,850 5,797 6,737 8,144
8 France France 148 248 386 757.2 1,567 2,455 3,404.0 4,521 5,660 6,640 7,473
9 Canada Canada 236 322 444 683 1,460 1,846 2,369.0 3,319 4,008 5,265 6,201
10 Portugal Portugal 194 299 522 1,022 1,716 2,130 2,862.0 3,535 3,702 4,083 4,525
11 Denmark Denmark 2,880 3,110 3,124 3,128 3,136 3,125 3,160.0 3,497 3,734 3,927 4,162
12 Sweden Sweden 345 404 452 509.1 571.2 831.0 1066.9 1,579 2,052 2,798 3,745
13 Japan Japan 334 506 896.2 1,040 1,309 1,528 1,880.0 2,056 2,304 2,501 2,614
14 Australia Australia 103 197.2 379 579 817.3 817.3 1,494.0 1,877 1,880 2,005 2,584
15 Brazil Brazil 22 23.8 23.8 28.6 236.9 247.1 338.5 606 920 1,429 2,507
16 Poland Poland 28.2 58.2 58.2 73 153 276 544 725 1,107 1,616.4 2,497
17 Netherlands Netherlands 682 908 1,078 1,224 1,559 1,747 2,225.0 2,229 2,237 2,328 2,391
18 Turkey Turkey 19.4 20.6 20.6 20.1 64.6 206.8 333.4 796.5 1,274 1,799 2,312
19 Romania Romania 0 0 0 0.9 2.8 7.8 7.0 14.0 591 826 1,905
20 Greece Greece 276 365 473 573.3 757.6 873.3 989.7 1,109 1,208 1,626.5 1,749
21 Republic of Ireland Ireland 137 186 338.9 495.2 746 805 1,244.7 1,260 1,428 1,614 1,738
22 Austria Austria 139.3 415 606 819 964.5 981.5 994.9 995 1,011 1,084 1,378
23 Belgium Belgium 44 68 95 167.4 194.3 286.9 383.6 555 886 1,078 1,375
24 Mexico Mexico 0 0 2.2 2.2 84 85.0 85.0 402 521 929 1,348
25 Norway Norway 97.3 100 270 268 325 333.0 428.0 431 434 520.0 703.0
26 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0 10 10 14 36 57 120 177 375 503.0 684.0
27 New Zealand New Zealand 35 36.3 168.1 168.2 171 321.8 325.3 497 506 622.8 622.8
28 Taiwan Taiwan 0 0 13 103.7 187.7 279.9 358.2 436 519 563.8 563.8
29 Egypt Egypt 69 180 145 145 230 310 390.0 430 550 550.0 550.0
30 South Korea South Korea 16 18.7 22.5 119.1 176.3 192.1 278.0 364.4 379 406.3 482.6
31 Hungary Hungary 1.2 2 3.5 17.5 60.9 65.0 127.0 201 295 329.4 329.4
32 Morocco Morocco 53.9 53.9 53.9 64 64 125.2 125.2 253 286 291.0 291.0
33 Finland Finland 41 51 82 82 86 110 140.0 147 197 197.0 288.0
34 Ukraine Ukraine 46 56.4 68.8 77.3 85.6 89.0 90.0 90 87.4 151.1 276.0
35 Estonia Estonia 2 3.7 22.1 33 33 58.6 78.3 142.3 149 184.0 269.0
36 Czech Republic Czech Republic 3 10 16.5 29.5 56.5 116 150.0 191 215 217.0 260.0
37 Argentina Argentina 25.7 25.7 25.6 26.8 27.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 54.0 129.2 233.2
38 Lithuania Lithuania 0.2 2 7 7 55.0 52.3 54.4 91 154 179.0 225.0
39 Chile Chile 1.3 2 2 2 2 20.1 20.1 78 170 190.0 190.0
40 CroatiaCroatia 0 0 6 6 17.2 17.2 18.2 27.8 69.8 131.0 180.0
41 Costa Rica Costa Rica 69.9 69.9 69.9 71 74 74 74.0 123 123 148.2 148.2
42 Cyprus Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 82.0 134.0 147.0
43 Puerto Rico 0 125.0
44 Pakistan Pakistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 106.0
45 Tunisia Tunisia 19 10 20 20 20 20 20.0 20.0 54.0 54.0 104.0
46 Nicaragua Nicaragua 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 40 40.0 63.0 102.0
47 Iran Iran 11 11 25 31.6 47.4 66.5 82.0 82 100 100.0 100.0
48 Honduras Honduras 0.0 70.0 70.0
49 Latvia Latvia 24 24 26.7 22.9 26.9 26.9 26.9 28.5 31.0 31.0 68.0
50 Uruguay Uruguay 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.2 0.2 0.6 20.5 20.5 30.5 40.5 52.0
51 Ethiopia Ethiopia 30.0 30.0 51.0
52 Switzerland Switzerland 5.3 5.3 8.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 13.8 17.6 42.0 45.5 50.0
53 Jamaica Jamaica 0 0 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 29.7 29.7 47.7 47.7
54 Luxembourg Luxembourg 16.1 21.5 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 42.0 44.0 45.0
55 New Caledonia New Caledonia 0.0 38.2 38.2
56 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 33.6 33.6
57 Philippines Philippines 0 0 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 33.0 33 33.0 33.0
58 Vietnam Vietnam 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3 8.8 30.5 31.0 31.0
59-60 Aruba Aruba 0.0 30.0 30.0
59-60 Venezuela Venezuela 0.0 30.0
61 Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 0 0 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 26.8 26.8
62 Colombia Colombia 0 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5 20.0 20.0 19.5 19.5
63 Ecuador Ecuador 0 0 0 0 0 3.1 4.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 19.0
64 Russia Russia 10.7 10.8 10.8 14 15.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.4 15.4 16.8
65 Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles 0 0 0 0 17.2 17.2 18.2 24.3 24.3
66 Cape Verde Cape Verde 0 0 2.78 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 25.5 38.3 24
67 Guyana Guyana 0 0 10.2 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
68 Curaçao Curacao 0.0 12.0 12.0
69 Cuba Cuba 0.5 0.45 0.45 0.5 0.5 2.1 7.2 7.2 11.7 11.7 11.7
70 Bonaire Bonaire 0.0 10.8 10.8
71 South Africa South Africa 13 16.4 16.55 16.6 16.6 16.6 21.8 21.8 10.0 10.1 10.1
72 Fiji Fiji 0.0 10.0 10.0
73 Dominica Dominica 0.2 7.2 7.2
74 Israel Israel 7 7 7 7.0 7.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
75 Faroe Islands Faroe Islands 0 0 0.15 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
76-77 Slovakia Slovakia 0 2 5 5 5 5 6.0 6.0 6.0 3.0 3.0
76-77 Vanuatu Vanuatu 0.0 3.0 3.0
78 Armenia Armenia 0.0 2.6
79-80 Nigeria Nigeria 0.8 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
80-80 Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis 0.0 2.2 2.2
81-82 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.2 2.0
81-82 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.0 2.2 2.0
83 Belarus Belarus 0 0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.9 1.9 3.5 1.9
84 Iceland Iceland 0.0 1.8
85 Antarctica Antarctica 0 0.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
86 Jordan Jordan 0 1.5 1.45 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
87 Indonesia Indonesia 0 0 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
88 Mongolia Mongolia 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.4 2.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
89 Madagascar Madagascar 1.2 1.2 1.2
90-91 Martinique Martinique 0 0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
90-91 Mauritius Mauritius 0.0 1.1 1.1
92 Falkland Islands Falkland Islands 0 0 0 0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
93 Eritrea Eritrea 0 0 0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
94-95 Peru Peru 0 0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
94-95 Grenada Grenada 0.0 0.7 0.7
96 Syria Syria 0 0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6
97-98 Namibia Namibia 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2
97-98 North Korea North Korea 0 0 0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
99 Algeria Algeria 0 0.1
World 31,180 39,295 47,693 59,024.1 74,122.8 93,930.4 120,902.9 159,213.3 196,630 237,022 282,482

Installed wind energy capacity 1991-2000[edit]

Installed Wind Energy Capacity (in megawatts, MW)(cumulative for year):[43][44][45][46]

Nation 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
 Germany 112 180 335 643 1,130 1,548 2,080 2,870 4,445 6,113
 USA 1,709 1,680 1,635 1,663 1,612 1,590 1,592 1,946 2,500 2,554
 Spain 5 50 60 70 140 249 512 660 1,522 2,235
 Denmark 413 458 487 539 637 857 1,116 1,380 1,748 2,300
 India 39 39 79 185 576 816 950 968 1,077 1,167
 Italy 22[47] 60 100 154 282 427
 Netherlands 299 325 359 410 449
 UK 270 320 331 343 406
 China 38 79 166 190 265 265
 Sweden 105 117 148 195 231
Rest of World 234 274 489 713 1,153
Total 2,170 2,510 2,990 3,490 4,780 6,097 7,592 8,719 13,500 17,300

Installed wind energy capacity 1981-1990[edit]

Installed Wind Energy Capacity (in megawatts, MW)(cumulative for year):[43][48]

Nation 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
 USA 18 84 254 653 945 1,265 1,333 1,231 1,332 1,484
 Denmark 7 12 20 27 50 82 115 197 262 343
 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 15 27 62
Total 25 90 210 600 1,020 1,270 1,450 1,580 1,730 1,930
  • Total does not match sum of totals because of different sources.

Electricity generation by wind 2011[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh total for year):[49]

Nation 2011 2012[50]
 USA 119.7 140.1
 China 73.2 100.8[51]
 Spain 42.4 48.5
 Germany 46.5 46.0
 India 26.0
 Canada 19.7 23.1
 UK 15.5 21
 France 12.2 14.9
 Italy 10.1 13.2
 Denmark 9.7 10.2
 Portugal 9.1 10.0
 Sweden 6.1 7.2
 Australia 5.8 7.0
 Turkey 4.7 5.8
 Netherlands 5.1 5.0
 Japan 4.3 4.8
 Ireland 4.4 4.2
 Poland 2.7 4.2
 Greece 3.3 3.7
 Romania 1.4 2.9
 Belgium 2.3 2.7
 Brazil 2.7
 Austria 2.1 2.4
 New Zealand 2.0 1.9
 Norway 1.3 1.7
 South Korea .86 1.7
 Egypt 1.7
 Mexico 1.4 1.2
 Bulgaria .83 1.1
 Morocco .88

Electricity generation by wind 2001-2010[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh total for year):[52]

Nation 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
 USA 6.737 10.354 11.187 14.144 17.811 26.589 34.450 55.363 73.886 94.65
 Germany 9.933 15.063 17.916 24.234 25.868 29.175 37.727 38.545 36.71 35.90
 Spain 6.421 8.875 11.471 14.915 20.117 22.132 26.190 30.593 35.9 41.5
 India 2.129 2.553 3.411 4.266 6.273 8.255 11.206 13.053 17 20.6
 China 0.712 0.829 0.987 1.265 1.927 3.675 5.425 12.425 26.9 55.5
 UK 0.917 1.193 1.221 1.838 2.759 4.014 5.010 6.742 8.84 9.70
 Denmark 4.091 4.633 5.283 6.254 6.283 5.803 6.814 6.582 6.39 7.42
 Italy 1.120 1.334 1.385 1.755 2.227 2.822 3.832 4.618 6.200 8.0
 Portugal 0.243 0.344 0.471 0.775 1.684 2.779 3.835 5.469 7.20 8.60
 France 0.125 0.256 0.372 0.566 0.914 2.073 3.857 5.405 7.50 9.20
 Netherlands 0.784 0.899 1.252 1.774 1.964 2.596 3.266 4.047 4.350 3.78
 Australia 0.200 0.346 0.668 0.670 0.841 1.627 2.480 2.938 3.615 3.62
 Canada 0.320 0.388 0.785 0.906 1.398 2.375 2.873 3.628 4.3 5.50
 Japan 0.239 0.394 0.791 1.245 1.666 2.100 2.493 2.799 2.802 3.60
 Ireland 0.317 0.369 0.431 0.622 1.056 1.541 1.860 2.290 2.807 2.670
 Austria 0.163 0.193 0.348 0.878 1.262 1.664 1.934 1.913 1.87 1.92
 Sweden 0.458 0.578 0.645 0.808 0.889 0.938 1.359 1.896 2.361 3.30
 Greece 0.718 0.618 0.970 1.065 1.203 1.614 1.727 2.130 2.416 2.030
 New Zealand 0.130 0.148 0.141 0.340 0.583 0.591 0.883 1.004 1.398 1.55
 Norway 0.026 0.071 0.207 0.239 0.481 0.605 0.847 0.867 0.932 0.850
 Poland 0.013 0.058 0.118 0.135 0.128 0.243 0.496 0.795 1.023 1.60
 Turkey 0.059 0.046 0.058 0.055 0.056 0.121 0.337 0.805 1.4 2.80
 Belgium 0.035 0.054 0.084 0.135 0.246 0.348 0.466 0.605 0.946 1.20
 Brazil 0.033 0.058 0.058 0.058 0.088 0.225 0.531 0.530 1.180 2.07
 Egypt 0.210 0.194 0.350 0.497 0.524 0.585 0.789 0.880 1.1 1.20
 Mexico 0.017 0.020 0.018 0.019 0.018 0.056 0.249 0.256 0.566 0.378
Rest of World 10.657 15.976 19.060 25.473 27.37 31.588
Total 36.723 50.557 61.476 80.595 99.687 126.547 163.683 211.812 262.563 327.850

Electricity generation by wind 1991-2000[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh)(total for year):[53]

Nation 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
 Germany 0.204 0.276 0.640 1.357 1.626 1.974 2.882 4.363 5.252 8.884
 USA 2.951 2.888 3.006 3.447 3.164 3.234 3.288 3.026 4.488 5.593
 Denmark 0.703 0.869 0.982 1.080 1.118 1.166 1.837 2.679 2.878 4.029
 Spain 0.014 0.042 0.109 0.166 0.257 0.346 0.705 1.284 2.607 4.491
 India 0.037 0.084 0.090 0.181 0.471 0.834 0.939 1.019 1.374 1.600
 China 0.009 0.013 0.021 0.038 0.061 0.093 0.196 0.352 0.469 0.584
 UK 0.010 0.032 0.207 0.325 0.371 0.464 0.634 0.833 0.808 0.900
 Italy 0.003 0.002 0.004 0.007 0.009 0.031 0.112 0.219 0.383 0.535
 France 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.005 0.005 0.007 0.010 0.019 0.035 0.073
 Portugal 0.001 0.004 0.010 0.016 0.015 0.020 0.036 0.085 0.117 0.160
 Netherlands 0.068 0.140 0.169 0.225 0.301 0.415 0.451 0.608 0.613 0.788
 Japan 0 0 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.007 0.036 0.104
 Australia 0 0 0 0.004 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.008 0.026 0.055
 Canada 0.002 0.003 0.030 0.055 0.056 0.059 0.059 0.059 0.156 0.251
 Austria 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.005 0.019 0.043 0.048 0.064
 Ireland 0 0.005 0.014 0.018 0.015 0.013 0.048 0.161 0.178 0.232
 Greece 0 0.008 0.045 0.035 0.032 0.036 0.034 0.067 0.154 0.428
 Sweden 0.012 0.029 0.046 0.068 0.094 0.137 0.193 0.301 0.340 0.434
 New Zealand 0 0 0 0.001 0.001 0.008 0.013 0.021 0.037 0.114
 Norway 0 0.003 0.003 0.009 0.010 0.009 0.010 0.010 0.024 0.029
 Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.023 0.130
 Belgium 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.009 0.009 0.008 0.008 0.010 0.012 0.015
 Mexico 0 0 0 0.004 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.010 0.010 0.018
 Turkey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.031
 Poland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.005
 Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.001
Rest of World 0.205 0.277 0.645 1.373 1.646 2.028 3.006 4.554 5.514 9.363
Total 4.024 4.406 5.393 7.063 7.644 8.921 11.606 15.363 20.320 29.970

Electricity generation by wind 1983-1990[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh)(total for year):[54]

Nation 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
 Germany -- -- -- -- -- 0.002 0.002 0.003
 USA1 0.00267 0.00649 0.00576 0.00419 0.00354 0.00087 2.112 2.789
 India 0 0 0 0.002 0.003 0.006 0.006 0.030
 Denmark 0.024 0.039 0.06 0.136 0.183 0.302 0.429 0.580
 UK 0 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.009 0.009
 Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.001
 Netherlands 0 0 0 0.001 0.002 0.016 0.023 0.048
 Greece 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.001 0 0.001
 Sweden 0.003 0.005 0.006 0.006 0.006 0.005 0.005 0.006
 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0.006 0.008 0.007 0.008
 Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.013
 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
 Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
 China 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
Rest of World 0 0 0.001 0 0.001 0.003 0.003 0.005
Total 0.0297 0.0505 0.0728 0.149 0.206 0.343 2.595 3.496
1 [sic] - Generation does not correlate with installed capacity, which would suggest approximately 0.33, 0.87, 1.54, 2.13, 2.50, 2.47 TWh from 1983 to 1988 for the United States.

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