Wind power in India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Progress in India's installed wind power generating capacity since 2006

The development of wind power in India began in the 1990s, and has significantly increased in the last few years. Although a relative newcomer to the wind industry compared with Denmark or the United States, India has the fifth largest installed wind power capacity in the world.[1] In 2009-10 India's growth rate was highest among the other top four countries.

As of 31 March 2014 the installed capacity of wind power in India was 21136.3 MW,[2][3] mainly spread across Tamil Nadu (7253 MW),[4] Gujarat (3,093 MW), Maharashtra (2976 MW), Karnataka (2113 MW), Rajasthan (2355 MW), Madhya Pradesh (386 MW), Andhra Pradesh (435 MW), Kerala (35.1 MW), Orissa (2MW),[5][6] West Bengal (1.1 MW) and other states (3.20 MW).[7] It is estimated that 6,000 MW of additional wind power capacity will be installed in India by 2014.[8] Wind power accounts for 8.5% of India's total installed power capacity, and it generates 1.6% of the country's power.[9] India's wind atlas is available.

Overview[edit]

India is the world's fifth largest wind power producer, with a generation capacity of 20,149 MW.[10] Shown here is a wind farm in Kayathar, Tamil Nadu.

The worldwide installed capacity of wind power reached 283 GW by the end of 2012. China (75,564 MW), US (60,007 MW), Germany (31,332 MW) and Spain (22,796 MW) are ahead of India in fifth position.[11] The short gestation periods for installing wind turbines, and the increasing reliability and performance of wind energy machines has made wind power a favoured choice for capacity addition in India.[12]

Suzlon, an Indian-owned company, emerged on the global scene in the past decade, and by 2006 had captured almost 7.7 percent of market share in global wind turbine sales. Suzlon is currently the leading manufacturer of wind turbines for the Indian market, holding some 43 percent of market share in India. Suzlon’s success has made India the developing country leader in advanced wind turbine technology.[13]

State-level wind power[edit]

There is a growing number of wind energy installations in states across India. By the end of January 2014, the states of India had a cumulative installed capacity of 21264 MW.[14]

State Capacity as on 31.03.2014(MW)[14]
Tamil Nadu 7253
Gujarat 3414
Maharashtra 2976
Rajasthan 2820
Karnataka 2409
Andhra Pradesh 753
Madhya Pradesh 439.00
Kerala 55
Others 4.30
Total 21264

.

Tamil Nadu (8,256 MW)[edit]

Tamil Nadu generate around 35% of India's total wind capacity. The Government of Tamil Nadu realized the importance and need for renewable energy, and set up a separate Agency, as registered society, called the Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA) as early as 1985. Now, Tamil Nadu has become a leader in Wind Power in India. In Muppandal windfarm, Tamil Nadu the total capacity is 1500MW, which is the largest in India. As per TEDA, the total installed capacity in Tamil Nadu is 7253MW.[15]

Gujarat (3,087 MW)[edit]

Gujarat government’s focus on tapping renewable energy has led to sharp rise in the capacity to generate power using wind energy in the last few years. According to official data, wind power generations capacity in the state has increased a staggering ten times in just six years.

As per C-WET data, the total installed capacity in Gujarat stood at 3093 MW.[4]

Maharashtra (as on 30/09/2014 installed capacity of wind energy 4167.26 MW reference www.mahaurja.com)[edit]

Maharashtra is one of the prominent states considering the installation of wind power projects second to Tamil Nadu in India. As of now there are 50 developers registered with state nodal agency "Maharashtra energy Development Agency" for development of wind power projects. All the major manufacturers of wind turbines including Suzlon, Vestas , Gamesa , Regen , Leitner Shriram have presence in Maharashtra.

Rajasthan (2355 MW)[edit]

2356 MW as per the news reported by Times of India, Dated 31.3.2012.[citation needed]

Madhya Pradesh (386 MW)[edit]

In consideration of unique concept, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh has sanctioned another 15 MW project to Madhya Pradesh Windfarms Ltd. MPWL, Bhopal at Nagda Hills near Dewas under consultation from Consolidated Energy Consultants Ltd. CECL Bhopal. All the 25 WEGs have been commissioned on 31.03.2008 and under successful operation.[16]

Kerala[edit]

(55 MW production of wind power in KERALA) The first wind farm of the state was set up[when?] at Kanjikode in Palakkad district.[citation needed]

They generate a total of 600 MW of power. The agency has identified 16 sites for setting up wind farms through private developers.[citation needed]

Odisha (2.0MW)[edit]

Odisha a coastal state has higher potential for wind energy. Current installation capacity stands at 2.0 MW. Odisha has a windpower potential of 1700MW. The Govt of Odisha is actively pursuing to boost Wind power generation in the state. however it has not progressed like other states primarily because Odisha having a huge coal reserve and number of existing and upcoming thermal power plants, is a power surplus state.[17]

West Bengal (2.10MW)[edit]

The total installation in West Bengal is 2.10 MW till Dec 2009 at Fraserganj, Distt- South 24 Paraganas. More 0.5 MW (approx) at Ganga Sagar, Kakdwip, Distt - South 24 Paraganas. Both the project owned by West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency (WBREDA), Govt. of WB and project was executed on turnkey basis by Utility Powertech Limited (UPL).[citation needed]

Projects[edit]

India's largest wind power production facilities (10MW and greater)[18]

Power plant Producer Location State Total capacity (MWe)
Muppandal windfarm[19] Muppandal Wind Kanyakumari Tamil Nadu 1500
Jaisalmer Wind Park[20] Suzlon Energy Jaisalmer Rajasthan 1064
Brahmanvel windfarm[21] Parakh Agro Industries Dhule Maharashtra 528
Dhalgaon windfarm [22] Gadre Marine Exports Sangli Maharashtra 278
Vankusawade Wind Park Suzlon Energy Ltd. Satara District. Maharashtra 259
Damanjodi Wind Power Plant Suzlon Energy Ltd. Damanjodi Odisha 99
Cape Comorin Aban Loyd Chiles Offshore Ltd. Kanyakumari Tamil Nadu 33
Kayathar Subhash Subhash Ltd. Kayathar Tamil Nadu 30
Ramakkalmedu Subhash Ltd. Ramakkalmedu Kerala 25
Gudimangalam Gudimangalam Wind Farm Gudimangalam Tamil Nadu 21
Puthlur RCI Wescare (India) Ltd. Puthlur Andhra Pradesh 20
Lamda Danida Danida India Ltd. Lamba Gujarat 15
Chennai Mohan Mohan Breweries & Distilleries Ltd. Chennai Tamil Nadu 15
Jamgudrani MP MP Windfarms Ltd. Dewas Madhya Pradesh 14
Jogmatti BSES BSES Ltd. Chitradurga District Karnataka 14
Perungudi Newam Newam Power Company Ltd. Perungudi Tamil Nadu 12
Kethanur Wind Farm Kethanur Wind Farm Kethanur Tamil Nadu 11
Hyderabad APSRTC Telangana State Road Transport Corporation Hyderabad Telangana 10
Muppandal Madras Madras Cements Ltd. Muppandal Tamil Nadu 10
Shah Gajendragarh MMTCL Gadag Karnataka 15
Shah Gajendragarh Sanjay D. Ghodawat Gadag Karnataka 10.8
Acciona Tuppadahalli Tuppadahalli Energy India Private Limited Chitradurga District Karnataka 56.1
Poolavadi Chettinad Chettinad Cement Corp. Ltd. Poolavadi Tamil Nadu 10
Shalivahana Wind Shalivahana Green Energy. Ltd. Tirupur Tamil Nadu 20.4
Dangiri Wind Farm Oil India Ltd. Jaiselmer Rajasthan 54

[23]

Barriers[edit]

Initial cost for wind turbines is greater than that of conventional fossil fuel generators per MW installed. [24] Noise is produced by the rotor blades. This is not normally an issue in the locations chosen for most wind farms.

Future[edit]

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) had fixed a target of 10,500 MW between 2007–12, but an additional generation capacity of only about 6,000 MW might be available for commercial use by 2012.[8]

The MNRE has announced a revised estimation of the potential wind resource in India from 49,130 MW assessed at 50m Hub heights to 102,788 MW assessed at 80m Hub height. The wind resource at higher Hub heights that are now prevailing is possibly even more.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Wind Energy Report 2008". Report. "World Wind Energy Report 2008"
  2. ^ "Indian Wind Energy and Economy". Indianwindpower.com. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 
  3. ^ Ministry of New and Renewable Energy - Achievements. Mnre.gov.in (2013-10-31). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  4. ^ a b Welcome to Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET), Chennai. Cwet.tn.nic.in (2013-02-31). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  5. ^ "Mega power plants in AP and wind power in Orissa". Projectsmonitor.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  6. ^ "National Thermal Power Corporation to Develop Renewable Energy Projects in Orissa, India". Azocleantech.com. 2010-03-27. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  7. ^ "INDIAN WIND TURBINE-Installed Wind Capacity". Indianwindpower.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  8. ^ a b India to add 6,000 mw wind power by 2012; but below target
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ "Physical progress MNRE". Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  11. ^ Global Wind 2012 Report
  12. ^ Suzlon partners with Maharashtra in record year for wind power
  13. ^ Lewis, Joassa I. (2007). A Comparison of Wind Power Industry Development Strategies in Spain, India and China
  14. ^ a b State-wise Installed Capacity of Grid Interactive Renewable Power As On 31st March 2014. [2]
  15. ^ [3], Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency - Site.
  16. ^ "Developer of Wind Power Estate". Wind Power India. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  17. ^ "Wind power and solar energy in Odisha". REVE. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  18. ^ "Indian Wind Energy - Projects, Companies, Research, Data, Statistics - Energy Alternatives India". EAI.in. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  19. ^ "Muppandal windfarm". Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  20. ^ "Jaisalmer windfarm". Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "Brahmanvel windfarm (India)". Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  22. ^ "Dhalgaon windfarm". Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Shalivahana Green Energy | Bio Mass | Municipal Solid Waste | Wind Energy | Hydel Energy". Shalivahanagroup.com. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  24. ^ http://www.greenworldinvestor.com/2011/04/08/wind-power-plants-in-india-guide-to-cost-and-how-to-setup-a-wind-farmstate-wind-capacitywind-subsidies-and-list-of-major-wind-farms-in-india/

External links[edit]